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Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(1): 34-38, mar. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-1102292


Las mujeres han sido tratadas por décadas con testosterona intentando aliviar una gran variedad de síntomas con riesgos y beneficios inciertos. En la mayoría de los países, la testosterona se prescribe "off-label", de modo que las mujeres están utilizando compuestos y dosis ideadas para tratamientos en hombres. En este sentido, varias sociedades médicas de distintos continentes adoptaron recientemente por consenso una toma de posición sobre los beneficios y potenciales riesgos de la terapia con testosterona en la mujer, explorar las áreas de incertidumbre e identificar prácticas de prescripción con potencial de causar daño. Las recomendaciones con respecto a los beneficios y riesgos de la terapia con testosterona se basan en los resultados de ensayos clínicos controlados con placebo de al menos 12 semanas de duración. A continuación se comentan las recomendaciones. (AU)

There are currently no clear established indications for testosterone replacement therapy for women. Nonetheless, clinicians have been treating women with testosterone to alleviate a variety of symptoms for decades with uncertainty regarding its benefits and risks. In most countries, testosterone therapy is prescribed off-label, which means that women are using testosterone formulations or compounds approved for men with a modified dose for women. Due to these issues, there was a need for a global Consensus Position Statement on testosterone therapy for women based on the available evidence from placebo randomized controlled trials (RCTs). This Position Statement was developed to inform health care professionals about the benefits and potential risks of testosterone therapy intended for women. The aim of the Consensus was to provide clear guidance as to which women might benefit from testosterone therapy; to identify symptoms, signs, and certain conditions for which the evidence does not support the prescription of testosterone; to explore areas of uncertainty, and to identify any prescribing practices that have the potential to cause harm. (AU)

Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Testosterona/uso terapêutico , Pós-Menopausa/efeitos dos fármacos , Depressores do Apetite/efeitos adversos , Fenitoína/efeitos adversos , Placebos/administração & dosagem , Psicotrópicos/efeitos adversos , Tamoxifeno/efeitos adversos , Testosterona/administração & dosagem , Testosterona/análise , Testosterona/efeitos adversos , Testosterona/farmacologia , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Indometacina/efeitos adversos , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/efeitos adversos , Pós-Menopausa/fisiologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados como Assunto , Antagonistas Colinérgicos/efeitos adversos , Anticoncepcionais Orais/efeitos adversos , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/etiologia , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/terapia , Danazol/efeitos adversos , Consenso , Inibidores da Aromatase/efeitos adversos , Uso Off-Label , Inibidores do Fator Xa/efeitos adversos , Anfetaminas/efeitos adversos , Antagonistas dos Receptores Histamínicos/efeitos adversos , Antagonistas de Androgênios/efeitos adversos , Androgênios/fisiologia , Cetoconazol/efeitos adversos , Entorpecentes/efeitos adversos
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-816632


Adrenal masses are mainly detected unexpectedly by an imaging study performed for reasons unrelated to any suspect of adrenal diseases. Such masses are commonly defined as “adrenal incidentalomas” and represent a public health challenge because they are increasingly recognized in current medical practice. Management of adrenal incidentalomas is currently matter of debate. Although there is consensus on the need of a multidisciplinary expert team evaluation and surgical approach in patients with significant hormonal excess and/or radiological findings suspicious of malignancy demonstrated at the diagnosis or during follow-up, the inconsistency between official guidelines and the consequent diffuse uncertainty on management of small adrenal incidentalomas still represents a considerable problem in terms of clinical choices in real practice. The aim of the present work is to review the proposed strategies on how to manage patients with adrenal incidentalomas that are not candidates to immediate surgery. The recent European Society of Endocrinology/European Network for the Study of Adrenal Tumors guidelines have supported the view to avoid surveillance in patients with clear benign adrenal lesions <4 cm and/or without any hormonal secretion; however, newer prospective studies are needed to confirm safety of this strategy, in particular in younger patients.

Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais , Consenso , Síndrome de Cushing , Diagnóstico , Endocrinologia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Administração da Prática Médica , Estudos Prospectivos , Saúde Pública , Incerteza
Artigo em Coreano | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-811294


E-cigarettes, or electronic nicotine delivery systems, are popular among smokers who are looking for a less harmful alternative to conventional tobacco, and the use of e-cigarettes is affected by existing tobacco control policies. E-cigarettes, which are electronic devices designed to allow the user to inhale nicotine as a vapor, are controversial in terms of their harm reduction claims as it can undermine existing tobacco control policies and has the potential to re-normalize smoking behavior. Currently, many of the chemicals used in e-cigarettes have not been comprehensively disclosed, and there is no adequate data on their emissions. Furthermore, the benefits of e-cigarettes have not been adequately shown. To date, a small number of studies have evaluated e-cigarettes as a harm reduction and cessation aid and have found conflicting findings. Meanwhile, e-cigarette or vaping product use associated lung injury has been identified, and an increased use of e-cigarettes in the youth has also been reported recently in the United States. These raise a great social concern around how to regulate e-cigarettes for the protection of public health. A range of current and proposed legislative and regulatory options exists. Some countries have banned e-cigarettes entirely, while others are ready to regulate e-cigarettes as a type of medicine. A lack of consensus on whether e-cigarettes facilitate or threaten existing tobacco control strategies is driving a discussion on how to regulate e-cigarettes in terms of the protection of public health.

Adolescente , Consenso , Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina , Redução do Dano , Humanos , Lesão Pulmonar , Nicotina , Saúde Pública , Fumaça , Fumar , Tabaco , Estados Unidos
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-782496


Frailty is defined as a reduced physiologic reserve vulnerable to external stressors. For older individuals, frailty plays a decisive role in increasing adverse health outcomes in most clinical situations. Many tools or criteria have been introduced to define frailty in recent years, and the definition of frailty has gradually converged into several consensuses. Frail older adults often have multi-domain risk factors in terms of physical, psychological, and social health. Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) is the process of identifying and quantifying frailty by examining various risky domains and body functions, which is the basis for geriatric medicine and research. CGA provides physicians with information on the reversible area of frailty and the leading cause of deterioration in frail older adults. Therefore frailty assessment based on understanding CGA and its relationship with frailty, can help establish treatment strategies and intervention in frail older adults. This review article summarizes the recent consensus and evidence of frailty and CGA.

Idoso , Consenso , Idoso Fragilizado , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-782477


BACKGROUND: There has been no consensus regarding the discontinuation order of vasopressors in patients recovering from septic shock treated with concomitant norepinephrine (NE) and arginine vasopressin (AVP). The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of hypotension within 24 hours based on whether NE or AVP was discontinued first in order to determine the optimal sequence for discontinuation of vasopressors.METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register. The primary end-point was incidence of hypotension within 24 hours after discontinuation of the first vasopressor.RESULTS: We identified five studies comprising 930 patients, of whom 631 (67.8%) discontinued NE first and 299 (32.2%) discontinued AVP first. In pooled estimates, a random-effect model showed that discontinuation of NE first was associated with a significant reduction of the incidence of hypotension compared to discontinuing AVP first (31.8% vs. 54.8%; risk ratios, 0.35; 95% confidence interval, 0.16 to 0.76; P = 0.008; I² = 90.7%). Although a substantial degree of heterogeneity existed among the trials, we could not identify the significant source of bias. In addition, there were no significant differences in intensive care unit (ICU) mortality, in-hospital mortality, 28-day mortality, or ICU length of stay between the groups.CONCLUSION: Discontinuing NE prior to AVP was associated with a lower incidence of hypotension in patients recovering from septic shock. However, our results should be interpreted with caution, due to the considerable between-study heterogeneity.

Arginina Vasopressina , Arginina , Viés , Consenso , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Hipotensão , Incidência , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Tempo de Internação , Mortalidade , Norepinefrina , Razão de Chances , Características da População , Sepse , Choque Séptico , Resultado do Tratamento , Vasoconstritores
Artigo em Coreano | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-782252


The standardization committee of the Korean Society for Laboratory Hematology revised laboratory testing guidelines in order that hematologic neoplasms could be diagnosed according to the revised 4th edition of WHO classification of tumors of haematopoietic and lymphoid tissues. The new guidelines were revised based on an extensive review of international guidelines that included the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Guidelines, and European LeukemiaNet recommendations that are based on the revised WHO classification. We expect that the newly revised guidelines will improve clinical decisions, standardize laboratory tests, and enhance the development of new molecular technologies that are integrated into diagnostic algorithms via ongoing consensus initiatives.

