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1.
Brasília; s.n; 10 jul. 2020.
Não convencional em Português | LILACS (Américas), BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117640

RESUMO

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 20 artigos e 16 protocolos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Betacoronavirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Esteroides/toxicidade , Avaliação da Tecnologia Biomédica , Vitamina D/uso terapêutico , Ivermectina/uso terapêutico , Imunoglobulinas/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Vacinas/uso terapêutico , Cloroquina/uso terapêutico , Cloridrato de Fingolimode/uso terapêutico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Lítio/uso terapêutico
2.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(1): 310-315, jan./feb. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-1049253

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different commercial silanes on microshear bond strength of resin cement to lithium disilicate ceramic. Twenty ceramic samples with 10 mm in length, 10 mm wide and 3 mm in thickness were fabricated, etched with 10% hydrofluoric acid for 20 seconds, and divided into 5 groups, according to the commercial silane applied: G1- RelyX Ceramic Primer (3M ESPE), G2- Angelus Silane, G3- Prosil (FGM), G4- Dentsply Silane (Dentsply) and G5- Bis-Silane (Bisco). Silanes were applied in accordance to manufacturers' recommendations. Addition silicone molds with 1 mm in thickness, 10 mm in diameter and 3 perforations with 1 mm in diameter each one, were placed on ceramic and filled with the resin cement RelyX ARC (3M ESPE) in all groups. Light activation was performed with LED Bluephase G2 (Ivoclar Vivadent) at 1200 mW/cm2, for 30 seconds. Samples were maintained in 100% humidity at 37°C for 24 hours and submitted to microshear test. The data (MPa) were submitted to one-way ANOVA and Tukey test (α=0.05). The results obtained for each group were: G1: 22.39±2.99; G2: 23.35±4.08; G3: 26.05±5.46; G4: 18.56±4.09; G5: 25.26±4.10. Statistical analysis showed significantly lower microshear bond strength for G4. Fracture pattern analysis showed predominance of adhesive failures in G1 and G2. G3 and G5 presented higher percentage of cohesive failures in ceramic, and G4 showed mixed, adhesive and cohesive fractures with similar percentages. It was concluded that different silanes showed influence on the lithium disilicate ceramic ­ resin cement bond strength


O objetivo neste estudo foi avaliar o efeito de diferentes silanos comerciais na resistência de união ao microcisalhamento do cimento resinoso à cerâmica de dissilicato de lítio. Foram confeccionadas 20 amostras de cerâmica (10mm de comprimento, 10mm de largura e 3mm de espessura), condicionadas com ácido fluorídrico a 10% por 20 segundos e divididas em 5 grupos, de acordo com o silano aplicado: G1- RelyX Ceramic Primer (3M ESPE), G2- Silano Angelus, G3-Prosil (FGM), G4- Silano Dentsply e G5-Bis-Silane (Bisco). Matrizes de silicone por adição (1 mm de espessura, 10 mm de diâmetro e 3 perfurações com 1 mm de diâmetro) foram colocadas sobre a cerâmica e preenchidas com cimento resinoso RelyX ARC (3M ESPE). A fotoativação foi realizada com LED Bluephase G2 (Ivoclar Vivadent) a 1200 mW/cm2, por 30 segundos. As amostras foram mantidas em 100% de umidade a 37°C por 24 horas e submetidas ao teste de microcisalhamento. Os dados (MPa) (G1: 22,39+2,99; G2: 23,35+4,08; G3: 26,05+5,46; G4: 18,56+ 4,09; G5: 25,26+4,10) foram submetidos a análise de variância e ao teste de Tukey (p<0,05). A análise estatística mostrou valor de resistência de união significantemente menor para G4. A análise do padrão de fratura mostrou predominância de falha adesiva para G1 e G2. G3 e G5 apresentaram maior porcentagem de falha coesiva em cerâmica, e o G4 apresentou fraturas mista, adesiva e coesiva em igual porcentagem. Concluiu-se que os diferentes silanos apresentaram influência na resistência de união do cimento resinoso à cerâmica de dissilicato de lítio


Assuntos
Silanos , Cerâmica , Cimentos Dentários , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Lítio , Cimento de Silicato , Cimentação , Cimentos de Resina , Porcelana Dentária
3.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-811436

