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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 6(2): 1-20, 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS (Américas), BBO | ID: biblio-1100164

RESUMO

Introdução:O presente estudo apresenta umagravequestão de saúde pública em Luanda, Angola, relacionada com situações de internamento e morte de recém-nascidos por onfalite que o país enfrenta. Objetivos:descrever a realidade de um hospital público geral na cidade de Luanda,relativamente a este problema; identificar as principais causas de onfalites no contexto Angolano; descrever os cuidados corretos com o coto umbilical; evidenciar as implicações sociais, culturais e de saúde nos cuidados ao recém-nascido. Método:estudo descritivo, exploratório e transversal. Foram analisados os processos de internamento de um serviço de pediatria de um hospital público com situações de internamento por onfalite, entre janeiro de 2017 ejunho de 2018. Resultados:no período em estudo,foram analisados 182 processos de internamento neste hospital com registos de onfalites no recém-nascido. Destes internamentos, 26 culminaram em óbito.Dos 156 recém-nascidos internados, 153 tiveram alta para o domicílio, 2 tiveram transferência para o hospital pediátrico e houve um registo de fuga. Conclusão:os resultados obtidos demonstram que as mães e os recém-nascidos angolanos permanecem vulneráveis no que se refere aos cuidados ao coto umbilical, o que se traduz pelo elevado número de onfalites registadas. Torna-se,assim,prioritária a formação dos profissionais de saúde nesse domínio, de modo a que as intervenções sejam efetivas e de qualidade, no sentido de diminuir este flagelo de saúde pública neste país (AU).


Introduction: This study presents a serious public health issue in Luanda, Angola, related to situations of hospitalization and death of newborns due to omphalitisthat the country faces. Objectives: to describe the reality of a general public hospital in the city of Luanda, regarding this problem; identify the main causes of omphalitis in the Angolan context; describe the correct care with the umbilical stump; evidence the social, cultural and health implications of newborn care. Method: descriptive, exploratory and cross-sectional study. The hospitalization processes of a pediatric service of a public hospital with situations of hospitalization for omphalitis between January 2017 and June 2018 were analyzed. Results: during the study period, 182 hospitalization processes were analyzed in this hospital with records of omphalitis in the newborn. Of these hospitalizations, 26 culminated in death. Of the 156 newborns admitted, 153 were discharged to the home, 2 were transferred to the pediatric hospital and there was a record of a leak. Conclusion: the results obtained demonstrate that Angolan mothers and newborns remain vulnerable with regard to the care of the umbilical stump, which translates into the high number of registered omphalitis. Thus, the training of health professionals in this field becomes a priority, so that interventions are effective and of quality, in order to reduce this scourge of public health in this country (AU).


Introducción: El presente estudio presenta un grave problema de salud pública en Luanda, Angola, relacionado con situaciones de hospitalización y muerte de recién nacidos debido a la onfalitis que enfrenta el país. Objetivos: describir la realidad de un hospital públicogeneral en la ciudad de Luanda, con respecto a este problema; identificar las principales causas de onfalitis en el contexto angoleño; describa el cuidado correcto con el muñón umbilical; evidencia las implicaciones sociales, culturales y de salud del cuidado del recién nacido. Método: estudio descriptivo, exploratorio y transversal. Se analizaron los procesos hospitalarios de un servicio pediátrico de un hospital público con situaciones de hospitalización por onfalitis entre enero de 2017 y junio de 2018.Resultados: en el período en estudio, se analizaron 182 procesos de hospitalización en este hospital con registros de onfalitis en el recién nacido De estas hospitalizaciones, 26 culminaron en la muerte. De los 156 recién nacidos admitidos, 153 fueron dados de alta a la casa, 2 fueron trasladados al hospital pediátrico y hubo un registro de una fuga. Conclusión: los resultados obtenidos demuestran que las madres y los recién nacidos angoleños siguen siendo vulnerables con respecto al cuidado del muñón umbilical, lo que se traduce en un alto número de onfalitis registrada. Por lo tanto, la capacitación de profesionales de la salud en este campo se convierte en una prioridad, para que las intervenciones sean efectivas y de calidad, a fin de reducir este flagelo de la salud pública en este país (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Cordão Umbilical/fisiologia , Recém-Nascido , Mortalidade Infantil , Saúde Pública , Cultura , Angola/epidemiologia , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Hospitais Públicos
2.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 6(2): 66-81, 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS (Américas), BBO | ID: biblio-1100312

