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1.
Artigo em Coreano | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-782242

RESUMO

Donor cell leukemia (DCL), a rare but fatal complication arising from allogenic stem cell transplantation, is a complex disease associated with multiple pathophysiological processes. Specific diagnosis of DCL distinct from relapsed leukemia is important owing to its implications in setting up therapeutic approaches. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), short tandem repeat (STR), variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) tests, or informative single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis can be used to confirm the origin of leukemic cells from donor cells. Here, we report a case of DCL in a female patient after allogeneic peripheral stem cell transplantation from a male donor for the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) with PML-RARA. DCL developed 6 years after stem cell transplantation and leukemic cells of donor origin were confirmed by the presence of Y chromosome on the X/Y FISH analysis of bone marrow aspirate specimen. This is the first case of DCL reported in an APL patient in Korea.


Assuntos
Medula Óssea , Diagnóstico , Feminino , Fluorescência , Humanos , Hibridização In Situ , Coreia (Geográfico) , Leucemia , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda , Masculino , Repetições de Microssatélites , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue Periférico , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Sequências de Repetição em Tandem , Doadores de Tecidos , Cromossomo Y
2.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 20-29, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-782127

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Curcumin exerts its anti-cancer effects, partly by targeting special microRNAs, in human cancers. MiR-21 is a key oncomir in carcinogenesis of multiple human cancers. Here, we aimed to further explore the mechanistic insight into the link between curcumin and miR-21 on diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).MATERIALS AND METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR assays were performed to assess the levels of miR-21 and Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) mRNA. In situ hybridization assay was used for miR-21 expression visualization in lymphoma tissues. Western blot was used for determination of VHL protein, Ki-67, caspase-3, and cleaved caspase-3 levels. Dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation assay were employed to confirm the direct target of miR-21. MTT assay, flow cytometric analysis, and transwell assay were used to evaluate cell proliferation, apoptosis, and migration and invasion capacities, respectively.RESULTS: Curcumin repressed the proliferation, migration, and invasion abilities and promoted apoptosis in SU-DHL-8 cells. Curcumin inhibited miR-21 expression and curcumin exerted its anti-proliferation, anti-migration, anti-invasion, and pro-apoptosis effects by miR-21 in SU-DHL-8 cells. VHL was a direct target of miR-21. Moreover, curcumin exerted its regulatory effects on SU-DHL-8 cells by VHL.CONCLUSION: Curcumin exerted its anti-proliferation, anti-migration, anti-invasion, and pro-apoptosis functions, at least partly, by repressing miR-21 and regulating VHL expression in DLBCL cell line. Our findings provided a possible molecular mechanism of curcumin-mediated anti-cancer effect.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Linfócitos B , Western Blotting , Carcinogênese , Caspase 3 , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células , Curcumina , Humanos , Imunoprecipitação , Hibridização In Situ , Linfoma , Linfoma de Células B , MicroRNAs , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , RNA , RNA Mensageiro
3.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-787136

RESUMO

Regulator of calcineurin 1 (RCAN1) can be induced by an intracellular calcium increase and oxidative stress, which are characteristic features of temporal lobe epilepsy. Thus, we investigated the spatiotemporal expression and cellular localization of RCAN1 protein and mRNA in the mouse hippocampus after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (SE). Male C57BL/6 mice were given pilocarpine hydrochloride (280 mg/kg, i.p.) and allowed to develop 2 h of SE. Then the animals were given diazepam (10 mg/kg, i.p.) to stop the seizures and sacrificed at 1, 3, 7, 14, or 28 day after SE. Cresyl violet staining showed that pilocarpine-induced SE resulted in cell death in the CA1 and CA3 subfields of the hippocampus from 3 day after SE. RCAN1 immunoreactivity showed that RCAN1 was mainly expressed in neurons in the shammanipulated hippocampi. At 1 day after SE, RCAN1 expression became detected in hippocampal neuropils. However, RCAN1 signals were markedly enhanced in cells with stellate morphology at 3 and 7 day after SE, which were confirmed to be reactive astrocytes, but not microglia by double immunofluorescence. In addition, real-time reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction showed a significant upregulation of RCAN1 isoform 4 (RCAN1-4) mRNA in the SE-induced hippocampi. Finally, in situ hybridization with immunohistochemistry revealed astrocytic expression of RCAN1-4 after SE. These results demonstrate astrocytic upregulation of RCAN1 and RCAN1-4 in the mouse hippocampus in the acute and subacute phases of epileptogenesis, providing foundational information for the potential role of RCAN1 in reactive astrocytes during epileptogenesis.