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of crown material (lithium-disilicate, 3Y-TZP zirconia) and abutment type (rigid implant, resin tooth with artificial periodontium) on wear performance of their antagonist teeth and adjacent teeth.MATERIALS AND METHODS: A mandibular left first molar (#36) with adjacent human teeth (mandibular left second premolar: #35, mandibular left second molar: #37) and antagonistic human teeth (maxillary left second premolar: #25, maxillary left first molar: #26, maxillary left second molar: #27) was prepared simulating a section of the jaw. Samples were made with extracted human molars (Reference), crowned implants (Implant), or crowned resin tooth analogues (Tooth). Crowns (tooth #36; n = 16/material) were milled from lithium-disilicate (Li, IPS e.max CAD) or 3Y-TZP zirconia (Zr, IPS e.max ZirCAD, both Ivoclar Vivadent). Thermal cycling and mechanical loading (TCML) in the chewing simulator were applied simulating 15 years of clinical service. Wear traces were analyzed (frequency [n], depth [µm]) and evaluated using scanning electron pictures. Wear results were compared by one-way-ANOVA and post-hoc-Bonferroni (α = 0.05).RESULTS: After TCML, no visible wear traces were found on Zr. Li showed more wear traces (n = 30–31) than the reference (n = 21). Antagonistic teeth #26 showed more wear traces in contact to both ceramics (n = 27–29) than to the reference (n = 21). Strong wear traces (> 350 µm) on antagonists and their adjacent teeth were found only in crowned groups. Abutment type influenced number and depth of wear facets on the antagonistic and adjacent teeth.CONCLUSION: The clinically relevant model with human antagonistic and adjacent teeth allowed for a limited comparison of the wear situation. The total number of wear traces and strong wear on crowns, antagonistic and adjacent teeth were influenced by crown material.


Assuntos
Dente Pré-Molar , Cerâmica , Coroas , Humanos , Arcada Osseodentária , Lítio , Mastigação , Dente Molar , Dente
4.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 41(5): 419-427, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-1039115

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate whether an animal model of mania induced by lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (LDX) has an inflammatory profile and whether immune activation by lipopolysaccharides (LPS) has a cumulative effect on subsequent stimuli in this model. We also evaluated the action of lithium (Li) on inflammatory and neurotrophic factors. Methods: Adult male Wistar rats were subjected to an animal model of mania. After the open-field test, they were given LPS to induce systemic immune activation. Subsequently, the animals' blood was collected, and their serum levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and inflammatory markers (tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α, interleukin [IL]-6, IL-1β, IL-10, and inducible nitric oxide synthase [iNOS]) were measured. Results: LDX induced hyperactivity in the animals, but no inflammatory marker levels increased except brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Li had no effect on serum BDNF levels but prevented iNOS levels from increasing in animals subjected to immune activation. Conclusion: Although Li prevented an LPS-induced increase in serum iNOS levels, its potential anti-inflammatory effects in this animal model of mania were conflicting.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Transtorno Bipolar/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Dimesilato de Lisdexanfetamina , Lítio/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Fatores de Crescimento Neural/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo , Transtorno Bipolar/fisiopatologia , Transtorno Bipolar/induzido quimicamente , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Citocinas/sangue , Resultado do Tratamento , Ratos Wistar , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/sangue , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/sangue , Locomoção/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2019. 118 p. il., tab., graf..
Tese em Português | LILACS (Américas), BBO | ID: biblio-1024042

