Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 793.087
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 386-390, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-819393

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship among sexual assault experience,interpersonal trust and psychosexual health in middle school girls,and to provide a reference for psychological counseling for the diagnosis of sexually assaulted individuals.@*Methods@#A sample of 499 middle school girls from 5 middle schools in Shaoguan city of Hunan Province were assessed with the Sexual Assault Questionnaire, Interpersonal Trust Scale and Adolescent Psychosexual Health Scale.@*Results@#The rate of sexual assault was 36.87% while the non-contact sexual assault was 34.87%, and the rate of sexual touching was 8.82% whlie the rate of rape was 1.20%. There were negative correlations among sexual assault experience, sexual values, sexual adaptation and psychosexual health(r=-0.21,-0.10,-0.13,P<0.01).The interpersonal trust modified the relationship between sexual assault experience and sexual awareness, sexual values, sexual adaptation, psychosexual health (95%CI=-0.05--0.01,-0.05--0.01,-0.04-0.00,-0.04--0.02,P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Interpersonal trust plays a moderating role in the association between sexual assault experience and psychosexual health.The adverse effects of sexual assault on psychosexual health might be relieved through improving interpersonal trust among middle school girls.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 383-385, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-819392

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore mental health among minority students in Han middle schools and to analyze the difference of mental health between junior and senior high school students, with the aim of providing a reference for the relationship between cultural alienation and mental health of minority students in Han middle schools.@*Methods@#Participants were 1 679 minority students in two Han middle schools recruited from Datong county in Qinghai province, participants completed cultural alienation and mental health inventroy of middle school students.@*Results@#Prevalence of mental health problems illustrated a‘V’ shape curve for both junior and senior high school minority students in Han middle schools. Junior school students scored lower than senior high school students on obsessive, learning anxiety, learning pressure, maladjustment and emotional imbalance(t=-2.88, -5.17, -2.82, -1.99, -2.60, P<0.05). The detection rate of moderate and mild mental health problems (44.5%, 12.5%) between middle school students of Han nationality and minority nationality (50.3%, 6.9%)(χ2=13.22,P<0.01). The middle school students of minority nationality showed more hostile, interpersonal tension and sensitivity, depressed, maladjustment, psychological imbalance, and lesser obsessive(t=2.86, 1.97, 2.04, 5.11, 5.75, -13.17, P<0.05). After controlling for grade, gender and nationality, cultural isolation(β=0.22, t=5.12), cultural separateness(β=0.19, t=4.54) and discordant sense(β=0.08, t=2.39) was positively associated with mental health,the sense of control(β=-0.09, t=-2.02) was negative associated with mental health(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Mental health of middle school students of ethnic minorities in Han area is at a satisfactory level, The junior school students in Han middle schools had higher level of mental health, Cultural alienation is an important factor in keeping mental health.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 379-382, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-819391

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship among grit, self-identity and self-esteem and the mediating role of self-identity between grit and self-esteemin middle school students, so as to provide evidence for the study of grit of middle school students.@*Methods@#In March 2019,1 476 middle school students were selected from two ordinary middle schools in a county of Fujian Province. 12-Ttem Grit-scale, Selt-identity Scale and Selt-esteem Scale were used to conduct the questionnaire survey.@*Results@#Relevant analysis showed that perseverance of efforts, consistency of interests were positively correlated with self-identity (r=0.40, 0.31,P<0.01) and self-esteem (r=0.46, 0.18, P<0.01). Self-identity and self-esteem were positively correlated (r=0.67,P<0.01).The results of the mediation test showed that self-identity partially mediates the relationship between perseverance of efforts and self-esteem,mediation effect accounted for 50.38% of the total effect.Self-identity fullymediatesthe relationshipbetween consistency of interests and self-esteem.@*Conclusion@#The self-identity of middle school students partially mediates the relationship between perseverance of efforts and self-esteem, and completely mediates the relationship between consistency of interests and self-esteem.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 375-378, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-819390