Assuntos
Animais , Astrócitos , Calcineurina , Cálcio , Morte Celular , Diazepam , Epilepsia , Epilepsia do Lobo Temporal , Imunofluorescência , Hipocampo , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização In Situ , Masculino , Camundongos , Microglia , Neurônios , Neurópilo , Estresse Oxidativo , Pilocarpina , RNA Mensageiro , Convulsões , Estado Epiléptico , Regulação para Cima , Viola
4.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-811193

RESUMO

Breast adenomyoepitheliomas are composed of a biphasic proliferation of myoepithelial cells around small epithelial-lined spaces. Due to the rarity of adenomyoepitheliomas, the molecular data describing them are limited. Adenomyoepitheliomas are considered to be benign or have low malignant potential, and be prone to local recurrence. Malignant transformation has been associated with homozygous deletion of CDKN2A or somatic mutations in TERT, but remains unexplained in many cases. Here, we describe a case of carcinomatous transformation of both epithelial and myoepithelial cells in an estrogen receptor-negative adenomyoepithelioma caused by amplification of MYC. Break-apart fluorescence in situ hybridization revealed an increase in the MYC gene copy number (3–4 copies/cell in 37%, > 4 copies/cell in 40%). Deregulation of MYC is responsible for uncontrolled proliferation and cellular immortalization in basal-like breast cancers. Our case demonstrates that genomic instability events associated with gene amplification may be involved in the carcinogenesis of malignant adenomyoepitheliomas.


Assuntos
Adenomioepitelioma , Neoplasias da Mama , Mama , Carcinogênese , Estrogênios , Fluorescência , Amplificação de Genes , Genes myc , Instabilidade Genômica , Hibridização In Situ , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Recidiva
5.
Neotrop. ichthyol ; 17(2): e190010, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas), VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1012708

RESUMO

The transposable elements (TE) have been widely applied as physical chromosome markers. However, in Loricariidae there are few physical mapping analyses of these elements. Considering the importance of transposable elements for chromosomal evolution and genome organization, this study conducted the physical chromosome mapping of retroelements (RTEs) Rex1, Rex3 and Rex6 in seven species of the genus Harttia and four species of the genus Hypostomus, aiming to better understand the organization and dynamics of genomes of Loricariidae species. The results showed an intense accumulation of RTEs Rex1, Rex3 and Rex6 and dispersed distribution in heterochromatic and euchromatic regions in the genomes of the species studied here. The presence of retroelements in some chromosomal regions suggests their participation in various chromosomal rearrangements. In addition, the intense accumulation of three retroelements in all species of Harttia and Hypostomus, especially in euchromatic regions, can indicate the participation of these elements in the diversification and evolution of these species through the molecular domestication by genomes of hosts, with these sequences being a co-option for new functions.(AU)


Os elementos transponíveis (TE) têm sido amplamente aplicados como marcadores cromossômicos. Contudo, em Loricariidae, há poucas análises de mapeamento físico destes elementos. Considerando a importância de elementos transponíveis para a evolução cromossômica e organização genômica, este trabalho realizou o mapeamento físico cromossômico dos retroelementos (RTEs) Rex1, Rex3 e Rex6 em sete espécies do gênero Harttia e em quatro espécies do gênero Hypostomus, com o intuito de melhor compreender a organização e dinâmica dos genomas das espécies de Loricariidae. Os resultados evidenciaram um intenso acúmulo dos RTEs Rex1, Rex3 e Rex6 e distribuição dispersa em regiões heterocromáticas e eucromáticas no genoma das espécies estudadas. A presença de retroelementos em algumas regiões cromossômicas sugere sua participação em vários rearranjos cromossômicos. Além disso, o intenso acúmulo dos três retroelementos em todas as espécies de Harttia e Hypostomus, especialmente em regiões eucromáticas, pode indicar a participação destes elementos na diversificação e evolução destas espécies através da domesticação molecular pelo genoma dos hospedeiros, com estas sequências sendo co-optadas paras novas funções.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Peixes-Gato/genética , Genes pX/genética , Hibridização In Situ/veterinária
6.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 132-139, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-742526