RESUMO

Introdução:O Programa Saúde na Escola (PSE) constitui-se em uma política intersetorialentre os Ministérios da Saúde e da Educação e prevê a realização de atividades técnico-assistenciais sob responsabilidade dos profissionais das Equipes de Saúde da Família (ESF), bem como atividades de educação popular em saúde.Objetivo:este estudo se propôs a identificar as atividades de educação em saúde realizadas nas escolas do ensino médio do município de Natal no estado do Rio Grande do Norte, bem como verificar as expectativas dos estudantes quanto ao papel dos profissionais de saúde e governantespara viabilizar uma melhoria de sua qualidade de vida.Metodologia:foi desenvolvido um estudo de avaliação com corte seccional e abordagem quantitativa com estudantes do segundo ano do ensino médio matriculados no ano de 2018. Esses estudantes responderam a um questionário para caracterização social e econômica afim de identificar as suas expectativas para melhoria da qualidade de vida e sobre atividades de educação em saúde realizadas na sua escola. A análise das respostas foi feita por meio de banco de dados no Excel para facilitar o cálculo das frequências absolutas e relativas das variáveis categóricas, bem como o cálculo da média e desvio-padrão das variáveis numéricas (idade, renda).Resultados:Dentre os principais resultados, destaca-se o baixo índice de ações voltadas à promoção da saúde nas escolas, sobretudo eventos do Programa de Saúde na Escola (PSE), bem como o desejo de que tanto os governantes quanto os profissionais de saúde exerçam de uma melhor forma o seu trabalho direcionado à comunidade.Conclusões:Concluiu-se, portanto, ser a ação do PSE na rede pública de Natal bastante falha, porquanto a maioria dos estudantes respondeunão reconhecer nenhuma ação exercida por este programa nassuas respectivas escolas (AU).


Introduction:The School Health Program (PSE) is an intersectoralpolicy between the Ministries of Health and Education and provides for technical assistance activities under the responsibility of the professionals of the Family Health Teams (ESF), as well as popular health education activities. Objective:This study aimed to identify health education activities carried out in high schools in the municipality of Natal in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, as well as to verify the expectations of students regarding the role of health professionals and government officials to enable an improvement in their quality of life. Methodology:an evaluation study was developed with a sectional cut and quantitative approach with second year high school students enrolled in 2018. These students answered a questionnaire for social andeconomic characterization in order to identify their expectations for improving the quality of life and on health education activities carried out in their school. The analysis of the answers was done through a database in Excel to facilitate the calculation of absolute and relative frequencies of the categorical variables, as well as the calculation of the mean and standard deviation of the numerical variables (age, income). Results:Among the main results, the low rate of actions aimed at promoting health in schools, especially events of the School Health Program (PSE), as well as the desire for both governments and health professionals to better exercise their work directed at the community. Conclusions:It was therefore concluded that the PSE action in the public Natal network was rather flawed, as most students responded by not recognising any action taken by this programme in their respective schools (AU).


Introducción: El Programa de Salud Escolar (PSE) es una política intersectorial entre los Ministerios de Salud y Educación y prevé actividades de asistencia técnica bajo la responsabilidad de los profesionales de los Equipos de Salud Familiar (ESF), así como actividades de educación sanitaria popular.Objetivo: este estudio tenía por objeto identificar las actividades de educación sanitaria realizadas en las escuelas secundarias del municipio de Natal, en elestado de Rio Grande do Norte, así como verificar las expectativas de los estudiantes en cuanto al papel de los profesionales de la salud y los funcionarios gubernamentales para permitir una mejora de su calidad de vida. Metodología: se desarrolló un estudio de evaluación con un corte seccional y un enfoque cuantitativo con estudiantes de segundo año de secundaria matriculados en 2018. Estos estudiantes respondieron a un cuestionario para la caracterización social y económica con el fin de identificar sus expectativas de mejora de la calidad de vida y sobre las actividades de educación sanitaria llevadas a cabo en su escuela. El análisis de las respuestas se realizó mediante una base de datos en Excel para facilitar el cálculo de las frecuencias absolutas yrelativas de las variables categóricas, así como el cálculo de la media y la desviación estándar de las variables numéricas (edad, ingresos). Resultados: Entre los principales resultados, el bajo índice de acciones dirigidas a promover la salud en las escuelas, especialmente los eventos del Programa de Salud Escolar (PSE), así como el deseo de que tanto los gobiernos como los profesionales de la salud ejerzan mejor su trabajo dirigido a la comunidad.Conclusiones: Por lo tanto, se llegó a la conclusión de que la acción del PSE en la red pública de Natalera bastante defectuosa, ya que la mayoría de los estudiantes respondieron no reconociendo ninguna acción realizada por este programa en sus respectivas escuelas (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Qualidade de Vida , Serviços de Saúde Escolar , Brasil , Educação em Saúde , Promoção da Saúde , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Interpretação Estatística de Dados
3.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 5(2): 49-67, ago. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS (Américas), BBO | ID: biblio-1021754

