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1.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-811185

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adequate suppression of bone turnover rate is important to decrease fracture risk without mineralization defect due to oversuppression. This study was performed to determine reference intervals (RIs) for 2 bone turnover markers, serum C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX) and osteocalcin, in Korean women.METHODS: A total of 461 Korean women (287 premenopausal and 174 postmenopausal) without any disease or drug history affecting bone metabolism was included. Serum CTX and osteocalcin were measured after overnight fasting. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured at the 1st to 4th lumbar vertebra using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Subjects with normal spinal BMD (T-score ≥−1.0) were included in this study.RESULTS: After stable concentrations were maintained, both CTX and osteocalcin were abruptly increased in 50 to 59 years, and then decreased with increasing age. Median levels and interquartile range of serum CTX and osteocalcin in all subjects were 0.322 (0.212–0.461) ng/mL and 15.68 (11.38–19.91) ng/mL. RIs for serum CTX and osteocalcin in all subjects were 0.115 to 0.861 ng/mL and 6.46 to 36.76 ng/mL. Those were higher in postmenopausal women (CTX, 0.124–1.020 ng/mL, osteocalcin, 5.42–41.57 ng/mL) than in premenopausal women (CTX, 0.101–0.632 ng/mL, osteocalcin, 6.73–24.27 ng/mL). If we use target reference levels as lower half of premenopausal 30 to 45 years in patients with antiresorptive drugs, those were 0.101 to 0.251 ng/mL and 6.40 to 13.36 ng/mL.CONCLUSIONS: We established RIs for serum CTX and osteocalcin in healthy Korean women with normal lumbar spine BMD. Premenopausal RIs for serum CTX and osteocalcin would be useful to monitor patients with low bone mass using osteoporosis drugs.


Assuntos
Absorciometria de Fóton , Biomarcadores , Densidade Óssea , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea , Remodelação Óssea , Colágeno Tipo I , Jejum , Feminino , Humanos , Metabolismo , Mineradores , Osteocalcina , Osteoporose , Valores de Referência , Coluna Vertebral
2.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-811182

RESUMO

In terms of management of Paget's disease of bone (PDB), early diagnosis and proper management achieving remission is essential with lifelong specialist follow-up. We present the case of a 40-year-old woman with PDB affecting mainly the distal extremities (ankle and wrist). The patient visited our hospital in 2012 with heel pain. Plain radiography revealed osteoporosis, and a bone scan revealed hot uptake. Initial laboratory investigations showed normal serum calcium, 25-hydroxy-vitamin D, and parathyroid hormone levels; however, osteocalcin, C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen, and bone alkaline phosphatase levels were elevated. A bone mineral density scan showed T- and Z-scores of −2.5 and −2.7, respectively, and bisphosphonate treatment was initiated. Biopsy performed on the calcaneal lateral wall revealed inconclusive findings. Follow-up biopsy on the left distal radius was performed 7 years later to investigate wrist pain, and this examination led to a final diagnosis as PDB. We suggest inconclusive biopsy result during the early phase of PDB and highly recommend follow-up evaluation in osteoporosis with atypical behavior.


Assuntos
Adulto , Fosfatase Alcalina , Biópsia , Densidade Óssea , Cálcio , Colágeno Tipo I , Diagnóstico , Difosfonatos , Diagnóstico Precoce , Extremidades , Feminino , Seguimentos , Calcanhar , Humanos , Osteíte Deformante , Osteocalcina , Osteoporose , Hormônio Paratireóideo , Radiografia , Rádio (Anatomia) , Especialização , Punho
3.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 85-93, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-782119

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of FST gene on the inhibition of fibrosis in fibroblastic cells from scar tissue around repaired zone II flexor tendons.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was conducted on fibroblast cells transfected with adenovirus-LacZ (Ad-LacZ) as a marker gene (control), or with adenovirus-FST (Ad-FST) as a therapeutic gene. Fibroblast cultures without adenoviral exposure served as controls.RESULTS: Fibroblastic cells transfected with Ad-FST demonstrated significant decrease in collagen type I, MMP-1, MMP2, and α-SMA mRNA expressions compared to those transfected with Ad-LacZ. In addition, fibroblastic cells transfected with Ad-FST exhibited significant decrease in MMP-1, TIMP-1, fibronectin, PAI-1, TRPV4, α-SMA, desmin, and PAX7 protein expressions.CONCLUSION: Based on these findings, we conclude that FST may be a novel therapeutic strategy for preventing scar adhesions around repaired tendons by inhibiting fibroblasts from differentiating into myofibroblasts, in addition to producing type I collagen and regulating extracellular matrix turnover via the downregulation of MMP-1 and TIMP-1. FST may also decrease contracture of the scar by inhibiting Ca²⁺-dependent cell contraction.