Classificação , Consenso , Diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hematológicas , Hematologia , Tecido Linfoide
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-811152


The safety of metformin use for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and advanced kidney disease is controversial, and more recent guidelines have suggested that metformin be used cautiously in this group until more definitive evidence concerning its safety is available. The Korean Diabetes Association and the Korean Society of Nephrology have agreed on consensus statements concerning metformin use for patients with T2DM and renal dysfunction, particularly when these patients undergo imaging studies using iodinated contrast media (ICM). Metformin can be used safely when the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is ≥45 mL/min/1.73 m². If the eGFR is between 30 and 44 mL/min/1.73 m², metformin treatment should not be started. If metformin is already in use, a daily dose of ≤1,000 mg is recommended. Metformin is contraindicated when the eGFR is <30 mL/min/1.73 m². Renal function should be evaluated prior to any ICM-related procedures. During procedures involving intravenous administration of ICM, metformin should be discontinued starting the day of the procedures and up to 48 hours post-procedures if the eGFR is <60 mL/min/1.73 m².

Administração Intravenosa , Consenso , Meios de Contraste , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Nefropatias , Metformina , Nefrologia , Insuficiência Renal , Insuficiência Renal Crônica
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-811129


There is no clear consensus on the optimal treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture. Recently, studies have demonstrated the critical role of functional rehabilitation in the treatment of ruptured Achilles tendons. Hence, conservative treatment is preferred by a growing number of surgeons seeking to treat the condition without the risk of complications from surgery. However, operative treatment is still considered as a more reliable treatment option for acute Achilles tendon rupture. In this review article, we provide an overview of recent treatment strategies for acute rupture of the Achilles tendon.

Tendão do Calcâneo , Consenso , Reabilitação , Ruptura , Cirurgiões
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-811121


BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to identify a consensus on definition, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of frozen shoulder (FS) among shoulder specialists.METHODS: A questionnaire composed of 18 questions about FS—definition, classification, utilization of diagnostic modalities, the propriety of treatment at each stage, and prognosis—was sent to 95 shoulder specialists in Korea. Most questions (15 questions) required an answer on a 5-point analog scale (1, strongly disagree; 5, strongly agree); three questions about the propriety of treatment were binary.RESULTS: We received 71 responses (74.7%). Of the 71 respondents, 84.5% agreed with the proposed definition of FS, and 88.8% agreed that FS should be divided into primary and secondary types according to the proposed definition. Only 43.7% of the respondents agreed that FS in patients with systemic disease should be classified as secondary FS. For the diagnosis of FS, 71.9% agreed that plain radiography should be used and 64.8% agreed ultrasonography should be used. There was a high consensus on proper treatment of FS: 97.2% agreed on education, 94.4%, on the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; 76.1%, on intra-articular steroid injections; and 97.2%, on stretching exercise. Among all respondents, 22.5% answered that more than 10% of the patients with FS do not respond to conservative treatment.CONCLUSIONS: The survey revealed a general consensus among shoulder specialists on the definition and treatment of FS. However, classification of FS was found controversial.

Bursite , Classificação , Consenso , Diagnóstico , Educação , Humanos , Coreia (Geográfico) , Prognóstico , Radiografia , Ombro , Especialização , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ultrassonografia
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-786147


Biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) are highly effective agents for the treatment of inflammatory arthritis; however, they also possess a potential risk for serious infection. Recently, with the rapid expansion of the bDMARDs market in Korea, reports of serious adverse events related to the agents have also increased, necessitating guidance for the use of bDMARDs. Current work entitled, “Expert Consensus for the Use of bDMARDs Drugs for Inflammatory Arthritis in Korea,” is the first to describe the appropriate use of bDMARDs in the management of inflammatory arthritis in Korea, with an aim to provide guidance for the local medical community to improve the quality of clinical care. Twelve consensus statements regarding the use of bDMARDs for the management of rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis were generated. In this review, we provide detailed guidance on bDMARDs use based on expert consensus, including who should prescribe, the role of education, indications for use, and monitoring strategies for safety.