RESUMO

Introdução:A Hipertensão Arterial Sistêmica tem apresentado alta mortalidade em todo o mundo, associada a fatores de risco cardiovascular como o excesso de peso e a obesidade abdominal.Objetivo:Avaliar os índices antropométricos e pressão arterial em adolescentes e adultos jovens do município de Santa Cruz-RN.Método:Trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, do tipo transversal, realizado com 86 indivíduos com idade média de 19,0 ± 0,97 anos. Foram avaliados o Índice deMassa Corporal (IMC), Relação Cintura Estatura (RCE), Relação Cintura Quadril (RCQ), Índice de Conicidade (IC) e Pressão Arterial (PA). Os dados foram analisados no programa SPSS versão 23.0, apresentados em percentual, média e desvio padrão. O teste T deStudentfoi aplicado para avaliar a diferença entre as médias, a correlação entre medidas antropométricas e a pressão arterial pela correlação de Pearson.Resultados:A prevalência maior foi do sexo feminino, 81,4%. A obesidade esteve mais presente nos meninos adolescentes do que nas meninas, 33,3 e 13,9% respectivamente, bem como nos adultos jovens 28,6% em homens e 11,8% em mulheres. A RCE se mostrou mais elevada nas meninas e mulheres adultas (0,46 ± 0,07, 0,50 ± 0,08). Em contrapartida, a RCQ e IC se mostraram maiores nos meninos(0,79 ± 0,06; 1,12 ± 0,74) e nos homens adultos(0,82 ± 0,09; 1,15 ± 0,12) respectivamente. Em ambos os grupos houve correlação positiva moderada entre o IMC e a RCE com a PA (p<0,05).Conclusão:Os índices antropométricosapresentaram correlação positiva com a elevação da pressão arterial, destacando-se o IMC e a RCE nos adolescentes e adultos jovens (AU).


Introduction:Systemic arterial hypertension has presented high mortality worldwide, associated with cardiovascular risk factors such as overweight and abdominal obesity.Objective:To evaluate the anthropometric indexes and blood pressure in adolescents and young adults in the municipality of Santa Cruz-RN.Methods:This is a cross-sectional quantitative study of 86 individuals with a mean age of 19.0 ± 0.97 years. Body mass index (BMI), Waist Stature Ratio (WSR), Waist Hip Ratio (WHR), Conicity Index (CI) and Blood Pressure (BP) were evaluated. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 23.0, presented in percentage, mean and standard deviation. The T test was applied to evaluate the difference between the means, the correlation between anthropometric measures and blood pressure by the Pearson correlation.Results:The highest prevalence was female, 81.4%. Obesity was more present in adolescent boys than in girls, 33.3 and 13.9% respectively, as well as in young adults, 28.6% in men and 11.8% in women. The WSR was higher in girls and adult women (0.46 ± 0.07, 0.50 ± 0.08). On the other hand, WHR and CI were higher in boys(0.79 ± 0.06, 1.12 ± 0.74)and in adult males (0.82 ± 0.09, 1.15 ± 0.12) respectively. In both groups there was a moderate positive correlation between BMI and WSR with BP (p <0.05).Conclusion:The anthropometric indices showed a positive correlation with the elevation of blood pressure, especially BMI, WSR in adolescents and young adults (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Antropometria/métodos , Adolescente , Pressão Arterial , Hipertensão , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Adulto Jovem
4.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(5): 517-526, Sept-Oct. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-1040109

RESUMO

Patients with mental disorders are more susceptible to cardiovascular diseases and metabolic disorders compared to the general population. Objective: To evaluate cardiovascular risk and metabolic syndrome in individuals with mental disorders. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study, conducted at the Psychosocial Care Centers. Socioeconomic, clinical, biochemical and anthropometric data were collected using a standard form. Cardiovascular risk was assessed by the Framingham risk score. Metabolic syndrome (MS) was determined by the World Health- Organization (WHO), the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, and associations were evaluated by the chi-square test and Fisher's exact test, as well as Odds Ratio. The significance level adopted for all statistical tests was 5%. Results: The chance of individuals diagnosed with MS be at intermediate-to-high cardiovascular risk was greater (12.22, 8.01 and 6.23 times higher according to WHO, NCEP and IDF criteria, respectively) than those without MS. Conclusion: A high percentage of patients with mental disorders were at intermediate / high cardiovascular risk, and this was significantly associated with MS


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Síndrome Metabólica , Transtornos Mentais , Organização Mundial da Saúde , Índice de Massa Corporal , Saúde Mental , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Análise Estatística , Fatores de Risco , Diabetes Mellitus , Circunferência Abdominal , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , HDL-Colesterol
5.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(3): 253-260, May-June 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-1002220

RESUMO

Malnutrition is associated with morbidity and mortality in patients with heart failure (HF). Thus, it is essential to apply reliable indicators to assess the nutritional status of these individuals. Objective: To evaluate the thickness of the adductor pollicis muscle (APM) in patients with HF as an indicator of somatic protein status and correlate the obtained values with conventionally used parameters and electrical bioimpedance (EBI) markers. Methods: Cross-sectional study with patients with HF undergoing regular outpatient treatment. APM thickness was measured in the dominant arm, and the values obtained were classified according to gender and age. The anthropometric parameters assessed included the body mass index (BMI) and specific parameters to assess the muscle (arm muscle circumference [AMC] and arm muscle area [AMA]). Values of phase angle (PA), standard PA (SPA), and lean mass were obtained by EBI. Statistical analyses were performed with the software Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, version 19, using unpaired Student's t, Mann-Whitney, or one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests for comparisons between groups, as appropriate. The correlation between variables of interest was performed using Pearson's or Spearman's correlation coefficient, as adequate. The level of significance was set at 5%. Results: About 70% of the 74 patients evaluated were classified as malnourished according to the APM thickness. Values of AMC, AMA, and lean mass correlated positively with APM thickness (p < 0.005). The APM thickness also correlated positively with PA and SPA (r = 0.49, p < 0.001 and r = 0.31, p = 0.008, respectively). Conclusion: Patients with HF presented a high frequency of protein malnutrition when APM thickness was used as an indicator of nutritional status. APM thickness values correlated with conventional measures of somatic protein evaluation and may be related to the prognosis of these patients, since they correlated positively with PA and SPA