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the application effect of peer education in mental health education for adolescent primary and middle school students and to provide evidence for promoting the mental health of adolescent primary and middle school students in application.@*Methods@#The non-randomized controlled trial was performed, 4-5 th grade students of two primary and 7-8 th grade students of two middle schools in a district of Chongqing were chosen as peer-education experimental group, and students in the same grade of another two school were chosen as the blank control group. The Mental Health Inventory of Middle School Students scale and self-made questionnaire were used to exam in mental health status of the subjects before and after intervention.@*Results@#The detection rates after intervention of the mental health, compulsion, paranoia, hostility, interpersonal relationship, depression, anxiety, academic stress, emotional imbalance and psychological imbalance (36.8%, 46.1%, 36.6%, 33.3%, 37.2%, 38.8%, 40.9%, 45.7%, 49.2%, 30.3%) in experimental group were lower than those before intervention (39.9%, 55.3%, 38.8%, 37.9%, 43.9%, 40.5%, 42.7%, 48.0%, 52.5%, 32.1%). The detection rate after intervention of maladjustment(39.8%)was higher than that before intervention(37.7%)(P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that the detection rate after intervention of the mental health, compulsion, paranoia, hostility, interpersonal relationship, depression, anxiety and academic stress status of adolescent primary and middle school students in experimental group was 0.63 times more than the rate of the control group(95%CI=0.49-0.81),0.73(95%CI=0.58-0.91),0.68(95%CI=0.54-0.86),0.71(95%CI=0.56-0.91)(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Peer education is an effective measure and method to improve compulsion,paranoia,hostility,interpersonal relationship,depression,anxiety and intervention effect of adolescent primary and middle school students.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 371-374, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-819389

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand current situation and influencing factors of school bullying among left-behind and non left-behind students in vocational colleges in western Hunan, and to provide reference for the prevention and control of campus bullying in vocational colleges in poverty-stricken areas.@*Methods@#A multi-stage stratified random cluster sampling method was used to select 1 241 students from higher vocational colleges in Xiangxi for questionnaire survey. The survey included basic demographic characteristics, health-related behaviors and school bullying. Associcted factors were compared among students with and without school bullying by using the χ2 test and Logistic regression.@*Results@#The reported rate of school bullying in vocational colleges was 41.82%. The reported rate of left-behind students (45.05%) was higher than that of non-left-behind students (39.21%). The difference was statistically significant (χ2=4.29,P<0.05). Multivariate unconditional Logistic regression showed that male students and good parental relationship negatively associated with school bullying among left-behind students(OR=0.55,0.47). While rural students, 5 years of senior vocational, smoking, drinking, and game addiction were positively associated with school bullying among left-behind students(OR=1.93,2.57,2.51,3.95,4.73); good relationship with mothers was associated with less school bullying(OR=0.40), while smoke, drinking and game addiction was associated with more school bullying among non left-behind students(OR=1.86,2.32,3.81)(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#School bullying among students in higher vocational colleges in western Hunan is highly prevalent. The reporting rate among left-behind students is higher than that of non-left-behind students. Due to different factors, joint intervention measures by government, schools and families should be carried out as soon as possible.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 368-370, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-819388

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the status and relationship between bullying behaviors and subjective well-being among left-behind students in Bijie,and to provide reference for the governments to support the development of policies and intervention.@*Methods@#A total of 735 left-behind students were investigated on the spot with the Olweus Bully Questionnaire and Adolescent Subjective Well-being Scale.@*Results@#Among the 735 left-behind students, 28.71% were found of participating in behaviors of bullying. More boys involved behaviors of bullying (bullies,victims and bully-victims) others than the girls(χ2=25.93, P<0.05), Bullying was more likely to be reported among children with poor peer relations(χ2=12.46, P<0.05). Total scores of the feelings of friendship,family,freedom,negative emotion and life differed significantly among different bullying roles(F=12.76, 2.86, 3.30, 5.98, 4.72, P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that there were many factors affecting the subjective well-being of these students, such as bullying behaviors, relationship with their classmates, academic record, the frequency which they contacted with parents(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Bullying is highly prevalent among left-behind children in Bijie. Effective prevention and control mechanisms should be established at the social, school and family levels to reduce the occurrence of bullying. Attention should be paid to the psychological and behavioral dynamics of left-behind middle school students, so as to improve their happiness.