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Clinical implications of single patient classifier (SPC) and microsatellite instability (MSI) in stage II/III gastric cancer have been reported. We investigated SPC and the status of MSI and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) as combinatory biomarkers to predict the prognosis and responsiveness of adjuvant chemotherapy for stage II/III gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tumor specimens and clinical information were collected from patients enrolled in CLASSIC trial, a randomized controlled study of capecitabine plus oxaliplatin-based adjuvant chemotherapy. The results of nine-gene based SPC assay were classified as prognostication (SPC-prognosis) and prediction of chemotherapy benefit (SPC-prediction). Five quasimonomorphic mononucleotide markers were used to assess tumor MSI status. EBV-encoded small RNA in situ hybridization was performed to define EBV status. RESULTS: There were positive associations among SPC, MSI, and EBV statuses among 586 patients. In multivariate analysis of disease-free survival, SPC-prognosis [hazard ratio (HR): 1.879 (1.101–3.205), 2.399 (1.415–4.067), p=0.003] and MSI status (HR: 0.363, 95% confidence interval: 0.161–0.820, p=0.015) were independent prognostic factors along with age, Lauren classification, TNM stage, and chemotherapy. Patient survival of SPC-prognosis was well stratified regardless of EBV status and in microsatellite stable (MSS) group, but not in MSI-high group. Significant survival benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy was observed by SPC-Prediction in MSS and EBV-negative gastric cancer. CONCLUSION: SPC, MSI, and EBV statuses could be used in combination to predict the prognosis and responsiveness of adjuvant chemotherapy for stage II/III gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Capecitabina , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Classificação , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Tratamento Farmacológico , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Hibridização In Situ , Instabilidade de Microssatélites , Repetições de Microssatélites , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , RNA , Neoplasias Gástricas
7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 158-162, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-742523

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Trastuzumab is an effective treatment for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-amplified breast cancers. We sought to develop a simple protocol for HER2 image analysis of breast cancer specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a preliminary test, we found that at least 1000 tumor cells need to be examined in the most strongly stained areas. Next, we evaluated the clinical usefulness of this established protocol of image analysis in 555 breast cancer patients. Results of the HER2 immunohistochemical (IHC) staining were compared between manual scoring and image analysis. RESULTS: The HER2 IHC results obtained by the image analysis method correlated well with those obtained by the manual scoring method (Cohen's kappa=0.830). Using the HER2 silver in situ hybridization (SISH) results as a gold standard, sensitivity values were 72.1% for manual scoring and 74.0% for image analysis; specificity values were 96.2% for manual scoring and 94.7% for image analysis; and accuracy values were 91.7% for manual scoring and 90.8% for image analysis. McNemar's test was applied to the results, and there were no statistically significant differences in sensitivity and specificity between the positive (p=0.688) and negative (p=0.118) SISH groups. CONCLUSION: HER2 image analysis results were similar to those obtained via the manual scoring method, indicating that the use of image analysis can reduce assessment time and effort. We suggest that image analysis-based evaluation of 1000 tumor cells in the most strongly IHC-stained area, regardless of stroma content, is sufficient for determining HER2 expression levels in breast cancer specimens.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mama , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização In Situ , Métodos , Receptores ErbB , Projetos de Pesquisa , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Prata , Trastuzumab
8.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-719616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in non-small cell lung cancers have emerged as key predictive biomarkers in EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment. However, a few patients with wild-type EGFR also respond to EGFR TKIs. This study investigated the factors predicting successful EGFR TKI treatment in lung adenocarcinoma patients with wild-type EGFR. METHODS: We examined 66 patients diagnosed with lung adenocarcinoma carrying wide-type EGFR who were treated with EGFR TKIs. The EGFR gene copy number was assessed by silver in situ hybridization (SISH). We evaluated the clinical factors and EGFR gene copy numbers that are associated with a favorable clinical response to EGFR TKIs. RESULTS: The objective response rate was 12.1%, while the disease control rate was 40.9%. EGFR SISH analysis was feasible in 23 cases. Twelve patients tested EGFR SISH-positive, and 11 were EGFR SISH-negative, with no significant difference in tumor response and survival between EGFR SISH-positive and -negative patients. The overall median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of 66 patients were 2.1 months and 9.7 months, respectively. Female sex and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) of 0–1 were independent predictors of PFS. ECOG PS 0–1 and a low tumor burden of extrathoracic metastasis were independent predictors of good OS. CONCLUSION: Factors such as good PS, female sex, and low tumor burden may predict favorable outcomes following EGFR TKI therapy in patients with EGFR wild-type lung adenocarcinoma. However, EGFR gene copy number was not predictive of survival.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Biomarcadores , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Genes erbB-1 , Humanos , Hibridização In Situ , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pulmão , Metástase Neoplásica , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases , Receptores ErbB , Prata , Carga Tumoral
9.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-766040