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Avaliação Nutricional , Desnutrição/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Polegar , Índice de Massa Corporal , Fatores Sexuais , Antropometria , Doença Crônica , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Análise Estatística , Análise de Variância , Fatores Etários , Inflamação
6.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(3): 247-252, May-June 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-1002222

RESUMO

Brazil is the worldwide leader in the long-term use of pesticides and herbicides. This compromises the health of handlers by causing harmful neurological, respiratory, and cardiovascular changes. The herbicide 2.4D has been shown to cause cardiac overload with subsequent pathological remodeling. Objective: To analyze the cardiac morphological repercussions on the left ventricle (LV) of mice submitted to nebulization by the herbicide 2.4D. Methods: Fifteen mice were divided into three groups: control group (CG; n = 5) exposed to nebulization with sodium chloride solution; low concentration group (LCG; n = 5) exposed to nebulization of the herbicide 2.4D with 3.71 x 10-3 grams; and high concentration group (HCG; n = 5) exposed to nebulization of the herbicide 2.4D with 9.28 x 10-3 grams for 15 minutes. The fractal dimension analysis was performed through the box-counting method. Later, the ImageJ program was used to calculate the fractal dimension of each group. To evaluate cardiac remodeling, histological slides were prepared and stained with Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE). Fifty areas of cardiomyocytes were analyzed per animal. The comparisons between groups were performed by ANOVA One-Way with Tukey's posttest (p < 0.05). Results: There was no change in fractal dimension values between the CG = 1.37 ± 0.02, LCG = 1.33 ± 0.04 and the HCG = 1.33 ± 0.07 groups. However, cardiac hypertrophy occurred in the HCG = 303.9 ± 38.80 µm(2) when compared to the CG group = 236.9 ± 61.71 µm(2) (p = 0.034). Conclusion: The herbicide 2.4D used for 72 hours did not promote cardiotoxicity when evaluated by fractal dimension. However, cardiomyocyte hypertrophy was observed in the LV


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Praguicidas/efeitos adversos , Inalação , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Remodelação Ventricular , Herbicidas/efeitos adversos , Doenças Respiratórias , Brasil , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Análise Estatística , Análise de Variância , Agroquímicos/efeitos adversos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda , Modelos Animais , Camundongos , Manifestações Neurológicas
7.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(3): 247-252, may.-june. 2019. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-1006018

RESUMO

Background: Brazil is the worldwide leader in the long-term use of pesticides and herbicides. This compromises the health of handlers by causing harmful neurological, respiratory, and cardiovascular changes. The herbicide 2.4D has been shown to cause cardiac overload with subsequent pathological remodeling. Objective: To analyze the cardiac morphological repercussions on the left ventricle (LV) of mice submitted to nebulization by the herbicide 2.4D. Methods: Fifteen mice were divided into three groups: control group (CG; n = 5) exposed to nebulization with sodium chloride solution; low concentration group (LCG; n = 5) exposed to nebulization of the herbicide 2.4D with 3.71 x 10-3 grams; and high concentration group (HCG; n = 5) exposed to nebulization of the herbicide 2.4D with 9.28 x 10-3 grams for 15 minutes. The fractal dimension analysis was performed through the box-counting method. Later, the ImageJ program was used to calculate the fractal dimension of each group. To evaluate cardiac remodeling, histological slides were prepared and stained with Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE). Fifty areas of cardiomyocytes were analyzed per animal. The comparisons between groups were performed by ANOVA One-Way with Tukey's posttest (p < 0.05). Results: There was no change in fractal dimension values between the CG = 1.37 ± 0.02, LCG = 1.33 ± 0.04 and the HCG = 1.33 ± 0.07 groups. However, cardiac hypertrophy occurred in the HCG = 303.9 ± 38.80 µm2 when compared to the CG group = 236.9 ± 61.71 µm2 (p = 0.034).Conclusion: The herbicide 2.4D used for 72 hours did not promote cardiotoxicity when evaluated by fractal dimension. However, cardiomyocyte hypertrophy was observed in the LV


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Praguicidas/efeitos adversos , Inalação , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Remodelação Ventricular , Herbicidas/efeitos adversos , Doenças Respiratórias , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Análise Estatística , Análise de Variância , Agroquímicos/efeitos adversos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda , Modelos Animais , Camundongos , Manifestações Neurológicas
8.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(3): 253-260, may.-june. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-1006052