Assuntos
Cicatriz , Colágeno Tipo I , Colágeno , Contratura , Desmina , Regulação para Baixo , Matriz Extracelular , Fibroblastos , Fibronectinas , Fibrose , Folistatina , Terapia Genética , Imuno-Histoquímica , Miofibroblastos , Inibidor 1 de Ativador de Plasminogênio , RNA Mensageiro , Traumatismos dos Tendões , Tendões , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1
4.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(11): e201901101, Nov. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-1054681

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To determine the efficacy of norbixin-based poly(hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) membranes for Achilles tendon repair. Methods: Thirty rats were submitted to total tenotomy surgery of the right Achilles tendon and divided into two groups (control and membrane; n = 15 each), which were further subdivided into three subgroups (days 7, 14, and 21; n = 5 each). Samples were analyzed histologically. Results: Histological analysis showed a significant reduction in inflammatory infiltrates on days 7, 14 (p < 0.0001 for both), and 21 (p = 0.0004) in the membrane group compared to that in the control group. There was also a significant decrease in the number of fibroblasts in the control group on days 7, 14 (p < 0.0001), and 21 (p = 0.0032). Further, an increase in type I collagen deposition was observed in the membrane group compared to that in the control group on days 7 (p = 0.0133) and 14 (p = 0.0107). Conclusion: Treatment with norbixin-based PHB membranes reduces the inflammatory response, increases fibroblast proliferation, and improves collagen production in the tendon repair region, especially between days 7 and 14.


Assuntos
Humanos , Animais , Masculino , Poliésteres/farmacologia , Tendão do Calcâneo/cirurgia , Tendão do Calcâneo/efeitos dos fármacos , Carotenoides/farmacologia , Tenotomia/métodos , Hidroxibutiratos/farmacologia , Valores de Referência , Regeneração/efeitos dos fármacos , Tendão do Calcâneo/patologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ratos Wistar , Colágeno Tipo I/análise , Colágeno Tipo I/efeitos dos fármacos , Colágeno Tipo III/análise , Colágeno Tipo III/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(3): 761-769, May-June 2019. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS (Américas), VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1011328

RESUMO

Os colágenos tipos I e III apresentam diferentes tonalidades de birrefringência em cortes histológicos corados com Picrosirius red e analisados em microscópio sob luz polarizada. Com base nessa propriedade, os colágenos podem ser quantificados por histomorfometria. Entretanto, são muitas as variáveis que podem afetar a distribuição das cores na imagem histológica, e a escolha adequada dos parâmetros de análise têm grande influência no resultado final. O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar a quantificação histomorfométrica de colágeno em pele equina pela morfometria por contagem de pontos e pela segmentação de cor com diversas configurações, a fim de se determinar o melhor método de avaliação. Para a morfometria por contagem de pontos, foram utilizadas três gratículas diferentes (391, 588 e 792 pontos de interseções) e, para a segmentação de cor, seis combinações de hue e brightness no software ImageJ. Os valores foram submetidos ao teste de Friedman, seguido pelo teste de Tukey com 5% de significância. Os resultados demonstraram que a quantificação dos colágenos na gratícula de 792 pontos foi equivalente aos resultados da segmentação de cor com brightness de 1-255 e hue de 0-42 e 43-120 para os colágenos tipos I e III, respectivamente. Dessa forma, conclui-se que a análise automática da segmentação de cor, utilizando configuração adequada para brightness e hue, pode substituir a morfometria por contagem de pontos de forma confiável e segura.(AU)