RESUMO

O desempenho das cerâmicas odontológicas é um aspecto bastante explorado na literatura, uma vez que o aprimoramento das suas características permite desenvolver materiais com maior longevidade. Trincas, delaminações, lascamentos e fraturas catastróficas são as falhas mais encontradas em restaurações cerâmicas. O objetivo dessa pesquisa foi conhecer o comportamento mecânico de coroas monolíticas gradadas e avaliar a possibilidade de produzir uma vitrocerâmica experimental a base de dissilicato de lítio com gradiente funcional de porosidade. Este trabalho foi dividido em duas partes: a primeira, teórico/computacional e a segunda, a fabricação do produto. 1) Através de software CAD foi modelado um molar inferior com preparo tradicional para coroa total e uma coroa total monolítica com camada de cimento resinoso entreposto. Quatro grupos foram compostos pela variação da composição das coroas totais: Coroa rígida (E=80 GPa), flexível (E=30 GPa), gradação bioinspirada (de 80 até 30 GPa) e gradação inversa (de 30 até 80 GPa). O modelo foi exportado para o software de análise. Os materiais foram considerados isotrópicos, linearmente elásticos e homogêneos, com contatos ideais. Uma força de 300N foi aplicada na face oclusal, a base do modelo foi fixada em todas as direções. A tensão máxima principal, tensão de Von-Mises e deslocamento foram utilizadas para observar o comportamento mecânico. 2) Uma mistura de óxidos foi homogeneizada e submetida à fusão. As fritas obtidas por resfriamento foram moídas e passaram por diferentes tratamentos térmicos, seguido das análises de DSC e DRX. Seis grupos experimentais foram obtidos: DL-E (vitrocerâmica densa a base de dissilicato de lítio simulando esmalte); DL-D (vitrocerâmica densa a base de dissilicato de lítio simulando dentina); DLGrad (vitrocerâmica gradada a base de dissilicato de lítio); YTZP-E (vitrocerâmica densa reforçada por YTZP simulando esmalte); YTZP-D (vitrocerâmica densa reforçada por YTZP simulando dentina); YGrad (vitrocerâmica gradada reforçada por YTZP). Suspensões aquosas contendo 23 e 30%-vol. de pó de vidro foram preparadas e submetidos à técnica de gel casting para formar um gradiente funcional. As vitrocerâmicas com e sem gradiente funcional de porosidade foram caracterizadas pelas técnicas de DRX, FEG, densidade e porosidade aparentes. Também foram realizados ensaios mecânicos de resistência à flexão biaxial e fractografia. Os resultados obtidos foram estatisticamente avaliados por Anova 1 fator e Tukey (p<0,05). As micrografias mostraram formação de gradiente funcional de porosidade apenas nas vitrocerâmicasa base de dissilicato de lítio. Não houve diferença entre as densidades de todos as vitrocerâmicas estudadas, porém YTZP-E, YTZP-D e YTZP-Grad apresentaram porosidade 10% maior do que as vitrocerâmicassem zircônia. Os defeitos críticos na superfície das vitrocerâmicas são semelhantes em todas condições estudadas, porém a aleatoriedade de poros internos das vitrocerâmicas contendo YTZP proporcionaram diminuição da resistência à flexão, com diferença estatisticamente significante em relação às vitrocerâmicas sem YTZP. Entre as vitrocerâmicas densas e gradadas não houve diferença na resistência à flexão. Conclui-se que a adição de zircônia em sistema a base de SiO2-Li2O alterou a temperatura de sinterização, o padrão de porosidade, a resistência flexural e comprometeu a formação do gradiente funcional de porosidade. O comportamento mecânico das vitrocerâmicas à base de dissilicato de lítio densas e gradadas são similares(AU)


The performance of dental ceramics is very explorated at literature, once the enhancement of yours features allow the development of materials with higher longevity. Cracks, delamination, chipping and catastrophic fracture are the faillures most finds at ceramics restorations. The aim of this research was knew the mechanical behavior of monolithics graded crows and it was evaluated the possibility to produce a glass ceramic based of lithium disilicate with gradient of porosity. This research was divided into two parts: the first one, theoretical computational and the second, the manufacturing product. 1) Using a CAD software, a lower molar received a full-crown preparation. The monolithic crown was modeled with a resin cement layer of 0.1 mm. Four groups were distributed according to the full crown elastic modulus (E):(a)Bioinspired crown with regressive elastic gradation (from 80 to 30 GPa); (b) Crown with regressive elastic gradation (from 30 to 80 GPa); (c) Rigid crowns and (d) Flexible crown. The model was exported to the analysis software and meshed into 385,240 tetrahedral elements and 696,310 nodes. Materials were considered isotropic, linearly elastic, and homogeneous, with ideal contacts. A 300-N load was applied at the occlusal surface and the base of the model was fixed in all directions. The results were required in Maximum principal stress, Von-Mises Stress and Displacement. 2) A mixture of oxides was homogenized and it was melted at fusion. The glass frits get by cooling were grinded and passed through heat treatment accordin to CSD and RXD. Six groups were obtained: DL-E (glass ceramic dense based of lithium disilicate simulating enamel); DL-D (glass ceramic dense based of lithium disilicate simulating dentin); DL-Grad (glass ceramic graded based of lithium disilicate); YTZP-E (glass ceramic dense reforced by YTZP simulating enamel); YTZP-D (glass ceramic dense reforced by YTZP simulating dentin); YTZP-Grad (glass ceramic graded and reforced by YTZP). Twenty-three and 40% of glass powder were prepared through dispersion water and it was submitted for techinique of gel casting to form functional gradient. The samples with and without functional gradient of porosity were characterized by RXD, FEG, density of all the groups, however YTZP-E, YTZP-D and YTZP-Grad showed porosity 10% greater the groups without zirconia. The critical flaw at surface of the ceramics were similar to the groups, however the random of internal pores at groups with YTZP get the flexural strength lower, with statistical difference with the groups without YTZP. Among the dense and graded groups were not statistical differences at flexural strength. It concluded that add of zirconia at ceramic system based of SiO2-Li2O changed the temperature of sintering, the standard of porosity, flexural strength and compromised the development of functional gradient of porosity. The mechanical behavior of ceramics based at lithium disilicate dense and graded were similar(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Materiais Dentários/efeitos adversos , Porosidade , Cristalização/métodos , Gradiente , Lítio/administração & dosagem
6.
Arq. odontol ; 55: 1-6, jan.-dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS (Américas), BBO | ID: biblio-1052483