RESUMO

Background: Malnutrition is associated with morbidity and mortality in patients with heart failure (HF). Thus, it is essential to apply reliable indicators to assess the nutritional status of these individuals. Objective: To evaluate the thickness of the adductor pollicis muscle (APM) in patients with HF as an indicator of somatic protein status and correlate the obtained values with conventionally used parameters and electrical bioimpedance (EBI) markers. Methods: Cross-sectional study with patients with HF undergoing regular outpatient treatment. APM thickness was measured in the dominant arm, and the values obtained were classified according to gender and age. The anthropometric parameters assessed included the body mass index (BMI) and specific parameters to assess the muscle (arm muscle circumference [AMC] and arm muscle area [AMA]). Values of phase angle (PA), standard PA (SPA), and lean mass were obtained by EBI. Statistical analyses were performed with the software Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, version 19, using unpaired Student's t, Mann-Whitney, or one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests for comparisons between groups, as appropriate. The correlation between variables of interest was performed using Pearson's or Spearman's correlation coefficient, as adequate. The level of significance was set at 5%. Results: About 70% of the 74 patients evaluated were classified as malnourished according to the APM thickness. Values of AMC, AMA, and lean mass correlated positively with APM thickness (p < 0.005). The APM thickness also correlated positively with PA and SPA (r = 0.49, p < 0.001 and r = 0.31, p = 0.008, respectively). Conclusion: Patients with HF presented a high frequency of protein malnutrition when APM thickness was used as an indicator of nutritional status. APM thickness values correlated with conventional measures of somatic protein evaluation and may be related to the prognosis of these patients, since they correlated positively with PA and SPA


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Avaliação Nutricional , Desnutrição/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Polegar , Fatores Sexuais , Antropometria , Doença Crônica , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Análise Estatística , Análise de Variância , Fatores Etários , Inflamação
9.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4543, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas), BBO | ID: biblio-997899

RESUMO

Objective: To compare self-perceived information and clinically diagnosed dental caries status among Indonesian children aged 12­15 years. Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a questionnaire was used to obtain self-perceived information. Clinical examinations were conducted to determine the mean number of decayed, missing or filled teeth (DMFT) and the presence of severely decayed teeth with visible pulpal involvement, ulceration caused by dislocated tooth fragments, fistula, and abscess (PUFA). The study included 494 children aged 12­15 years recruited from six junior high schools in Jakarta, Indonesia. The clinical examination results and responses to the self-perceived assessment questionnaire were compared to determine the sensitivity and specificity. Results: The proportions of children with dental caries and clinical consequences of untreated dental caries in this study were 69.4% and 17.6%, respectively, with mean DMFT and PUFA index scores of 2.4 and 0.2, respectively. For the DMFT index, the self-perceived need for oral treatment had the highest sensitivity (86%), while the dental pain had the highest specificity (89%). For the PUFA index, the self perceived oral health condition had the highest sensitivity (92%), while the self-perceived dental pain had the highest specificity (82%). However, none of the self-perceived variables had both high sensitivity and specificity. Conclusion: Self-perceived information obtained from the questionnaire can not properly evaluate the clinical status of dental caries.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Autoimagem , Diagnóstico Clínico/diagnóstico , Índice CPO , Saúde Bucal , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Indonésia , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4423, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas), BBO | ID: biblio-997917

RESUMO

Objective:To evaluate the oral health conditions of hospitalized children, as well as describe the knowledge and practices of oral health care adopted by their parents/guardians. Material and Methods:The sample was composed of 46 children who had been hospitalized for at least five days, who had erupted teeth in the oral cavity and were accompanied by their parents/guardians. Information was collected in relation to: theoral health status of children (DMFT/DEF), the socioeconomic profile and access to information on health and oral hygiene of the parents/guardians anddata regarding the hospitalization of the children. The data were analyzed using the Fisher, Pearson's and Mann Whitney's Chi-squared tests, with a confidence level of 95%.Results:47.8% of the hospitalized children had experienced caries, and the most relevant component for the determination of the experience of caries was the presence of decayed teeth (0.50 to 1.94). A total of 97.8% of parents/guardians said they had not received information on oral health and hygiene, 100.0% had not received guidance on the sugar contained in medicines or the salivary decrease caused by the medications. 34.8% of the children did not perform oral hygiene during hospitalization. According to medical records, 58.7% took liquid medication orally. Conclusion:The hospitalized children had precarious oral health conditions, with the occurrence of carious lesions of the teeth. The presence of risk factors for dental caries in hospitalized children was observed (poor oral hygiene, low schooling and income of parents/guardians, limited knowledge of parents/guardians regarding health care and oral hygiene, consumption of medicines with cariogenic potential) (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Erupção Dentária , Brasil , Criança , Criança Hospitalizada , Saúde Bucal , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Higiene Bucal/educação , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
11.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4350, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas), BBO | ID: biblio-997959