The types I and III collagens present different tonalities of birefringence in histological sections stained with Picrosirius red, that can be analyzed under a polarized light microscope. Based on this property, collagens can be quantified by histomorphometry. However, many variables can affect the color distribution in the histological image, and the appropriate choice of the analysis parameters have a significant influence on the final result. The objective of this study was to compare the histomorphometric quantification of collagen in the equine skin by counting points planimetry and color segmentation with different configurations to determine the best method of evaluation. For planimetry, three different graticules (391, 588 and 792 intersections) were used and, for color segmentation, six combinations of hue and brightness in ImageJ software. The values were submitted to the Friedman test followed by Tukey with 5% significance. The results showed that the quantification of collagens in the graticule of 792 intersections was equivalent to the results of color segmentation with a brightness of 1-255 and hue of 0-42 and 43-120 for collagens type I and III, respectively. Automatic analysis of the color segmentation, using suitable configuration for brightness and hue can replace the counting points planimetry reliably and safely.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Equidae , Colágeno Tipo I , Colágeno Tipo III , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/veterinária
6.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-763577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adequate bone formation around titanium alloy implants is integral to successful implantation surgery. Stem cell-coated implants may accelerate peri-implant bone formation. This study investigates the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) pretreatment on a titanium-alloy surface in terms of proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs). METHODS: Allogenic leukocyte-depleted PRP was obtained from blood supernatants. The hADSCs were isolated from thigh subcutaneous fat tissue. Grit-blasted titanium plugs were used in two different groups. In one group, 200 µL of PRP was added to the grit-blasted titanium plugs. The hADSCs were seeded in two groups: grit-blasted titanium plugs with or without PRP. The number of hADSCs was measured after 4 hours, 3 days, and 7 days of culture using Cell Counting Kit-8. Osteogenesis of hADSCs was measured by using an alkaline phosphatase activity assay on days 7 and 14, and a calcium assay on days 14 and 21. Osteogenic gene expression was measured by using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis of alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, and type I collagen mRNA. The microscopic morphology of grit-blasted titanium plugs with or without PRP was examined with a field-emission scanning electron microscope using a JSM-7401F apparatus on days 1 and 7. RESULTS: Proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of hADSCs were found to be significantly higher on the grit-blasted titanium alloy preprocessed with PRP than the same alloy without pretreatment. Furthermore, a structural fibrillar mesh developed compactly on the grit-blasted titanium alloy with the PRP pretreatment. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that a hADSC-based approach can be used for tissue-engineered peri-implant bone formation and that PRP pretreatment on the grit-blasted titanium alloy can improve proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of hADSCs.


Assuntos
Fosfatase Alcalina , Ligas , Cálcio , Contagem de Células , Colágeno Tipo I , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Osteocalcina , Osteogênese , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Transcrição Reversa , RNA Mensageiro , Células-Tronco , Gordura Subcutânea , Coxa da Perna , Titânio
7.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-786674

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In this study, we manufactured a complex of human nasal septal cartilage (hNC) with polycaprolactone (PCL) for transplantation into cartilaginous skeletal defects and evaluated their characteristics.METHODS: Nasal septum tissue was obtained from five patients aged ≥ 20 years who were undergoing septoplasty. hNCs were isolated and subcultured for three passages in vitro. To formulate the cell–PCL complex, we used type I collagen as an adhesive between chondrocyte and PCL. Immunofluorescence staining, cell viability and growth in the hNC–PCL complex, and mycoplasma contamination were assessed.RESULTS: hNCs in PCL showed viability ≥ 70% and remained at these levels for 9 h of incubation at 4 ℃. Immunostaining of the hNC–PCL complex also showed high expression levels of chondrocyte-specific protein, COL2A1, SOX9, and aggrecan during 24 h of clinically applicable conditions.CONCLUSION: The hNC–PCL complex may be a valuable therapeutic agent for implantation into injured cartilage tissue, and can be used clinically to repair cartilaginous skeletal defects. From a clinical perspective, it is important to set the short duration of the implantation process to achieve effective functional implantation.


Assuntos
Adesivos , Agrecanas , Cartilagem , Sobrevivência Celular , Condrócitos , Colágeno , Colágeno Tipo I , Imunofluorescência , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Mycoplasma , Septo Nasal , Engenharia Tecidual
8.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-786093