RESUMO

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a capacidade do sistema de polimento para reduzir a rugosidade superficial de cerâmicas IPS e.max após acabamento com brocas diamantadas. Métodos: Dez corpos de prova foram confeccionados a partir de blocos de cerâmica de dissilicato de lítio, cristalizados e glazeados (Grupo G1) antes de serem submetidos a leitura com rugosímetro portátil em três pontos diferentes. Foi simulado ajuste oclusal com brocas diamantadas cilíndricas de granulação fina (Grupo G2) e feita uma nova leitura antes de realizar a sequência de polimento com o Kit EVE Diapol H8 (Grupo G3), constituído de três discos de borrachas abrasivas de granulações decrescentes. Após análise da rugosidade superficial do último grupo, as médias das três medições foram submetidas à análise estatística ANOVA e ao teste Tukey com o nível de significância 5%. Resultados:A análise dos dados obtidos revelou diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os três grupos, sendo que no Grupo G2 a rugosidade foi maior que no Grupo G1, que por sua vez foi maior que no Grupo G3. Conclusão: Concluiu-se que o sistema de polimento EVE Diapol H8 reduziu efetivamente a rugosidade superficial após acabamento com brocas diamantadas e proporcionou uma lisura superficial superior àquela dada pelo glaze. (AU)


Aim: This study sought to verify the ability of the polishing system to reduce the surface roughness of IPS E.max ceramics after finishing with diamond drills. Methods:Ten specimens were made from lithium disilicate ceramic blocks, crystallized, and glazed (Group G1) before being subjected to reading with a portable rugosimeter at three different points. Occlusal adjustment was simulated with fine-grained cylindrical diamond burs (Group G2) and re-read before performing the polishing sequence with the EVE Diapol H8 Kit (Group G3), consisting of three rubber diamond discs with decreasing granulations. After analyzing the surface roughness of the last group, the means of the three measurements were submitted to ANOVA statistical analysis and to the Tukey test with a significance level of 5%. Results: The analysis of the data revealed a statistically significant difference between the three groups, with the roughness in the G2 Group being greater than that in the G1 Group, which in turn was greater than that in the G3 Group. Conclusion: It was therefore concluded that the EVE Diapol H8 polishing system effectively reduced surface roughness after finishing with diamond drills and provided a surface smoothness that is superior to that given by the glaze. (AU)


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Ligas Metalo-Cerâmicas , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Materiais Dentários , Polimento Dentário , Lítio
7.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-759573

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have revealed inconsistent results on amygdala volume in adult bipolar disorder (BD) patients compared to healthy controls (HC). Since the amygdala encompasses multiple subregions, the subtle volume changes in each amygdala nucleus might have not been fully reflected in the measure of the total amygdala volume, causing discrepant results. Thus, we aimed to investigate volume changes in each amygdala subregion and their association with subtypes of BD, lithium use and clinical status of BD. METHODS: Fifty-five BD patients and 55 HC underwent T1-weighted structural magnetic resonance imaging. We analyzed volumes of the whole amygdala and each amygdala subregion, including the anterior amygdaloid area, cortico-amygdaloid transition area, basal, lateral, accessory basal, central, cortical, medial and paralaminar nuclei using the atlas in the FreeSurfer. The volume difference was analyzed using a one-way analysis of covariance with individual volumes as dependent variables, and age, sex, and total intracranial volume as covariates. RESULTS: The volumes of whole right amygdala and subregions including basal nucleus, accessory basal nucleus, anterior amygdaloid area, and cortico-amygdaloid transition area in the right amygdala of BD patients were significantly smaller for the HC group. No significant volume difference between bipolar I disorder and bipolar II disorder was found after the Bonferroni correction. The trend of larger volume in medial nucleus with lithium treatment was not significant after the Bonferroni correction. No significant correlation between illness duration and amygdala volume, and insignificant negative correlation were found between right central nucleus volume and depression severity. CONCLUSIONS: Significant volume decrements of the whole amygdala, basal nucleus, accessory basal nucleus, anterior amygdaloid area, and cortico-amygdaloid transition area were found in the right hemisphere in adult BD patients, compared to HC group. We postulate that such volume changes are associated with altered functional activity and connectivity of amygdala nuclei in BD.