RESUMO

Objective: To compare salivary transferrin levels between patients with oral lichen planus (OLP) and healthy subjects. Material and Methods: In this descriptive, analytical, crosssectional study, 11 patients with OLP and 22 healthy subjects were selected after matching in terms of age and gender. OLP was confirmed by two oral medicine specialists based on clinical and histopathological criteria. Salivary samples were collected by spitting. The patients were asked to collect their saliva in their oral cavity and then evacuate it into sterilized Falcon tubes. The procedure was repeated every 60 seconds for 5-15 minutes. A total of 5 mL of saliva was collected using this method. The samples were collected from 8 to 9 in the morning in a fasting state to avoid circadian changes. The collected salivary samples were immediately placed next to ice and transferred to the laboratory to be centrifuged at 4°C at 800 g to isolate squamous cells and cellular debris. Then the samples were frozen at -80°C until the samples were prepared. An ELISA kit was used to determine salivary transferrin levels. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics (means and standard deviations) and t-test for independent groups using SPSS 17. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05. Results: The mean salivary transferrin concentrations in patients with OLP and healthy subjects were 0.9055±0.28229 and 1.5932±0.80041 mg/dL, respectively (p<0.05). Conclusion: The salivary transferrin levels in patients with OLP were significantly lower than those in healthy subjects.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saliva , Transferrina , Diagnóstico Clínico , Líquen Plano Bucal/diagnóstico , Doenças da Boca/diagnóstico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Técnicas Histológicas/métodos , Irã (Geográfico)
12.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 3807, 01 Fevereiro 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-997960

RESUMO

Objective: To perform the transcultural adaptation to Brazil and validation of the Halitosis Associated Life-quality Test (HALT) for use in adolescents. Material and Methods: Students aged 12 to 15 years, of both sexes, with healthy permanent dentition, attending public schools in Piracicaba, Brazil, were selected for this study. The HALT was translated, backtranslated, reviewed by an expert committee and submitted to a pre-test. In the first phase (n = 13), 15% of the sample did not understand items 2, 12 and 15; therefore, these items were reformulated and resubmitted to 13 adolescents. The version with a sociocultural adaptation was self-applied by 56 adolescents (64% females, 13.4 ± 1.0 years), of whom 25 participated in the test-retest. The presence of visible biofilm, gingival bleeding, calculus and tongue coating, was evaluated. Selfperception of halitosis after exhalation/breathing was assessed by a single question. Results: The HALT score ranged from 0 to 62 points (mean = 10.1±13.4) and the floor effect was 5.4%. Internal consistency was excellent (Cronbach's alpha = 0.92) and reproducibility was moderate (Intraclass Correlation Coefficient = 0.59). Individuals with "excessive" tongue coating had a higher HALT score than those with mild and/or moderate coating (p<0.001). Multiple linear regression analysis indicated that only the male sex was related to a higher HALT score (p<0.05). Conclusion: The Brazilian Portuguese version of the HALT was easily understood by adolescents. Those with greater tongue coating accumulation reported more frequently the presence of halitosis, which was only associated to male sex.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Qualidade de Vida , Brasil , Comparação Transcultural , Adolescente , Halitose/etiologia , Psicometria/métodos , Autoavaliação , Tradução , Diagnóstico Clínico , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Análise de Regressão , Estudos de Validação como Assunto
13.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4024, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas), BBO | ID: biblio-997962

RESUMO

Objective: To verify the dental age of individuals with Angle Class II, division 2 malocclusion. Material and Methods: The sample consisted of 200 panoramic radiographs of schoolchildren from the city of Fortaleza in the state of Ceará, in the northeast of Brazil. These radiographs were divided into two groups (N=100): a Control group comprising radiographs of patients with normal occlusion and a CIID2 group comprising radiographs of patients with an Angle Class II, division 2 malocclusion. The Demirjian method was used to identify dental age. All the radiographs were evaluated by a sole duly trained and calibrated technician. The Kappa coefficient for inter-annotator agreement was 0.98 based on the criteria of eruption stage of each tooth. Statistical analysis was performed using the Chi-squared test, Student's t-test and the Mann-Whitney test, with a level of significance of 5%. Results: There was a significant statistical difference between the dental ages of the groups tested. The CIID2 group had a lower dental age than the control group, signifying late eruption in patients with an Angle Class II, division 2 malocclusion. Conclusion: Patients with an Angle Class II, division 2 malocclusion had a lower dental age than patients with normal occlusion, suggesting that orthodontic treatment should be delayed. The first molars, second pre-molars and canines suffered late eruption.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Erupção Dentária , Radiografia Panorâmica/métodos , Oclusão Dentária , Crescimento e Desenvolvimento , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II/diagnóstico , Brasil , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
14.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4189, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas), BBO | ID: biblio-997966