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the effects of adding intravenous pamidronate to ongoing menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) on bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal Korean women with low BMD.METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 74 postmenopausal women who received MHT for at least 1 year and had a BMD T-score of less than −2.0. Maintaining the same MHT regimen, these women were divided into two groups: oral placebo group (n = 44) and a pamidronate group of patients with gastrointestinal discomfort (n = 30) who received 15–30 mg pamidronate intravenously every 3–12 months. BMD was reviewed at 12-month follow-up. Bone resorption markers in both groups, urinary deoxypyridinoline levels in the placebo group, and serum N-telopeptide of type I collagen in the pamidronate group were assessed at 6 and 12 months.RESULTS: At baseline, the body mass index (BMI), duration of previous MHT, and femur neck (FN) BMD differed between the groups. Within-group analysis revealed that BMD of the lumbar spine (LS) and total hip (TH) significantly increased in the placebo group, whereas those of the LS, FN, and TH increased in the pamidronate group. The increase in BMD of LS was significantly greater in the pamidronate group, after adjusting for BMI and duration of previous MHT (mean change: 3.7% vs. 6.2%; P < 0.001). There were no changes in bone resorption markers in either group.CONCLUSIONS: Adding intravenous pamidronate to ongoing MHT for 12 months might increase LS BMD in postmenopausal Korean women with low BMD.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Densidade Óssea , Reabsorção Óssea , Estudos de Coortes , Colágeno Tipo I , Feminino , Colo do Fêmur , Seguimentos , Quadril , Terapia de Reposição Hormonal , Humanos , Osteoporose , Pós-Menopausa , Estudos Retrospectivos , Coluna Vertebral
9.
Journal of Bone Metabolism ; : 213-224, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-785910

RESUMO

Current evidences continue to support the clinical application of bone turnover markers (BTMs) in the management of postmenopausal osteoporosis. The limitations of bone mineral density measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiomet especially emphasize the beneficial roles of BTMs, such as serum C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen and serum procollagen type I N-propeptide, as monitoring tools to assess the responses to treatment. Therefore, the proper application and assessment of BTM in clinical practice is very important. However, their use in Korea is still insufficient. Therefore, the BTM committee has set up by the Korean Society for Bone and Mineral Research have been constituted and provided a position statement which will suggest on the clinical application of BTM for the management of postmenopausal osteoporosis in Korea.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Remodelação Óssea , Colágeno Tipo I , Feminino , Humanos , Coreia (Geográfico) , Mineradores , Osteoporose , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa , República da Coreia
10.
Journal of Bone Metabolism ; : 271-277, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-785904

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There has been interest in the clinical potential of bone turnover markers (BTMs) as tools both for assessing fracture risk and for monitoring treatment. However, the practical use of BTMs has been limited by their biological variability and difficulties in the interpretation of results. We investigated the current situation of application of BTMs by clinicians in Korea for the management of osteoporosis through a survey asking the patterns of BTMs prescription in clinical practice.METHODS: The survey was conducted online using the “google survey” by the BTM committee authorized by the Korean Society for Bone and Mineral Research.RESULTS: Total 108 clinicians responded the survey. Most of the respondents prescribed BTMs (80.6%) when they prescribed anti-osteoporotic medications (AOMs). The most frequently prescribed bone resorption and formation markers were serum C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (90.7%) and osteocalcin (65.1%), respectively. BTMs were mostly prescribed before starting AOMs (90.8%) and used for the purpose of evaluating treatment response (74.4%). Treatment response and compliance to AOMs were evaluated according to the change of absolute value of BTMs (55.1%). The respondents complained difficulties in the interpretation of BTMs (33.3%), the choice of proper BTMs (17.2%), and the proper sample preparation and handling (13.8%).CONCLUSIONS: In Korea, most of clinicians recognized the benefit of BTMs in the management of osteoporosis. However, there are limitations in the broad use of these markers in clinical practice. Therefore, a clear recommendation for BTM in Korea enhances their use in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Remodelação Óssea , Reabsorção Óssea , Colágeno Tipo I , Complacência (Medida de Distensibilidade) , Coreia (Geográfico) , Mineradores , Osteocalcina , Osteoporose , Prescrições , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-776601