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) classification of central nervous system (CNS) tumors has been modified to incorporate the IDH mutation and 1p/19q co-deletion in the diagnosis of diffuse gliomas. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the feasibility and prognostic significance of the revised 2016 WHO classification of CNS tumors in Mongolian patients with diffuse gliomas. METHODS: A total of 124 cases of diffuse gliomas were collected, and tissue microarray blocks were made. IDH1 mutation was tested using immunohistochemistry, and 1p/19q co-deletion status was examined using fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis. RESULTS: According to the 2016 WHO classification, 124 cases of diffuse brain glioma were reclassified as follows: 10 oligodendroglioma, IDHmut and 1p/19q co-deleted; three anaplastic oligodendroglioma, IDHmut and 1p/19q co-deleted; 35 diffuse astrocytoma, IDHmut, 11 diffuse astrocytoma, IDHwt, not otherwise specified (NOS); 22 anaplastic astrocytoma, IDHmut, eight anaplastic astrocytoma, IDHwt, NOS; and 35 glioblastoma, IDHwt, NOS, respectively. The 2016 WHO classification presented better prognostic value for overall survival in patients with grade II tumors than traditional histological classification. Among patients with grade II tumors, those with oligodendroglioma IDHmut and 1p/19q co-deleted and diffuse astrocytoma IDHmut showed significantly higher survival than those with diffuse astrocytoma IDHwt, NOS (p<.01). CONCLUSIONS: Mongolian diffuse gliomas could be reclassified according to the new 2016 WHO classification. Reclassification revealed substantial changes in diagnosis of both oligodendroglial and astrocytic entities. We have confirmed that the revised 2016 WHO CNS tumor classification has prognostic significance in Mongolian patients with diffuse gliomas, especially those with grade II tumors.


Assuntos
Astrocitoma , Encéfalo , Sistema Nervoso Central , Deleção Cromossômica , Classificação , Diagnóstico , Fluorescência , Glioblastoma , Glioma , Saúde Global , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização In Situ , Isocitrato Desidrogenase , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso , Sistema Nervoso , Oligodendroglioma , Organização Mundial da Saúde
10.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-766038

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Single staining is commonly performed for practical pathologic diagnoses. However, this method is limited in its ability to specify cellular morphology and immunophenotype and often requires consumption of limited tissue. This study aimed to describe an optimized protocol for multiple in situ hybridization (ISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). METHODS: The quality of multistaining was evaluated by carefully changing each step of ISH and IHC in an angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) case on a Ventana BenchMark XT automated immunostainer. The optimized protocols were also performed using another immunostainer and in 15 cases of five Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)–associated malignancies using formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue. RESULTS: The quality of various ISH-IHC staining protocols was semi-quantitatively evaluated. The best EBV-encoded RNA (EBER)-ISH/double IHC staining quality, equivalent to single staining, was obtained using the following considerations: initial EBER-ISH application, use of protease and antigen retrieval reagent (cell conditioning 1 [CC1] treatment time was minimized due to impact on tissue quality), additional baking/deparaffinization not needed, and reduced dilution ratio and increased reaction time for primary antibody compared with single immunostaining. Furthermore, shorter second CC1 treatment time yielded better results. Multiple staining was the best quality in another immunostainer and for different types of EBV-associated malignancies when it was performed in the same manner as for the Ventana BenchMark XT as determined for AITL. CONCLUSIONS: EBER-ISH and double IHC could be easily used in clinical practice with currently available automated immunostainers and adjustment of reagent treatment time, dilution ratio, and antibody reaction time.