7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 365-367, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-819387

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the intervention effect of different badminton intervention methods on the cardiopulmonary endurance index of ethnic Korean obese male college students, and to provide support for effectively weight loss cardiorespiratory endurance improvement.@*Methods@#Sixty ethnic Korean male college students were randomly divided into intervention group 1, intervention group 2 and intervention group 3. The intervention of different intensity were carried out for 12 weeks, BMI, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, static heart rate, vital capacity body mass index and the 20-meter round-trip performance were compared before and after the intervention.@*Results@#After 12 weeks of small-intensity intervention, ethnic Korean obese male college students had no significant difference in the interventions before and after intervention. In the middle intensity group, the body mass index and diastolic blood pressure index were significantly lower than those before the intervention, and there was statistical significance (t=-3.70, -4.15, P<0.01). After intervention in the high-intensity group, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure index were significantly lower than those before the intervention (t=3.69, 3.14, 4.43, P<0.01). After intervention in the lung capacity and body mass index, 20 m round-trip operation Significantly higher than before intervention (t=-3.52, -5.31, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Moderate and large intervention methods can improve the cardiorespiratory strength of ethnic Korean obese college students, especially in the high-intensity group.

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 361-364, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-819386

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Based on the core elements of plysical and health literacy and related sports work guidelines, the study aims to build a dimensional evaluation system of students’ healthy behaviors.@*Methods@#Literature review, questionnaire survey, Delphi expert method and analytic hierarchy process were used in the study.@*Results@#The three level of indicators evaluating students’ healthy behaviors were constructed, including exercise habits, emotional regulation, and adaptive ability as primary indicators, as well as class attendance and participation(9.80%), competition participation(8.29%), weekly exercise frequency(3.77%), participation in extracurricular leisure sports(7.65%), and self-expression in class, joy(10.06%), challenges and breakthroughs in class(8.74%), attitudes to sports(11.45%), healthy and civilized lifestyles(6.56%), conscious improvement of physical fitness and status(7.22%), mental health(8.49%) and interpersonal skills(7.98%). The ANP method was used to construct a dimensional evaluation model of student health behavior, and the analytic hierarchy process was used to analyze the weights of various indicators. The results showed that the weights of exercise habits, emotional regulation, and adaptive ability of the primary indicators of student health behavior assessment were 39.50%, 30.25%, and 30.25%, and the weights of related secondary indicators.@*Conclusion@#The most important indicator evaluating students ‘healthy behaviors is the students’ attitude towards sports and the actual situation of participating in sports. It reflects the true demands of students’ healthy behavior development. The student health behavior dimension evaluation system is scientific and reasonable, and it is developmental.

9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 356-360, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-819385