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides (GL-PS) on human fibroblasts and skin wound healing in Kunming male mice and to explore the putative molecular mechanism.@*METHODS@#Primary human skin fibroblasts were cultured. The viability of fibroblasts treated with 0, 10, 20, 40, 80, and 160 μg/mL of GL-PS, respectively were detected by 3-4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl-2,5-diphenyl-2-Htetrazolium bromide (MTT). The migration ability of fibroblasts treated with 0, 10, 20, and 40 μg/mL of GL-PS were measured by transwell assay. The secretion of the C-terminal peptide of procollagen type I (CICP) and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) in the cell supernatant was tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The expression of β-catenin was detected by Western blot. Furthermore, the Kunming mouse model with full-layer skin resection trauma was established, and was treated with 10, 20, and 40 mg/mL of GL-PS, respectively as external use. The size of the wound was measured daily, complete healing time in each group was recorded and the percentage of wound contraction was calculated.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, 10, 20, and 40 μg/mL of GL-PS significantly increased the viability of fibroblasts, promoted the migration ability of fibroblasts, and up-regulated the expressions of CICP and TGF-β1 in fibroblasts (Plt;0.05 or Plt;0.01). The expression of β-catenin in fibroblasts treated with 20 and 40 μg/mL of GL-PS was significantly higher than that of the control group (Plt;0.01). Furthermore, after external use of 10, 20, and 40 mg/mL of GL-PS, the rates of wound healing in mice were significantly higher and the wound healing time was significantly less than the control group (Plt;0.05 or Plt;0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#A certain concentration of GL-PS may promote wound healing via activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and up-regulation of TGF-β1, which might serve as a promising source of skin wound healing.


Assuntos
Animais , Movimento Celular , Sobrevivência Celular , Células Cultivadas , Colágeno Tipo I , Fibroblastos , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Polissacarídeos , Farmacologia , Reishi , Química , Pele , Ferimentos e Lesões , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1 , Fisiologia , Cicatrização , beta Catenina , Fisiologia
12.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-775080

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of low-concentration paclitaxel (PTX) on transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)-induced collagen deposition outside rat pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) and related mechanism.@*METHODS@#Primary rat PASMCs were divided into a blank control group (n=3), a model group (n=3), and a drug intervention group (n=3). No treatment was given for the blank control group. The model group was treated with TGF-β1 with a final concentration of 10 ng/mL. The drug intervention group was treated with PTX with a final concentration of 100 nmol/L in addition to the treatment in the model group. MTT colorimetry was used to measure cell proliferation. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the relative mRNA expression of collagen type I (COL-I) and collagen type III (COL-III). ELISA was used to measure the OD value of COL-I and COL-III proteins. Western blot was used to measure the relative protein expression of COL-I, COL-III, and the key proteins of the TGF-β1/Smad3 signaling pathway (Smad3 and p-Smad3).@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank control group, the model group had significant increases in proliferation ability, relative mRNA and protein expression of COL-I and COL-III, and relative protein expression of p-Smad3 (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Low-concentration PTX exerts a marked inhibitory effect on TGF-β1-induced collagen deposition outside PASMCs, possibly by regulating the phosphorylation of Smad3 protein.


Assuntos
Animais , Colágeno , Colágeno Tipo I , Miócitos de Músculo Liso , Paclitaxel , Artéria Pulmonar , Ratos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1
13.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-760730

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To reassess the safety and efficacy of once-weekly teriparatide 56.5 mg in osteoporosis patients with a high fracture risk. METHODS: This postmarketing observational study was conducted at 72 weeks according to the package insert. Of the 3573 Japanese osteoporosis patients in the safety analysis set, 91.80% were women, the mean age was 78.1 years, and 69.89% had a history of prevalent fragility fractures, indicating that a high proportion of patients at high risk of fracture were enrolled. RESULTS: Persistence with weekly teriparatide treatment was 59.36%, and 38.95% at 24 and 72 weeks, respectively. Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) were reported in 898 patients (25.13%), and serious ADRs were reported in 26 patients (0.73%). The most frequent ADRs were nausea, vomiting, and headache. The cumulative incidence of new vertebral fractures 72 weeks after the start of treatment was 3.31%. Increases in the bone mineral density were observed in the lumbar spine, femoral neck, and proximal femur. The serum levels of the bone formation markers, procollagen type I N-terminal propeptide and bone-type alkaline phosphatase, increased slightly at 24 weeks and then decreased to baseline levels. At 24 and 72 weeks, the bone resorption markers, serum cross-linked N-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen and urinary cross-linked N-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen, were the same as or slightly lower than at baseline. Visual analogue scale scores for low back pain also decreased. CONCLUSIONS: The present results showed that once-weekly teriparatide may also be useful for osteoporosis patients with a high risk of fracture.