Assuntos
Benchmarking , Diagnóstico , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização In Situ , Linfoma de Células T , Métodos , Tempo de Reação , RNA
11.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-764548

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) and 3 (HER3) belong to the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family of transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinases. In this study, we assessed HER2/HER3 expression levels in specimens of epithelial ovarian cancer and determined their correlation with clinical features of ovarian cancer. METHODS: Tissue microarrays (TMAs) were prepared from paraffin blocks of 105 ovarian tumour samples. HER2, HER3, PI3K, Akt, p-Akt, mTOR, p-mTOR, S6, and p-S6 expression levels were investigated using immunohistochemistry (IHC). HER2 and HER3 amplifications were determined using in situ hybridization (ISH). The correlation between HER2/3 expression and disease outcome of the patients including surgical outcome, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) was analysed. RESULTS: HER2 positivity was 3.8% by IHC and 5.7% by ISH, whereas that of HER3 was 12.4% and 8.6%, respectively. HER2 status by either IHC or ISH was not related to PFS (p=0.128, 0.168, respectively) and OS (p=0.245, 0.164, respectively). However, the HER3 status determined using fluorescence ISH was associated with poor PFS (p=0.035 on log rank test), which was a significant risk factor even after adjusting other possible risk factors in multivariate analysis (hazard ratio=2.377 [1.18–7.49], p=0.021). Expressions of Akt, p-mTOR, and S6 were also related with poor progression (p=0.008, 0.049, 0.014, respectively). CONCLUSION: HER3 is possibly an independent marker for poor prognosis in individuals with ovarian cancer, as the HER3 signalling pathway is distinct from that of HER2. The possibility of targeted therapy for patients with HER3 alteration in ovarian cancer should be evaluated.


Assuntos
Intervalo Livre de Doença , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico , Fluorescência , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização In Situ , Análise Multivariada , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Parafina , Fosfotransferases , Prognóstico , Receptores ErbB , Fatores de Risco , Tirosina
12.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-763122

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to analyze the discordance between immunohistochemistry (IHC)-based surrogate subtyping and PAM50 intrinsic subtypes and to assess overall survival (OS) according to discordance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 607 patients were analyzed. Hormone receptor (HR) expression was evaluated by IHC, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expression was analyzed by IHC and/or fluorescence in situ hybridization. PAM50 intrinsic subtypes were determined according to 50 cancer genes using the NanoString nCounter Analysis System. We matched concordant tumor as luminal A and HR+/HER2–, luminal B and HR+/HER2+, HR–/HER2+ and HER2–enriched, and triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and normal- or basal-like. We used Ion Ampliseq Cancer Panel v2 was used to identify the genomic alteration related with discordance. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate OS. RESULTS: In total, 233 patients (38.4%) were discordant between IHC-based subtype and PAM50 intrinsic subtype. Using targeted sequencing, we detected somatic mutation–related discordant breast cancer including the VHL gene in the HR+/HER2– group (31% in concordant group, 0% in discordant group, p=0.03) and the IDH and RET genes (7% vs. 12%, p=0.02 and 0% vs. 25%, p=0.02, respectively) in the TNBC group. Among the luminal A/B patients with a discordant result had significantly worse OS (median OS, 73.6 months vs. not reached; p < 0.001), and among the patients with HR positivity, the basal-like group as determined by PAM50 showed significantly inferior OS compared to other intrinsic subtypes (5-year OS rate, 92.2% vs. 75.6%; p=0.01). CONCLUSION: A substantial portion of patients showed discrepancy between IHC subtype and PAM50 intrinsic subtype in our study. The survival analysis demonstrated that current IHC-based classification could mislead the treatment and result in poor outcome. Current guidelines for IHC might be updated accordingly.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mama , Classificação , Fluorescência , Genes Neoplásicos , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização In Situ , Métodos , Fenobarbital , Receptores ErbB , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas
13.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-774353