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the sweetness taste preference levels and their relationship with the nutritional and dental caries patterns among preschool children. Material and Methods: The participants of this cross-sectional study were 191 children aged 4 to 5 years, who were regularly attending public Child Education Centers of a city southern Brazil. Children's preference for sugar was evaluated by the Sweet Preference Inventory; caries prevalence, according to the World Health Organization criteria, and nutritional status, by anthropometric weight and stature measurements, in accordance with child growth standards of the World Health Organization. Results: High levels of sweetness preference were identified. The majority of children (67.5%) opted for the most concentrated sucrose solutions. Excess weight was recorded in 27.7% of the preschoolers. The prevalence of caries was 51.8%, with the mean dmf-t equal to 1.92 (± 2.72) and the decayed (c) component responsible for 94.2% of the index. No significant association between sweetness preference and the nutritional or the oral health patterns could be established. In addition, no association between excess weight and dental caries was identified. The diseases studied were only associated with sociodemographic variables. Excess weight was associated with maternal age (p=0.004) and caries experience with family income (p=0.013). Conclusion: No significant associations could be stablished between the sweetness taste preference and the diseases studied, nor between excess weight and dental caries. However, the findings of high patterns of sweet preference, excess weight and untreated caries experience, highlight the need for the implementation of integrated public policies aimed at controlling both nutritional and of oral health problems in the studied population.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Brasil , Consumo de Alimentos , Estado Nutricional , Sacarose na Dieta , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Comportamento Alimentar , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Criança , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Antropometria/métodos , Saúde Bucal , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Políticas Públicas de Saúde
15.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4506, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas), BBO | ID: biblio-997968

RESUMO

Objective: To interpret the change in child's behaviour in presence/absence of parents during dental care. Material and Methods: Sixty children were examined till the age of 12 years visiting the out patient department of pediatric dentistry where parents along with the child were allowed in the operatory. After sometime parents were asked to leave and behavioural changes were noted. During revisit again the behaviour was noted according to Frankl scale. McNemar test was applied to test the behaviour response of children with parental absence/presence. The significance level was set at 5 %. Results: In 1st visit, 78.3% showed positive behaviour and 21.7% showed negative behaviour in parental absence, indicating that the child has more likelihood of showing positive behaviour in the presence of parents (p<0.001). More positive behaviour of the children is noticed, when the parents are present in 3 -5 year age group. In other 6-8 and 9-12 year age group, no difference was noticed in the presence or absence of the parents (p>0.05). In second visit, the negative behaviour reduced. When parents were absent 21.7% showed negative behaviour (p=0.000). This indicated that the child has more likelihood of showing positive behaviour in the presence of parents. Age group-wise analysis revealed that in the 3-5 years age group presence or absence of parents is a significant factor for child's behaviour. This factor is a non-issue in the elder age group like 6-8 years and 9-12 years. When the parents are absent, no significant difference was observed (p>0.05). Conclusion: There was no significant difference in parental presence/absence in elder children while the same can't be said for younger children.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Criança , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças , Odontólogos , Índia , Pais , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
16.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4584, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas), BBO | ID: biblio-997977

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the relationship between excess body weight (EBW) and the prevalence of dental caries in preschoolers considering parental control regarding snack consumption. Material and Methods: An observational, population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted at Municipal Child Education Centers in the city of Curitiba, Brazil, involving a representative sample of 686 preschool children aged four to five years and eleven months and their parents/caregivers. Dental caries was analyzed using the dmft index. Weight and height were measured for the determination of the body mass index, which was categorized for each zscore range considering age and sex. Children with overweight or obesity were considered to have EBW. The assessment of nutritional status was performed with the aid of the WHO Anthro and WHO Anthro Plus programs. The data were analyzed using univariate and multivariate Poisson regression analysis with robust variance (α= 0.05). Results: The children with EBW had a lower prevalence rate of caries, but this association lost its significance when adjusted by the other variables included in the multivariate model. In the multivariate regression analysis, household income per capita (PR=0.804; 95%CI: 0.665-0.972), child's age (PR=1.015; 95%CI: 1.001-1.029) and snack limits (PR=0.839; 95%IC: 0.732-0.962) were associated with a greater prevalence rate of dental caries. Conclusion: Excess body weight was not significantly associated with dental caries, whereas a lower parental limit regarding snack consumption by the children was independently associated with a higher prevalence rate of dental caries.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Peso Corporal , Ganho de Peso , Estado Nutricional , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Sobrepeso , Comportamento Alimentar , Pais , Brasil , Pré-Escolar , Antropometria/métodos , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto/métodos , Obesidade
17.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4074, 01 Fevereiro 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas), BBO | ID: biblio-997985