Assuntos
Fosfatase Alcalina , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Biomarcadores , Densidade Óssea , Reabsorção Óssea , Colágeno Tipo I , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Feminino , Fêmur , Colo do Fêmur , Cefaleia , Humanos , Incidência , Dor Lombar , Náusea , Estudo Observacional , Osteogênese , Osteoporose , Rotulagem de Produtos , Coluna Vertebral , Teriparatida , Vômito
14.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-760728

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We examined whether eldecalcitol (ELD) provided additive bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover marker gains in patients undergoing long-term bisphosphonate (BP) usage, especially in osteoporotic individuals exhibiting a poor response to BPs. METHODS: Forty-two post-menopausal patients with primary osteoporosis and low lumbar BMD (L-BMD) and/or bilateral total hip BMD (H-BMD) values receiving long-term BP treatment were prospectively enrolled. Serum bone alkaline phosphatase (BAP) was measured as a bone formation marker and urinary N-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (NTX) was assessed as a bone resorption marker. L-BMD, H-BMD, and femoral neck BMD (N-BMD) were recorded before, at the commencement of, and during ELD administration. RESULTS: BAP and urinary NTX were significantly decreased by BP therapy prior to ELD. ELD addition further significantly decreased the bone turnover markers (both p < 0.01). The mean L-BMD increase rate was 0.2% (p = 0.81) from 2 to 1 years before ELD administration, −0.7% (p = 0.30) during the year before ELD, and 2.9% (p < 0.01) during 1 year of ELD. Similar findings were observed for the mean increase rate of H-BMD, with values of 0.2% (p = 0.55), −0.7% (p < 0.01), and 1.2% (p < 0.01), respectively. The mean N-BMD increase rate was significantly increased after ELD administration (1.1%, p = 0.03) despite no gains by BP therapy alone. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that ELD addition may be useful for osteoporotic patients exhibiting a diminished long-term BP therapy response.


Assuntos
Fosfatase Alcalina , Densidade Óssea , Remodelação Óssea , Reabsorção Óssea , Colágeno Tipo I , Colo do Fêmur , Quadril , Humanos , Osteogênese , Osteoporose , Estudos Prospectivos
15.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 208-214, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-760571

RESUMO

Trigonella foenum-graceum L. (fenugreek) is a phytoestrogen, a nonsteroidal organic chemical compound from plants which has similar mechanism of action to sex hormone estradiol-17β. This study aims to assess the effectivity of fenugreek seeds extract on collagen type I alpha 1 (COL1A1) and collagen type III alpha 1 (COL3A1) which are both decreased in aging skin and become worsen after menopause. This in vitro experimental study used old human dermal fibroblast from leftover tissue of blepharoplasty on a postmenopausal woman (old HDF). As a control of the fenugreek's ability to trigger collagen production, we used fibroblast from preputium (young HDF). Subsequent to fibroblast isolation and culture, toxicity test was conducted on both old and young HDF by measuring cell viability on fenugreek extract with the concentration of 5 mg/mL to 1.2 µg/mL which will be tested on both HDF to examine COL1A1 and COL3A1 using ELISA, compared to no treatment and 5 nM estradiol. Old HDF showed a 4 times slower proliferation compared to young HDF (p<0.05). Toxicity test revealed fenugreek concentration of 0.5 – 2 µg/mL was non-toxic to both old and young HDF. The most significant fenugreek concentration to increase COL1A1 and COL3A1 secretion was 2 µg/mL (p<0.05).


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Blefaroplastia , Sobrevivência Celular , Colágeno Tipo I , Colágeno Tipo III , Colágeno , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Estradiol , Feminino , Fibroblastos , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Menopausa , Fitoestrógenos , Pele , Testes de Toxicidade , Trigonella
16.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-766107