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the correlation of EBV infection with expression of TNF-α-inducing protein 3 gene and A20 protein in Hodgkin lmphoma.@*METHODS@#The clinical data and pathological specimens of 65 cases of Hodgkin's lymphoma in our hospital were analyzed retrospectively, and the tissue chips were made for the rich area of the tumor cells. The latent membrane protein 1 encoded by EBV was measured by immunohistochemical staining, and the RNA encoded by EBV was measured by in situ hybridization to analyze the infection state. The gene expression of tumor necrosis factor.α-induced protein 3 was detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization, and the expression of A20 protein encoded by EBV was detected by immunohistochemical staining. The obtained data were processed by SPSS 23.0 version statistical software.@*RESULTS@#The positive rate of latent membrane protein 1 was 26.15% (17/65), the positive rate of EBV encoded RNA was 26.15% (17/65), and the coincidence rate was 100.00%. In 65 patients, A20 protein expression was lost in 18 cases (27.69%), and 14 cases (21.54%) showed homozygous or heterozygous deletion of tumor necrosis factorα protein 3 gene. Only 1 case showed A20 loss combined with homozygous deletion of TNFα inducible protein 3. Correlation analysis showed that EBV infection did not significantly relate with expression loss of A20 protein and the gene deletion of TNF-α inducing protein 3 (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression loss of A20 protein and gene detection of TNFα inducing protein 3 are found in both EBV negative and positive patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma, however the results of immunohistochemical staining and fluorescence in situ hybridization are not complete consistant, the reason may closely relate with the technical factors.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Doença de Hodgkin , Humanos , Hibridização In Situ , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteína 3 Induzida por Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Genética , Proteínas da Matriz Viral
14.
Artigo em Coreano | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-742145

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the cause of infectious mononucleosis, which is characterized by fever, lymphadenopathy, and sore throat. On the other hand, gastrointestinal symptoms of EBV infection like dyspepsia, abdominal pain are non-specific and rarely encountered, which means it is difficult to diagnose gastric involvement of EBV infection without suspicion. The relation between gastric carcinoma and gastric lymphoma associated with EBV infection is well defined, but relations with other EBV-associated gastrointestinal diseases such as gastritis and peptic ulcer disease have rarely been reported. We report a case of benign gastric ulcer with EBV infection confirmed by endoscopic and histological findings.


Assuntos
Dor Abdominal , Dispepsia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Febre , Gastrite , Gastroenteropatias , Mãos , Helicobacter pylori , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Hibridização In Situ , Mononucleose Infecciosa , Doenças Linfáticas , Linfoma , Úlcera Péptica , Faringite , Úlcera Gástrica
15.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1351-1361, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-717517

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Molecular treatments targeting epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs) are important strategies for advanced colorectal cancer (CRC). However, clinicopathologic implications of EGFRs and EGFR ligand signaling have not been fully evaluated. We evaluated the expression of EGFR ligands and correlation with their receptors, clinicopathologic factors, and patients’ survival with CRC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of EGFR ligands, including heparin binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HBEGF), transforming growth factor (TGF), betacellulin, and epidermal growth factor (EGF), were evaluated in 331 consecutive CRC samples using mRNA in situ hybridization (ISH). We also evaluated the expression status of EGFR, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), HER3, and HER4 using immunohistochemistry and/or silver ISH. RESULTS: Unlike low incidences of TGF (38.1%), betacellulin (7.9%), and EGF (2.1%), HBEGF expression was noted in 62.2% of CRC samples. However, the expression of each EGFR ligand did not reveal significant correlations with survival. The combined analyses of EGFR ligands and EGFR expression indicated that the ligands–/EGFR+ group showed a significant association with the worst disease-free survival (DFS; p=0.018) and overall survival (OS; p=0.005). It was also an independent, unfavorable prognostic factor for DFS (p=0.026) and OS (p=0.007). Additionally, HER4 nuclear expression, regardless of ligand expression, was an independent, favorable prognostic factor for DFS (p=0.034) and OS (p=0.049), by multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Ligand-independent EGFR overexpression was suggested to have a significant prognostic impact; thus, the expression status of EGFR ligands, in addition to EGFR, might be necessary for predicting patients' outcome in CRC.