Antirreumáticos , Artrite , Artrite Reumatoide , Consenso , Educação , Coreia (Geográfico) , Espondilite Anquilosante
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-785435


PURPOSE: The risk of posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) after right hepatectomy remains substantial. Additional parameters such as computed tomography volumetry, liver stiffness measurement by FibroScan, indocyanine green retention rate at 15 minutes, and platelet count used to properly assess future liver remnant volume quality and quantity are of the utmost importance. Thus, we compared the usefulness of these modalities for predicting PHLF among patients with hepatocellular carcinoma after right hepatectomy.METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent right hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma between 2007 and 2013. PHLF was determined according to International Study Group of Liver Surgery consensus definition and severity grading. Grades B and C were defined as clinically relevant posthepatectomy liver failure (CRPHLF). The results were internally validated using a cohort of 97 patients.RESULTS: Among the 90 included patients, 15 (16.7%) had CRPHLF. Multivariate analysis confirmed that platelet count < 140 (109/L) (hazard ratio [HR], 24.231; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.623–161.693; P = 0.001) and remnant liver volume-to-body weight (RVL/BW) ratio < 0.55 (HR, 25.600; 95% CI, 4.185–156.590; P < 0.001) were independent predictors of CRPHLF. Among the 12 patients with a platelet count < 140 (109/L) and RLV/BW ratio < 0.55, 9 (75%) had CRPHLF. Likewise, 5 of 38 (13.2%) with only one risk factor developed CRPHL versus 1 of 40 (2.5%) with no risk factors. These findings were confirmed by the validation cohort.CONCLUSION: RLV/BW ratio and platelet count are more important than the conventional RLV/TFLV, indocyanine green retention rate at 15 minutes, and liver stiffness measurement in the preoperative risk assessment for CRPHLF.

Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Estudos de Coortes , Consenso , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina , Falência Hepática , Fígado , Análise Multivariada , Contagem de Plaquetas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-785344


The current document is based on a consensus reached by a panel of experts from the Chinese Society of Allergy and the Chinese Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Rhinology Group. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) affects approximately 8% of Chinese adults. The inflammatory and remodeling mechanisms of CRS in the Chinese population differ from those observed in the populations of European descent. Recently, precision medicine has been used to treat inflammation by targeting key biomarkers that are involved in the process. However, there are no CRS guidelines or a consensus available from China that can be shared with the international academia. The guidelines presented in this paper cover the epidemiology, economic burden, genetics and epigenetics, mechanisms, phenotypes and endotypes, diagnosis and differential diagnosis, management, and the current status of CRS in China. These guidelines—with a focus on China—will improve the abilities of clinical and medical staff during the treatment of CRS. Additionally, they will help international agencies in improving the verification of CRS endotypes, mapping of eosinophilic shifts, the identification of suitable biomarkers for endotyping, and predicting responses to therapies. In conclusion, these guidelines will help select therapies, such as pharmacotherapy, surgical approaches and innovative biotherapeutics, which are tailored to each of the individual CRS endotypes.

Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Biomarcadores , China , Consenso , Diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Tratamento Farmacológico , Eosinófilos , Epidemiologia , Epigenômica , Genética , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade , Inflamação , Agências Internacionais , Corpo Clínico , Pescoço , Fenótipo , Medicina de Precisão
Rev. Asoc. Méd. Argent ; 132(4): 9-14, dic. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-1087165


Obligatoriedad de investigar el uso de alcohol y drogas en todo el personal de áreas vinculadas al transporte de pasajeros, sea cual fuere el medio de transporte. El resultado obligatorio requerido debe ser cero alcohol y test de drogas negativos. Luego de la existencia del consentimiento informado y explicitación de la política en la materia, el personal con una toma positiva de alcohol o drogas será retirado definitivamente de su función. (AU)

Mandatory requirement to investigate the use of alcohol and drugs in all personnel working in areas related to all passenger transportation. The mandatory required result should be "0" alcohol and negative drugs tests. After having confirmed consent of the given information as well as a proper explanation of the policy related to this matter, in case of drug or alcohol positive result, the personnel will be ceased in their function. (AU)

Humanos , Segurança , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Acidentes de Trânsito/prevenção & controle , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Uso de Medicamentos , Dirigir sob a Influência/prevenção & controle , Saúde do Trabalhador , Consenso , Dirigir sob a Influência/legislação & jurisprudência
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(4): 307-317, ago. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-1058277