Assuntos
Adulto , Tonsila do Cerebelo , Complexo Nuclear Basolateral da Amígdala , Transtorno Bipolar , Núcleos Cerebelares , Complexo Nuclear Corticomedial , Depressão , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Lítio , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
8.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-763541

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to compare recommendations of the Korean Medication Algorithm Project for Bipolar Disorder 2018 (KMAP-BP 2018) with other recently published guidelines for treating bipolar disorder. We reviewed a total of five recently published global treatment guidelines and compared treatment recommendation of the KMAP-BP 2018 with those of other guidelines. For initial treatment of mania, there were no significant differences across treatment guidelines. All guidelines recommended mood stabilizer (MS) or atypical antipsychotic (AAP) monotherapy or a combination of an MS with an AAP as a first-line treatment strategy for mania. However, the KMAP-BP 2018 did not prefer monotherapy with MS or AAP for psychotic mania. Quetiapine, olanzapine and aripiprazole were the first-line AAPs for nearly all phases of bipolar disorder across guidelines. Most guidelines advocated newer AAPs as first-line treatment options for all phases while lamotrigine was recommended for depressive and maintenance phases. Lithium and valproic acid were commonly used as MSs in all phases of bipolar disorder. As research evidence accumulated over time, recommendations of newer AAPs (such as asenapine, cariprazine, paliperidone, lurasidine, long-acting injectable risperidone and aripiprazole once monthly) became prominent. KMAP-BP 2018 guidelines were similar to other guidelines, reflecting current changes in prescription patterns for bipolar disorder based on accumulated research data. Strong preference for combination therapy was characteristic of KMAP-BP 2018, predominantly in the treatment of psychotic mania and severe depression. Further studies were needed to address several issues identified in our review.


Assuntos
Aripiprazol , Transtorno Bipolar , Depressão , Tratamento Farmacológico , Lítio , Palmitato de Paliperidona , Prescrições , Fumarato de Quetiapina , Risperidona , Ácido Valproico
9.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-763534

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although, accumulating evidence is delineating a neuroprotective and neurotrophic role for lithium (Li), inconsistent findings have also been reported in human studies especially. Moreover, the effects of Li infusion into the hippocampus are still unknown. The aims of this work were (a) to assess whether basal synaptic activity and long-term potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampus are different in regard to intrahippocampal Li infusion; (b) to assess spatial learning and memory in rats chronically treated with LiCO₃ in the Morris water maze. METHODS: Field potentials were recorded form the dentate gyrus, stimulating perforant pathways, in rats chronically (20 mg/kg for 40 days) or acutely treated with LiCO₃ and their corresponding control rats. In addition, performance of rats in a Morris water maze was measured to link behaviour of rats to electrophysiological findings. RESULTS: LiCO₃ infusion into the hippocampus resulted in enhanced LTP, especially in the late phases, but attenuated LTP was observed in rats chronically treated with Li as compared to controls. Li-treated rats equally performed a spatial learning task, but did spend less time in target quadrant than saline-treated rats in Morris water maze. CONCLUSION: Despite most data suggest that Li always yields neuroprotective effects against neuropathological conditions; we concluded that a 40-day treatment of Li disrupts hippocampal synaptic plasticity underlying memory processes, and that these effects of prolonged treatment are not associated with its direct chemical effect, but are likely to be associated with the molecular actions of Li at genetic levels, because its short-term effect preserves synaptic plasticity.


Assuntos
Adulto , Animais , Giro Denteado , Hipocampo , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Lítio , Potenciação de Longa Duração , Memória , Plasticidade Neuronal , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Via Perfurante , Ratos , Aprendizagem Espacial , Memória Espacial , Água
10.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-761938