Assuntos
Betacelulina , Neoplasias Colorretais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico , Heparina , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização In Situ , Incidência , Ligantes , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Receptores ErbB , RNA Mensageiro , Prata , Fatores de Crescimento Transformadores
16.
Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine [The]. 2018; 71 (2): 2556-2563
em Inglês | IMEMR (Mediterrâneo Oriental) | ID: emr-192498

RESUMO

Background: kappa and lambda light chains detection in bone marrow trephine sections help in the determination of B-cell clonality through evaluation of light chain restriction


Aim of the Work: was to compare the efficacy of single color detection-based immunohistochemistry [IHC] and chromogenic in situ hybridization [CISH] in evaluating kappa/lambda expression in tissues harboring B-lymphoid lesions


Patients and Methods: Forty patients were enrolled in this study. They were divided into three groups chronic lymphocytic leukemia [CLL/SLL] group I [n=13], non-Hodgkin lymphoma [NHL] group II [n=24] and hairy cell leukemia [HCL] group III [n=3]. The 24 NHL cases comprised of [11 diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, 6 mantle cell lymphomas, 3 marginal zone lymphoma, 2 lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma, 1 follicular lymphomas and 1 Burkitt's lymphoma]. Kappa and lambda light chains were detected in their bone marrow trephine sections using single colored immunohistochemistry, chromogenic in situ hybridization and the results were compared to the flowcytometry as reference method


Results: Light chain restriction [LCR] was detected by FCM in 100% of the cases followed by CISH [52.1%; 12/23] of the cases and finally IHC [43%; 18/40]


Conclusion: Both conventional CISH and IHC are effective in determining monoclonality in cases of mature B- cell neoplasm that has plasmacytic differentiation and with high amount of cytoplasmic Ig light chains such as MZL and LP. However, they are not effective in determining monoclonality in cases with low amount of Ig light chain such as cases of pregerminal and germinal center lymphoma. Yet, CISH is more informative than IHC due to the lack of background staining which allowed for greater discrimination between absence and presence of monoclonality


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Cadeias kappa de Imunoglobulina , Cadeias lambda de Imunoglobulina , Linfoma de Células B/imunologia , Imuno-Histoquímica , Compostos Cromogênicos , Hibridização In Situ/métodos , Rearranjo Gênico de Cadeia Leve de Linfócito B
17.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-758839

RESUMO

A novel porcine circovirus 3 (PCV3) was first detected in pigs showing porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome, reproductive failure, and multisystemic inflammation in the USA. Herein, we report on PCV3 as a potential etiological agent of clinical signs, reproductive failure and respiratory distress on Korean pig farms, based on in situ hybridization, pathological, and molecular findings. Confirmation of the presence of PCV3 may increase co-infection with other causative agents of disease in Korean pig herds, indicating the need for further systemic investigation of pathogenicity and of multiple infections with PCV2 genotypes and bacteria, and the development of an effective PCV3 vaccine.


Assuntos
Feto Abortado , Agricultura , Bactérias , Circovirus , Coinfecção , Dermatite , Genótipo , Hibridização In Situ , Inflamação , Coreia (Geográfico) , Suínos , Virulência
18.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-772598

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#: To observe the expression of gene in the early development stage of wild zebrafish embryos.@*METHODS@#: The collinearity of gene and the sequence similarity of G6pd protein were analyzed with gene database and BLAST software, respectively. Expression of gene in different development stages of zebrafish embryos was detected by hybridization. The -EGFP-pCS recombinant plasmids were microinjected into zebrafish embryos, and fluorescence was observed under a fluorescence microscope. The expression of G6pd protein at 24, 48 and 72 hour post fertilization (hpf) zebrafish embryos was detected by Western blotting; the enzyme activity of G6pd at 24, 48 and 72 hpf zebrafish embryos was detected by modified G6pd quantitative ratio method.@*RESULTS@#: The G6pd protein similarity of zebrafish and human was 88%, and that of zebrafish and mouse was 87%. The results of hybridization showed that the gene was mainly expressed in the hematopoietic tissues of zebrafish; the results observed after microinjection of -EGFP-pCS recombinant plasmid were consistent with the results of hybridization. At 24, 48 and 72 hpf, the relative expression levels of G6pd protein in zebrafish embryos were 1.44±0.03, 1.47±0.05, and 1.54±0.02, respectively(>0.05); the G6pd enzyme activity levels were 1.74±0.17, 1.75±0.12, 1.71±0.22, respectively (>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#: The study has observed the expression of gene and G6pd protein, and G6pd enzyme activity in zebrafish embryos at different development phases, which provides a reference for the establishment of a zebrafish G6PD deficiency model.