INTRODUCCIÓN: Una de las vías de acceso a la cavidad abdominal es la laparotomía media, siendo uno de los riesgos más temidos las complicaciones postoperatorias, las cuales pueden disminuirse con difusión de una adecuada técnica quirúrgica. OBJETIVO: Generar un consenso de expertos con pasos clave para realizar una laparotomía media supra-infraumbilical, a través de la metodología Delphi. MATERIALES Y MÉTODO: Por medio de una revisión de la literatura se extrajo el detalle de 37 pasos considerados en el procedimiento, organizado en secciones de preparación, apertura y cierre, siendo evaluados por un grupo de cirujanos de 7 hospitales docentes de Chile, mediante una encuesta online. RESULTADOS: El consenso se alcanzó en dos rondas, con 28 de los 37 pasos extraídos de la literatura, considerados importantes o muy importantes para la enseñanza de la técnica. Discusión: De los 28 pasos identificados como importantes, existe un alto grado de acuerdo para la preparación y apertura de una laparotomía, a diferencia del cierre en el cual no se observa una preferencia clara entre el cierre en una o varias capas entre el peritoneo y la fascia, debiendo analizarse en cada caso específico. CONCLUSIÓN: La identificación de 28 pasos estandarizados constituye un aporte en los programas de formación de residentes y en el desarrollo de modelos de simulación adecuados para la replicación del procedimiento. El aprendizaje correcto de la técnica basado en evidencia es fundamental para disminuir el riesgo de complicaciones asociadas, especialmente en el postoperatorio.

INTRODUCTION: Traditionally, the main surgical technique to access the abdominal cavity has been midline incision laparotomy, being postoperative complications a main concern. Proper teaching-learning methods could help improving the success of this procedure. AIM: Establish an expert's consensus throughout the Delphi Methodology regarding the main steps that need to be considered in a midline laparotomy. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Literature review was conducted, 37 steps were identified and grouped in 3 sections; preparation of the skin, opening incision, and closure. These steps were evaluated online by surgeons of 7 teaching hospitals in Chile. RESULTS: Consensus was reached in two rounds, 28 of the 37 steps were identified as important or very important for the procedure. DISCUSSION: There is a high level of agreement in steps related to preparation of the skin and opening incision. However, there is not a consensus regarding closure of the peritoneum and fascia in one or more layers, being a case to case decision. CONCLUSIONS: Establishment of 28 standardized steps constitutes a contribution to resident teaching programs and the development of simulation materials as an active learning strategy. Satisfactory learning outcomes have a direct impact in the success of the procedure and a lower rate of complications.

Humanos , Técnica Delfos , Consenso , Laparotomia/educação , Laparotomia/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/educação
rev. cuid. (Bucaramanga. 2010) ; 10(2): e651, mayo-ago. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS (Américas), BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1059197


Resumo Introdução A Artroplastia Total de Quadril se apresenta como um procedimento eficaz para a diminuição da dor em articulações e para a melhora funcional das pessoas. Objetivo Selecionar resultados e indicadores da Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) e construir definições conceituais e operacionais, para avaliação da dor de pacientes após Artroplastia Total de Quadril. Materiais e Métodos Estudo de consenso entre especialistas. As definições foram construídas baseadas na literatura e experiência dos autores. Estabeleceu-se um consenso de 100% para o conteúdo do instrumento das definições conceituais e operacionais do resultado de enfermagem. Resultados Foi selecionado o resultado de enfermagem Nível de dor, com onze indicadores, a mencionar: Dor relatada, Duração dos episódios de dor, Expressões faciais de dor, Agitação, Irritabilidade, Encolhimento, Diaforese, Náusea, Frequência respiratória, Frequência do pulso radial e Pressão arterial. Cada um dos onze indicadores foi definido conceitual e operacionalmente. Discussão e Conclusões A seleção desse resultado e de seus indicadores, assim como a construção das definições podem favorecer a aplicação da NOC com maior fidedignidade nessa população, além de aprimorar a assistência e contribuir no aperfeiçoamento da classificação.

Abstract Introduction Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) is an effective procedure to relieve joint pain and to provide functional improvement in patients. Objective Based on the outcomes and indicators from the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC), this study aims to create conceptual and operational definitions to assess pain in patients undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty. Materials and Methods Consensus study among experts. Definitions were based on literature review and author experience. Complete agreement was found on instrument content in relation to the conceptual and operational definitions from nursing outcomes. Results The nursing outcome 'pain level' was selected which had eleven indicators, being notable the self-reported pain, duration of pain episodes, facial expressions of pain, agitation, irritability, muscle contraction, diaphoresis, nausea, respiratory rate, heart rate at the radial point and blood pressure. Discussion and conclusions The selection of this outcome and its indicators as well as the creation of definitions might benefit the NOC application in a more reliable manner over that population, apart from improving assistance and helping adjust this classification.