RESUMO

A sensitive and simple liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for the simultaneous quantification of ticagrelor and its active metabolite, AR-C124910XX from 50 µL human plasma using tolbutamide as an internal standard as per regulatory guidelines. Analytes in plasma were extracted by simple protein precipitation using acetonitrile, followed by chromatographic separation with an Acclaim™ RSLC 120 C₁₈ column (2.2 µm, 2.1 × 100 mm) and a gradient acetonitrile-water mobile phase containing 0.1% formic acid within 8 min. Mass spectrometric detection and quantitation were conducted by selected reaction-monitoring on a negative electrospray ionization mode with the following transitions: m/z 521.11 → 361.10, 477.03 → 361.10, and 269.00 → 169.60 for ticagrelor, AR-C124910XX, and tolbutamide, respectively. The lower limit of quantifications was 0.2 ng/mL with linear ranges of 0.2–2,500 ng/mL (r² ≥ 0.9949) for both analytes. All validation data, including selectivity, cross-talk, precision, accuracy, matrix effect, recovery, dilution integrity, stability, and incurred sample reanalysis, were well within acceptable limits. This assay method was validated using K₂-EDTA as the specific anticoagulant. Also, the anticoagulant effect was tested by lithium heparin, sodium heparin, and K₃-EDTA. No relevant anticoagulant effect was observed. This validated method was effectively used in the determination of ticagrelor and its active metabolite, AR-C124910XX, in plasma samples from patients with myocardial infarction.


Assuntos
Heparina , Humanos , Lítio , Espectrometria de Massas , Métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio , Farmacocinética , Plasma , Tolbutamida
11.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-761413

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the polishing effect on roughness and color change of pressed and layering ceramics after immersion in coffee solution.


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Café , Diamante , Imersão , Lítio , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Pigmentação , Espectrofotometria
12.
Artigo em Coreano | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-742105

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of lithium disilicate ceramic pressed zirconia prostheses and monolithic zirconia prostheses and to investigate the complications after two years of follow-up in posterior edentulous site. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total 17 patients (male: 12, female: 5) were treated with 60 posterior fixed implant-supported prostheses (LP. lithium disilicate ceramic pressed zirconia prostheses: n = 30, MZ. monolithic zirconia prostheses: n = 30). After 24-month, clinical examination of Implant survival rate, marginal bone resorption, probing depth, plaque index, bleeding index, calculus and complications were evaluated. RESULTS: There were no failed implants and all implants were normal in function without mobility. Marginal bone resorption was lower in LP group than MZ group at 12-month (P < .05), and 12-month probing depth and calculus deposit in LP group were significantly higher than MZ group (P < .05). Most common complications in MZ were marginal bone resorptions more than 1.5.mm and 2 chipping occurred in LP group. CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of the present study, lithium disilicate ceramic pressed zirconia is considered as a predictable treatment option as much as monolithic zirconia in posterior fixed implant-supported prostheses.


Assuntos
Reabsorção Óssea , Cálculos , Cerâmica , Implantes Dentários , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hemorragia , Humanos , Lítio , Estudos Prospectivos , Próteses e Implantes , Taxa de Sobrevida
13.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-742078

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine wear amount of single molar crowns, made from four different restoratives, and opposing natural teeth through computerized fabrication techniques using 3D image alignment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 single crowns (N = 24 patients, age range: 18 – 50) were made from lithium disilicate (IPS E-max CAD), lithium silicate and zirconia based (Vita Suprinity CAD), resin matrix ceramic material (Cerasmart, GC), and dual matrix (Vita Enamic CAD) blocks. After digital impressions (Cerec 3D Bluecam, DentsplySirona), the crowns were designed and manufactured (Cerec 3, DentsplySirona). A dual-curing resin cement was used for cementation (Variolink Esthetic DC, Ivoclar). Then, measurement and recording of crowns and the opposing enamel surfaces with the intraoral scanner were made as well as at the third and sixth month follow-ups. All measurements were superimposed with a software (David-Laserscanner, V3.10.4). Volume loss due to wear was calculated from baseline to follow-up periods with Siemens Unigraphics NX 10 software. Statistical analysis was accomplished by Repeated Measures for ANOVA (SPSS 21) at = .05 significance level. RESULTS: After 6 months, insignificant differences of the glass matrix and resin matrix materials for restoration/enamel wear were observed (P>.05). While there were no significant differences between the glass matrix groups (P>.05), significant differences between the resin matrix group materials (P<.05) were obtained. Although Cerasmart and Enamic were both resin matrix based, they exhibited different wear characteristics. CONCLUSION: Glass matrix materials showed less wear both on their own and opposing enamel surfaces than resin matrix ceramic materials.