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Increased bone regeneration has been achieved through the use of stem cells in combination with graft material. However, the survival of transplanted stem cells remains a major concern. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the viability of transplanted mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) at an early time point (24 hours) based on the type and form of the scaffold used, including type I collagen membrane and synthetic bone. METHODS: The stem cells were obtained from the periosteum of the otherwise healthy dental patients. Four symmetrical circular defects measuring 6 mm in diameter were made in New Zealand white rabbits using a trephine drill. The defects were grafted with 1) synthetic bone (β-tricalcium phosphate/hydroxyapatite [β-TCP/HA]) and 1×105 MSCs, 2) collagen membrane and 1×105 MSCs, 3) β-TCP/HA+collagen membrane and 1×105 MSCs, or 4) β-TCP/HA, a chipped collagen membrane and 1×105 MSCs. Cellular viability and the cell migration rate were analyzed. RESULTS: Cells were easily separated from the collagen membrane, but not from synthetic bone. The number of stem cells attached to synthetic bone in groups 1, 3, and 4 seemed to be similar. Cellular viability in group 2 was significantly higher than in the other groups (P0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that stem cells can be applied when a membrane is used as a scaffold under no or minimal pressure. When space maintenance is needed, stem cells can be loaded onto synthetic bone with a chipped membrane to enhance the survival rate.


Assuntos
Regeneração Óssea , Transplante Ósseo , Movimento Celular , Sobrevivência Celular , Colágeno , Colágeno Tipo I , Humanos , Membranas , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Periósteo , Coelhos , Mantenedor de Espaço em Ortodontia , Células-Tronco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Tecidos Suporte , Transplantes
17.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-819051

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of bilateral superior cervical sympathetic ganglion occlusion (SCG) on aortic dissection and its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Forty-five SD rats were randomly divided into three groups with 15 in each:blank control group, sham operation group and SCG group. β-aminopropione (666 mg·kg·d) was given by subcutaneous injection for 4 weeks to establish the aortic dissection model. Rats in SCG group were given SCG before the injection of β-aminopropione. Blood pressure and heart rate of the rats were monitored using noninvasive tail artery blood pressure measuring instrument; sympathetic activity was monitored using drug block method; the structure of aortic wall was observed using HE staining; collagen fibers in aortic wall was observed using Sirius red staining; protein expression of Apelin was detected by immunohistochemistry; and the protein expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, 9 was detected by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#During the experiment, the body mass of the sham operation group and SCG group was smaller than that of the blank control group (all <0.05), and the body mass of the SCG group was larger than that of the sham operation group (all <0.05). The heart rate and sympathetic activity of the sham operation group were higher than those of the blank control group (all <0.05), while the SCG group were lower (all <0.05). Compared with the blank control group, the aortic wall in the sham operation group was thickening, while that in the SCG group was improved. A large number of collagen-1 in the aortic wall of the blank control group was stained brown by Sirius red, which was lighter in SCG group, and the staining in the sham operation group was the lightest. Compared with the blank control group, the expression of Apelin, MMP-2 and MMP-9 protein in the sham operation group increased (all <0.05), while those in the SCG group decreased (all <0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#SCG can effectively reduce the incidence and mortality of aortic dissection in rats, which may be related to the inhibition of sympathetic activity and the decrease of collagen-1, Apelin, MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Patologia , Cirurgia Geral , Animais , Aorta , Patologia , Colágeno Tipo I , Gânglios Simpáticos , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
18.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-781680

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the level of serum N-terminal propeptide of type I precollagen (PINP) and tartrate resistant acid phosphatase 5b(TRACP-5b) in patients with femoral neck fracture(FNF) after minimally invasive anterior lateral approach with total hip arthroplasty and the effects of hip function.@*METHODS@#From September 2016 to May 2017, 98 cases of femoral neck fracture were divided into control group and observation group, 49 cases in each group. There were 49 patients in control group, including 30 males and 19 females, ranging in age from 63 to 72 years old, who underwent minimally invasive anterolateral total hip arthroplasty. There were 49 patients in observation group, including 29 males and 20 females, ranging in age from 62 to 73 years old, who underwent minimally invasive anterolateral total hip arthroplasty. The perioperative conditions(operation time, bleeding volume, incision length, hospitalization time), bone metabolism indexes including PINP, TRACP-5b, fibroblast growth factor(FGF), bone gla-protein(BGP), propetide carboxy-terminal procollagen (PICP), bone-specific alkaline phosphatase(BAP), and pain mediators such as prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and 5-hydroxytrytamine (5-HT) levels were compared between the two groups. The hip joint function and complications were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The operation time of the observation group was longer than that of the control group(0.05). PINP, fibroblast growth factor, BGP, PICP and BAP in observation group were higher than those in control group 1 month after operation, and TRACP-5b was lower than those in control group(0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Minimally invasive anterolateral approach total hip arthroplasty is safe and reliable, and can improve hip function, improve bone metabolism, promote fracture healing, alleviate pain in patients with femoral neck fracture, which is worthy of promotion.