Resumen Introducción La Artroplastia Total de Cadera se presenta como un procedimiento eficaz para disminuir el dolor en las articulaciones y para alcanzar la mejora funcional de las personas. Objetivo Seleccionar resultados e indicadores de la Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) y construir definiciones conceptuales y operacionales para la valoración del dolor de los pacientes que son sometidos a una Artroplastia Total de Cadera. Materiales y Métodos Estudio de consenso entre especialistas. Las definiciones se construyeron con base en la literatura y en la experiencia de los autores. Se estableció un consenso de 100% para el contenido del instrumento con respecto a las definiciones conceptuales y operacionales del resultado de la enfermería. Resultados Se escogió el resultado de enfermería Nivel de dolor, con once indicadores, de los cuales vale la pena destacar: Dolor reportado, Duración de los episodios de dolor, Expresiones faciales de dolor, Agitación, Irritabilidad, Encogimiento, Diaforesis, Náuseas, Frecuencia respiratoria, Frecuencia del pulso radial y Presión arterial. Cada uno de los once indicadores se definió conceptual y operativamente. Discusión y Conclusiones La selección de este resultado y de sus indicadores, así como la construcción de las definiciones pueden favorecer la aplicación de la NOC de manera más fidedigna en esa población, además de mejorar la asistencia y contribuir a perfeccionar la clasificación.

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Medição da Dor , Artroplastia de Quadril , Consenso , Terminologia Padronizada em Enfermagem
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 26(2): 151-157, abr.-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-1012138


RESUMO A isquemia crítica de membro inferior (ICMI) gera impacto nos sistemas de saúde, na qualidade de vida e funcionalidade dos indivíduos diagnosticados. Entretanto, há pouca evidência científica que permita fundamentar a intervenção fisioterapêutica para pacientes internados por ICMI. O objetivo desse estudo foi elaborar um consenso de especialistas sobre a fisioterapia intra-hospitalar para pacientes com ICMI. Para tal, foi utilizado o método Delphi. Um painel de especialistas foi formado por 18 fisioterapeutas que representavam 85,7% da equipe de um hospital de referência em cirurgia vascular. Foram consideradas, para o consenso, as respostas com valor mínimo de concordância de 70% e média ou mediana ≥3,1 na escala Likert. Os questionários abordaram itens da avaliação, objetivos e condutas fisioterapêuticas nas fases pré e pós-cirurgia de revascularização. Definiram-se como itens essenciais a avaliação de sintomas, função cognitiva, musculoesquelética e cardiorrespiratória. Controle da dor, redução de edemas, ganho de amplitude de movimento, deambulação e educação em saúde são objetivos no pré-operatório e o ganho de força muscular na fase pós-operatória. Exercícios passivo, assistido, ativo livre e circulatório, incluindo os membros superiores, estão indicados antes e após as cirurgias. Educação em saúde e deambulação com redução de peso em área de lesão plantar são essenciais em todo o período de internação. A eletroanalgesia foi preconizada no pré-operatório e a elevação do membro inferior e exercícios resistidos no pós-operatório.

RESUMEN La isquemia crítica de miembro inferior (ICMI) afecta a los sistemas de salud y la calidad de vida y funcionalidad de los individuos diagnosticados. Sin embargo, hay poca evidencia científica que fundamente la intervención fisioterapéutica para pacientes internados por ICMI. El objetivo de este estudio fue elaborar un consenso de especialistas sobre la fisioterapia intrahospitalaria para pacientes con ICMI. Para ello, se utilizó el método Delphi. Se formó un panel de expertos con 18 fisioterapeutas que representaban el 85,7% del equipo de un hospital de referencia en cirugía vascular. Se consideraron, para el consenso, las respuestas con un valor mínimo de concordancia del 70% y media o mediana ≥3,1 en la escala Likert. Los cuestionarios abordaron ítems de evaluación, objetivos y conductas fisioterapéuticas en las fases pre y poscirugía de revascularización. Se definieron como elementos esenciales la evaluación de síntomas y las funciones cognitiva, musculoesquelética y cardiorrespiratoria. En el preoperatorio, control del dolor, reducción de edemas, ganancia de amplitud de movimiento, deambulación y educación en salud son los objetivos; en la fase posoperatoria, la ganancia de fuerza muscular. Los ejercicios pasivos, asistidos, activos libres y circulatorios, incluidos los miembros superiores, se indican antes y después de las cirugías. La educación en salud y la deambulación con reducción de peso en el área de lesión plantar son esenciales en todo el período de internación. La electroanalgesia fue preconizada en el preoperatorio; y, en el postoperatorio, elevación del miembro inferior y ejercicios resistidos.