Assuntos
Cimentação , Cerâmica , Coroas , Esmalte Dentário , Seguimentos , Vidro , Humanos , Lítio , Dente Molar , Cimentos de Resina , Silicatos , Dente
14.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-742072

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate and compare the surface roughness (SR), weight and height of monolithic zirconia (MZ), ceramometal (CM), lithium disilicate glass ceramic (LD), composite resin (CR), and their antagonistic human teeth enamel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 32 disc shaped specimens for the four test materials (n=8) and 32 premolars were prepared and randomly divided. SR, weight and height of the materials and the antagonist enamel were recorded before and after subjecting the specimens to 240,000 wear-cycles (49 N/0.8 Hz/5℃/50℃). SR, height, weight, and digital microscopic qualitative evaluation were measured. RESULTS: CM (0.23 + 0.08 µm) and LD (0.68 + 0.16 µm) exhibited the least and highest mean difference in the SR, respectively. ANOVA revealed significance (P=.001) between the materials for the SR. Paired T-Test showed significance (P < .05) for the pre- and post-SR for all the materials. For the antagonistic enamel, no significance (P=.987) was found between the groups. However, the pre- and post-SR values of all the enamel groups were significant (P < .05). Wear cycles had significant effect on enamel weight loss against all the materials (P < .05). CR and MZ showed the lowest and highest height loss of 0.14 mm and 0.46 mm, respectively. CONCLUSION: MZ and CM are more resistant to SR against the enamel than LD and CR. Enamel worn against test materials showed similar SR. Significant variations in SR values for the tested materials (MZ, LD, CM, and CR) against the enamel were found. Wear simulation significantly affected the enamel weight loss against all the materials, and enamel antagonist against MZ and CM showed more height loss.


Assuntos
Dente Pré-Molar , Cerâmica , Esmalte Dentário , Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto , Vidro , Humanos , Lítio , Dente , Desgaste dos Dentes , Perda de Peso
15.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-689979

RESUMO

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study whether lithium agent produces neuroprotective effect by inhibiting the nerve cell apoptosis of rats after spinal cord injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-two male SD rats weighing 200 to 250 g were randomly divided into 3 groups: blank control group(=6) without surgery, normal saline(NS) group(=18) with intraperitoneal injection of NS (40 mg/kg); and Lithium chloride (Licl) group (=18) with intraperitoneal injection of Licl (40 mg/kg). After Allen method modeling, Licl group started intraperitoneal injection of Licl solution (40 mg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹) within 15 min after operation to the second week. NS group, during the same interval, was injected with a same amount of NS. Postoperative 3, 7, 14 d, BBB scores in each group were measured;the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax protein were observed by immunohistochemisty staining;TUNEL staining was used to observe the nerve cell apoptosis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The BBB scores in blank control group were 21. Postoperative 7, 14 d, BBB scores of Licl group were higher than that of NS group(<0.05). As for the Bcl-2 protein expression, black control group has a level of 0.081±0.003;7 d and 14 d postoperatively, the level in Licl group was 0.151±0.003, 0.163±0.003 and in NS group, 0.143±0.003, 0.154±0.002, respectively. Licl group showed significantly increased Bcl-2 protein expression(<0.05). As for the Bax protein expression, black control group showed a level of 0.071±0.003; 7 d and 14 d postoperatively, the level in Licl group was 0.121±0.002, 0.106±0.002 and in NS group was 0.126±0.001, 0.120±0.002, respectively. The Bax protein expression is significantly inhibited in the Licl group(<0.05). In nerve cell apoptosis by TUNEL staining, the positive cells were fewer in the black control group with apoptosis index (AI) of 1.98±0.19;while 7d and 14d postoperatively, the AI of Licl group was 13.12±0.69, 4.29±1.00 and of NS group, 18.26±0.87, 5.48±0.70, respectively. Licl group showed significant inhibition of the cell apoptosis(<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Licl can promote the Bcl-2 protein expression and inhibit the Bax proteins expression in nerve cells of rat after SCI, thereby playing a role in the inhibition of nerve cell apoptosis. This may be one of the mechanisms that Licl can promote the recovery of motor function of rats after SCI.</p>


Assuntos
Animais , Apoptose , Lítio , Farmacologia , Masculino , Neurônios , Biologia Celular , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2 , Metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Tratamento Farmacológico , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2 , Metabolismo
16.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-689812

RESUMO

In recent years, active implantable medical devices become a hot spot of the medical device industry. There are still many problems in terms of reliability, capacity and life expectancy because of the subject to material and technical constraints. This review summarizes the development history and current status of the batteries used in active implantable medical devices, and describes the development and problems of zinc-mercury batteries and lithium batteries. The flexible batteries and bio-energy battery and other new battery technology are also expounded. The future of active implanted medical device battery is bound to miniaturization, flexibility, rechargeable direction.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Indústrias , Lítio , Próteses e Implantes
18.
Mood and Emotion ; (2): 109-122, 2018.
Artigo em Coreano | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-786893