Assuntos
Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril , Colágeno Tipo I , Feminino , Fraturas do Colo Femoral , Cirurgia Geral , Articulação do Quadril , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Fosfatase Ácida Resistente a Tartarato , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-773388

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#Silicosis, caused by inhalation of silica dust, is the most serious occupational disease in China and the aim of present study was to explore the protective effect of Ang (1-7) on silicotic fibrosis and myofibroblast differentiation induced by Ang II.@*METHODS@#HOPE-MED 8050 exposure control apparatus was used to establish the rat silicosis model. Pathological changes and collagen deposition of the lung tissue were examined by H.E. and VG staining, respectively. The localizations of ACE2 and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) in the lung were detected by immunohistochemistry. Expression levels of collagen type I, α-SMA, ACE2, and Mas in the lung tissue and fibroblasts were examined by western blot. Levels of ACE2, Ang (1-7), and Ang II in serum were determined by ELISA. Co-localization of ACE2 and α-SMA in fibroblasts was detected by immunofluorescence.@*RESULTS@#Ang (1-7) induced pathological changes and enhanced collagen deposition in vivo. Ang (1-7) decreased the expressions of collagen type I and α-SMA and increased the expressions of ACE2 and Mas in the silicotic rat lung tissue and fibroblasts stimulated by Ang II. Ang (1-7) increased the levels of ACE2 and Ang (1-7) and decreased the level of Ang II in silicotic rat serum. A779 enhanced the protective effect of Ang (1-7) in fibroblasts stimulated by Ang II.@*CONCLUSION@#Ang (1-7) exerted protective effect on silicotic fibrosis and myofibroblast differentiation induced by Ang II by regulating ACE2-Ang (1-7)-Mas axis.


Assuntos
Actinas , Metabolismo , Angiotensina I , Sangue , Farmacologia , Angiotensina II , Sangue , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Colágeno Tipo I , Metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Pulmão , Metabolismo , Patologia , Miofibroblastos , Fragmentos de Peptídeos , Sangue , Farmacologia , Peptidil Dipeptidase A , Metabolismo , Ratos Wistar , Silicose , Metabolismo , Patologia
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 145-153, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-772868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND@#Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), a heritable bone fragility disorder, is mainly caused by mutations in COL1A1 gene encoding α1 chain of type I collagen. This study aimed to investigate the COL1A1 mutation spectrum and quantitatively assess the genotype-phenotype relationship in a large cohort of Chinese patients with OI.@*METHODS@#A total of 161 patients who were diagnosed as OI in Department of Endocrinology of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2010 to December 2017 were included in the study. The COL1A1 mutation spectrum was identified by next generation sequencing and confirmed by Sanger sequencing. A new clinical scoring system was developed to quantitatively assess the clinical severity of OI and the genotype-phenotype relationship was analyzed. The independent sample t-test, analysis of variance, Mann-Whitney U-test, Chi-squared test, Pearson correlation, and multiple linear regression were applied for statistical analyses.@*RESULTS@#Among 161 patients with OI, 32.9% missense mutations, 16.8% non-sense mutations, 24.2% splice-site mutations, 24.8% frameshift mutations, and 1.2% whole-gene deletions were identified, of which 38 variations were novel. These mutations led to 53 patients carrying qualitative defects and 67 patients carrying quantitative defects in type I collagen. Compared to patients with quantitative mutations, patients with qualitative mutations had lower alkaline phosphatase level (296 [132, 346] U/L vs. 218 [136, 284] U/L, P = 0.009) and higher clinical score (12.2 ± 5.3 vs. 7.4 ± 2.4, P < 0.001), denoting more severe phenotypes including shorter stature, lower bone mineral density, higher fracture frequency, more bone deformity, vertebral compressive fractures, limited movement, and dentinogenesis imperfecta (DI). Patients would not present with DI if the glycine substitutions happened before the 79th amino acid in triple helix of α1 chains.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This presented distinctive COL1A1 mutation spectrum in a large cohort of Chinese patients with OI. This new quantitative analysis of genotype-phenotype correlation would be helpful to predict the prognosis of OI and genetic counseling.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Colágeno Tipo I , Genética , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Genética , Osteogênese Imperfeita , Genética , Patologia , Adulto Jovem
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