ABSTRACT Critical limb ischemia (CLI) is a disease with a great burden for the healthcare system, patient's functionality and quality of life. However, there is little evidence to guide intrahospital physical therapy programs for patients with CLI. Thus, this study aimed to provide an expert consensus on intrahospital physiotherapeutic care for CLI patients. An expert panel was made up with 18 experienced physical therapists, which represented 85.7% of physical therapists from a reference vascular surgery team in a university hospital. The Delphi method was used to produce a consensus, considering a minimum agreement of 70% and a mean or median score in the Likert scale ≥3.1. The questionnaires included items related to assessment, goals and physiotherapeutic interventions prior and after revascularization. A consensus was reached on assessing symptoms, cognitive, articular, musculoskeletal and cardiorespiratory functions. Pain control, edema drainage, range of motion gain, walking incentive and health education are goals in the pre-operatory and the muscular strengthening in postoperatory phase. In both phases there was a consensus on the use of passive, active-assisted and active exercises, including upper limb exercises. Walking and therapeutic education are essential during the hospitalization period with offloading practices in area of plantar ulcer. Electroanalgesia should be used in preoperative phase and resisted exercises and lower limb elevation at postoperatory.

Humanos , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Extremidade Inferior/fisiopatologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/reabilitação , Isquemia/reabilitação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares , Protocolos Clínicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Consenso , Assistência Hospitalar , Fisioterapeutas
Rev. colomb. cancerol ; 23(2): 45-55, abr.-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-1042751


Resumen Antecedentes: La radioterapia de intensidad modulada (IMRT) es una técnica avanzada que se usa ampliamente a nivel mundial; sin embargo, su uso adecuado en nuestro país requiere ser revisado. Objetivo: Actualizar un protocolo clínico (PC) basado en evidencia que contiene las indicaciones clínicas para la utilización de la técnica IMRT en el tratamiento de las patologías oncológicas tratadas más frecuentemente en el servicio de oncología radioterápica del Instituto Nacional de Cancerología (INC) - Colombia. Métodos: La elaboración de este documento fue realizada por un equipo multidisciplinario empleando un manual nacional para el desarrollo de PC. Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática de la literatura, seguido por la selección de los artículos relevantes y su evaluación utilizando las herramientas apropiadas. La evidencia fue resumida, contextualizada y empleada para generar las recomendaciones mediante un consenso formal tipo RAND/UCLA. Resultados: Se generaron indicaciones para el uso de la IMRT en pacientes con alguno de los siguientes tipos de cáncer: próstata y pene, cabeza y cuello, piel, sistema nervioso central, mama, sarcomas de tejidos blandos, pulmón, gastrointestinal, ginecológico y urgencias oncológicas. Conclusiones: En el periodo 2014 a 2017 ha surgido escasa evidencia sobre el impacto de la IMRT en desenlaces relacionados con la supervivencia y la calidad de vida y por tanto el uso de la IMRT sigue siendo en pacientes seleccionados.

Abstract Background: Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) is an advanced technique which has been put into service in several clinical settings around the world; however, its proper use in Colombia requires to be revisited. Aim: To update an evidence-based clinical care protocol (CCP) that contains clinical recommendations for using IMRT in order to treat the most common oncological malignancies seen in the Radiotherapy Unit of the Instituto Nacional de Cancerología - Colombia. Methods: The elaboration of this CCP was undertaken by a multidisciplinary team who abided by a domestic CCP-development handbook. Briefly, a systematic search of literature was conducted; afterwards, relevant papers were selected and evaluated using appropriate appraisal tools; finally, evidence was summarized, contextualized, and used for generating the recommendations through a formal consensus approach (RAND/UCLA). Results: We established a handful of recommendations for using the IMRT technique in patients with any of the following types of cancer: prostate & penis, head & neck, skin, central nervous system, breast, soft tissue sarcoma, lung, gastrointestinal, and gynecologic, as well as oncologic emergencies. Conclusions: During the period 2014 - 2017, few evidence has emerged about the impact of IMRT on outcomes related to survival and quality of life; therefore, IMRT use still remains in selected patients.

Humanos , Protocolos Clínicos , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Radioterapia (Especialidade) , Consenso , Neoplasias