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate levels of anxiety in children and adolescents related to age and experience of visits to the dentist using the modified Venham Picture Test (VPTm). Material and Methods: This is a quantitative cross-sectional study with convenience sample. Children and adolescents of both sexes, subdivided into age groups of 6-9 years (A1 and A2) and 10-13 years (B1 and B2), in the waiting room of a Dental Clinic, were grouped according to the experience of visits to the dentist (have been to the dentist / have never been to the dentist). Descriptive statistics were mean, standard deviation and frequency of cases. The Kolmogorov- Smirnov (K-S) was used for normality analysis, with 95% significance level. Inferential statistics was performed using the Chi-Square and Mann-Whitney tests, with p<0.05. Results: In total, 60 children and 60 adolescents were evaluated, 65 (54.16%) males and 55 (45.83%) females. No differences were observed between genders in groups A1 and A2 (p = 0.30) and B1 and B2 (p = 0.94). The highest means of the VPTm scale were observed in groups A2 and B2 (2.87 ± 2.30 and 2.13 ± 1.29) and the lowest in groups A1 and B1 (1.13 ± 1.45 and 1.20 ± 1.29), respectively. Statistical differences were observed for the mean VPTm scores between age groups A1 and A2 (p = 0.004) and B1 and B2 (p = 0.018). Conclusion: The level of anxiety was inversely proportional to age, so younger children were more anxious; it was also observed that children and adolescents who had never been to the dentist tended to be more anxious.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Adolescente , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/etiologia , Comportamento e Mecanismos Comportamentais , Brasil
18.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4622, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas), BBO | ID: biblio-998003

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the pattern and severity of early childhood caries (ECC) by using the decayed and filled surface (dfs) index in preschool children in Al-Jouf, Saudi Arabia. Material and Methods: A convenience sample of 270 preschool children below 5 years of age (144 boys, 126 girls) attending outpatient pediatric dental clinics was selected for the study. World Health Organization criteria were used to diagnose caries through assessment of the dfs index. Information regarding oral hygiene practices, socio-economic status, and educational status of the mother was obtained through a structured questionnaire given to mothers. The data were statistically analyzed with the Chi-square test and Student's t-test. Results: 73% of children were not brushing regularly; 74.4% of them were using fluoridated toothpaste. In the maxillary teeth, boys had a higher mean dfs index (10.25), as well as a higher number of decayed surfaces (ds), than girls. In the mandibular teeth, boys and girls had similar mean dfs indices. Significant differences were observed between boys and girls regarding filled buccal surfaces (p=0.001) and occlusal surfaces (p=0.001) in maxillary teeth. The mandibular first molar was the most commonly affected tooth (93.3%); lower anterior teeth were the least affected teeth (2-4%) among the primary dentition. Conclusion: The ECC pattern in the northern region of Saudi Arabia follows the typical pattern of nursing caries.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Arábia Saudita , Saúde Bucal , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Assistência Ambulatorial , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Creches , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Odontopediatria , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária
19.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4348, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas), BBO | ID: biblio-998004

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate self-medication for toothache and its associated factors in children and adolescents. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 252 children/adolescents aged 6-16 years. A questionnaire was applied with questions related to demographic and socioeconomic characteristics; experience of, and self-medication for, toothache; as well as aspects related to the condition. Descriptive and inferential statistical analyses (Pearson's Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test) were performed, with a 5% significance level. Results: The prevalence of toothache was 41.7%. In 96 cases analyzed, there was prevalence of 69.8% of self-medication for toothache. There were no statistically significant associations between self-medication for toothache and variables related to the children/adolescents (gender and age), their parents or guardians (age and schooling), socioeconomic characteristics (family income and number of people in the household) and aspects related to toothache (fever, crying and school absenteeism) (p>0.05). The most commonly used drug was paracetamol (60.7%), whose choice was based to its previous use by the study population for conditions not related to toothache (47.8%). Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of self-medication for toothache in the study population. No independent variable was associated with self-medication practice.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Prescrições de Medicamentos , Automedicação , Odontalgia/etiologia , Criança , Adolescente , Absenteísmo , Brasil , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
20.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4057, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas), BBO | ID: biblio-998006

RESUMO

Objective: To characterize the profile of patients with special needs assisted at a Dentistry School of a Brazilian University. Material and Methods: A retrospective and descriptive study was carried out through the analysis of 329 dental records from individuals with special needs assisted at the Dentistry for Special Needs Patients discipline between 2012 and 2017. Data on gender, age, race, monthly family income, schooling, medical diagnosis of the disabling condition, drug used and type of dental procedures performed were reviewed. Data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics (Shapiro-Wilk and t-student tests) with 5% significance level. Results: There was higher prevalence of females (50.5%) aged 45-54 years (18.7%), low schooling (36.2%) and monthly income of 1 minimum wage (61.9%). Most special needs were chronic systemic diseases (67.2%) and endocrine-metabolic diseases (16.7%). Among patients investigated, 66.3% used anti-hypertensive (38.3%) and anti-inflammatory (20.6%) drugs. Of dental procedures performed, curative procedures were the most prevalent in the majority of patients (90.6%). Conclusion: The profile of most patients with special needs was characterized by females with chronic systemic diseases and mean age of 39.6 years, low schooling and monthly family income of up to 1 minimum wage, whose main reason for the visit was the search for curative dental treatment.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Universidades , Brasil , Pessoas com Deficiência , Assistência Odontológica para Pessoas com Deficiências , Serviços de Saúde Bucal , Registros Médicos , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
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