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to revise the Korean Medication Algorithm Project for Bipolar Disorder (KMAP-BP) 2014: Children and Adolescents.METHODS: We performed the survey, using a questionnaire comprising 22 questions according to each situation, in children and adolescents with bipolar disorder.RESULTS: First-line pharmacotherapeutic strategies for manic episode in children with bipolar disorder were a combination of mood stabilizer (MS) and an atypical antipsychotics (AAP), monotherapy with an AAP, risperidone, and aripiprazole. Aripiprazole was selected as first-line medication for depressive episode in children with bipolar disorder, and aripiprazole, and risperidone were selected as first-line at high-risk children. First-line pharmacotherapeutic strategies for manic episode in adolescents were a combination of MS and an AAP, monotherapy with an AAP valproate, lithium, risperidone (Treatment of Choice, TOC), aripiprazole, and quetiapine. First-line pharmacotherapeutic strategies for depressive episode in adolescents, were a combination of an atypical antipsychotics and lamotrigine, valproate, aripiprazole (TOC), risperidone, and quetiapine. For depressive episodes in adolescents at high risk for bipolar disorder, valproate, aripiprazole (TOC), and risperidone were selected as first-line medication.CONCLUSION: We expect that the present KMAP-BP 2018-children and adolescents, is useful for clinicians to treat children and adolescents with bipolar disorder.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Antipsicóticos , Aripiprazol , Transtorno Bipolar , Criança , Tratamento Farmacológico , Humanos , Lítio , Fumarato de Quetiapina , Risperidona , Ácido Valproico
19.
Mood and Emotion ; (2): 129-133, 2018.
Artigo em Coreano | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-786891

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The fourth revision of Korean Medication Algorithm Project for Bipolar Disorder (KMAP-BP) was performed in 2018, to provide newer guidelines for clinicians. In this section, we examined expert opinions to facilitate clinical decisions relative to treating bipolar disorder with medical comorbidity.METHODS: The survey was completed by the review committee, consisting of 61 experienced psychiatrists. This part of the survey constitutes treatment strategies, under major medical comorbidities. The executive committee analyzed results, and discussed the final production of algorithm.RESULTS: Aripiprazole was the first-line medication for bipolar patients with metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular, hepatic, renal, and cerebrovascular comorbidities. Ziprasidone also was recommended as the first-line medication in case of metabolic syndrome. Lithium also was regarded as the first-line medication, in case of hepatic problems. Valproate also was considered as the first-line medication, in case of cerebrovascular problems.CONCLUSION: This study provided the most recent consensus among experts, for treatment of bipolar disorder with physical problems.


Assuntos
Comitês Consultivos , Aripiprazol , Transtorno Bipolar , Comorbidade , Consenso , Tratamento Farmacológico , Prova Pericial , Humanos , Lítio , Psiquiatria , Ácido Valproico
20.
Mood and Emotion ; (2): 77-85, 2018.
Artigo em Coreano | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-786881

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to revise the Korean Medication Algorithm Project for Bipolar Disorder 2014 for rapid cycling.METHODS: The questionnaires, which were intended to survey experts for their opinions of medication used for rapid cycling, were completed by the review committee, which consisted of 84 Korean expert psychiatrists. We classified the responses into three categories. based on the lowest category in which the confidence interval fall (6.5≤ for first-line and 3.5≤ for high second-line treatment).RESULTS: The first-line treatment was the combination of a mood stabilizer and an atypical antipsychotic. This combination strategy was the treatment of choice for manic episodes. Additionally, a mood stabilizer with lamotrigine therapy and an atypical antipsychotic with lamotrigine combinations were the first-line treatments for the depressive phase. Atypical antipsychotic monotherapy, mood stabilizer monotherapy, the combination of two mood stabilizers, and the triple combination of mood stabilizers, atypical antipsychotics, and antidepressants were preferred as the next strategies. The first-line medications in all cases were valproate, quetiapine, olanzapine and aripiprazole. Lithium was the first-line medication in depressive and hypomanic episodes, and lamotrigine was the first-line medication for the treatment of the depressive phase.CONCLUSION: Compared to the surveys in 2014, the preference for atypical antipsychotics and lamotrigine have increased, and modalities used as a second-line treatment were more diverse.


Assuntos
Comitês Consultivos , Antidepressivos , Antipsicóticos , Aripiprazol , Transtorno Bipolar , Lítio , Psiquiatria , Fumarato de Quetiapina , Ácido Valproico
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