Assuntos
Animais , Embrião não Mamífero , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase , Genética , Humanos , Hibridização In Situ , Camundongos , Plasmídeos , Genética , Peixe-Zebra , Embriologia , Genética
19.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-760476

RESUMO

In patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), pleural effusion may be attributed to various factors, including infection, hypoalbuminemia, and renal failure. However, leukemic infiltration of the pleural fluid is rarely reported and poorly understood. Extramedullary diseases have been reported with increasing frequency as the survival rates of patients with AML have increased. However, the reported prognostic effects of leukemic pleural effusion in patients with AML range from none to a worse prognosis. Here, we report a case of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) in a patient exhibiting leukemic pleural effusion with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) results indicating the presence of the PML-RARA fusion gene. A 52-year-old man presented with pancytopenia, dyspnea, and fever. He had a medical history of hypertension, end-stage renal disease, and hepatitis B virus-related liver cirrhosis. A peripheral blood smear revealed the presence of multiple abnormally hypergranular promyelocytes. White blood cell differential counts were not performed due to severe pancytopenia. A bone marrow examination, immunophenotyping analysis, and cytogenetic and molecular studies revealed APL. The patient was treated with all-trans retinoic acid immediately after abnormal promyelocytes were observed in the peripheral blood smear, but induction chemotherapy was delayed because of his poor condition. His persistent dyspnea and abdominal discomfort led to a thoracentesis and the observation of abnormal promyelocytes that were positive for PML-RARA fusion gene by FISH. To our knowledge, this is the first report of leukemic pleural infiltration with PML-RARA fusion gene-positivity via FISH.


Assuntos
Exame de Medula Óssea , Citogenética , Dispneia , Febre , Fluorescência , Células Precursoras de Granulócitos , Hepatite B , Humanos , Hipertensão , Hipoalbuminemia , Imunofenotipagem , Hibridização In Situ , Quimioterapia de Indução , Falência Renal Crônica , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda , Infiltração Leucêmica , Leucócitos , Cirrose Hepática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pancitopenia , Derrame Pleural , Prognóstico , Insuficiência Renal , Taxa de Sobrevida , Toracentese , Tretinoína
20.
Blood Research ; : 152-159, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-714928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To analyze the frequency of atypical fluorescence in situ hybridization signal patterns and estimate the complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) and major molecular response (MMR) during 12 months of tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy in patients with newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia. METHODS: The study included bone marrow and peripheral blood samples from 122 patients with newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia. Detection of the breakpoint cluster region—Abelson fusion gene (BCR-ABL1) was performed using fluorescence in situ hybridization with a dual-color dual-fusion translocation probe, and MMR analysis was performed using the real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction method. RESULTS: Variant translocation was determined in 10 samples and a deletion on the derivative chromosome 9 (del/der(9)) was found in 20 samples. The rates of CCyR and MMR were similar between patients with reciprocal translocation, variant translocation, deletion of derivative BCR, or ABL1-BCR fusion gene. The Kaplan-Meier test did not show any significant differences in the rates of CCyR and MMR among those groups of patients. CONCLUSION: The frequencies of variant translocation and del/der(9) in the present study agree with the results of other studies performed worldwide. No differences were observed in the rates of CCyR and MMR between patients with atypical patterns and reciprocal translocation.


Assuntos
Medula Óssea , Cromossomos Humanos Par 9 , Citogenética , Fluorescência , Humanos , Hibridização In Situ , Incidência , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva , Leucemia Mieloide , Métodos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases , Tirosina
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