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effects of different intensity physical activity on the working memory among children and adolescents, so as to provide evidence-based basis for school mental health and physical education.@*Methods@#Seven databases were searched by using keywords including "moderate intensity sports" "high intensity sports" "working memory" "cognitive function" "moderate physical activity" "vigorous physical activity" "moderate intensity exercise" "high intensity exercise" "acute physical activity" "chronic physical activity". The retrieval time was August 2019. The PICOS model was used to screen the literature. A total of 40 related literatures were included. The Jadad score of the literature was good, and the random effect model was used for meta-analysis.@*Results@#The analysis results showed that the effect of moderate intensity physical activity on children’s values of WMD=136.98, Z=21.77, 95%CI=124.65-149.31; The effect of the youth group WMD=95.78, Z=9.08, 95%CI=75.11-116.46. The total effect value of WMD=126.17, Z=23.35, 95%CI=115.58-136.76(P<0.01). The effect of high intensity physical activity on children’s values of WMD=-6.05, Z=0.38, 95%CI=-37.15-25.06(P=0.70). The effect of the youth group WMD=8.51, Z=0.60, 95%CI=-19.12-36.13(P=0.55). The total effect value of WMD=2.09, Z=0.20, 95%CI=-18.57-22.74(P=0.84).@*Conclusion@#Moderate intensity physical activity can improve the working memory of children and adolescents. High intensity physical activities have no positive influence on working memory of children and adolescents. When considering sports activities to improve working memory of children and adolescents, moderate intensity exercise is recommended.

10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 352-355, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-819384

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the concern of freshmen with different characteristics on sexual knowledge in Sichuan province and to provide evidence for comprenensive sex education in colleges.@*Methods@#A survey was conducted among 2 532 freshmen from 13 universities in Sichuan Province in September 2018. Attention to specific sexual knowledge among students with different characteristics was analyzed.@*Results@#Sexual knowledge that the freshmen concerned included partner communication (39.25%~55.10%), STD and AIDS (37.78%~44.85%) and gender equality (33.33%~43.34%). Logistic regression results showed that male students payed more attention to partner communication(OR=0.77,95%CI=0.65-0.91), masturbation (OR=0.36,95%CI=0.27-0.47) and sexual minorities (OR=0.61,95%CI=0.41-0.90), while female students payed more attention to gender equality (OR=1.31,95%CI=1.10-1.57), sexual harassment and violence (OR=1.65,95%CI=1.37-1.98). Rural students pay. more attention to partner communication (OR=0.79,95%CI=0.65-0.94), while urban students pay. more attention to masturbation (OR=1.50,95%CI=1.08-2.08), sexual harassment and sexual violence (OR=1.30,95%CI=1.07-1.58). Students who had sex were more concerned about contraception and unwanted pregnancy than those who had not (OR=0.53,95%CI=0.39-0.72). Sexual minority students were more concerned about topic of sexual minorities than heterosexual students (OR=3.50,95%CI=2.30-5.33).@*Conclusion@#College freshmen with different characteristics varied in their concern on sexual knowledge, which is related to their needs. It is suggested that schools set up comprehensive education courses according to the needs of students, the content of sex education knowledge can be focused, and carry out comprehensive and targeted sex education.

11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 348-351, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-819383

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the awareness and influencing factors of medical healthcare APP among female college students in Weifang, and to provide references for healthy lifestyle and health literacy improvement.@*Methods@#A total of 891 female college students were selected by stratified random sampling method, and were investigated regrading awareness on medical and health care APP and associated factors. Data were statistically analyzed by composition ratio, CHI-square test and binary Logistic regression.@*Results@#There were 54.6% of the female college students who reported not aware of medical healthcare APP. The overall awareness rates of medical and health care APP for freshmen,sophomores, juniors, seniurs and above were 39.75%,45.59%,55.78% and 52.56%, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant(χ2=16.43,P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that medical costs, medical healthcare information attention, medical health care information recognition, consulting the treatment scheme were positively associated with awareness of health care APP(OR=1.40,1.51,1.27,1.33,P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The awareness rate of medical health care APP of female college students in Weifang is relatively low,and the difference between different groups is obvious. It is necessary to improve the scientific knowledge rate of the female college students to the APP, so as to influence the life style of the female college students.

12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 345-347, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-819382

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the joint effect of school and family tobacco control on middle school students, and to explore its effectiveness in reducing second-hand smoke exposure in middle school students’ families, as so asto provide a new way of thinking for controlling smoking among middle school sudents.@*Methods@#A questionnaire survey was conducted on the study of 2 125 primary and high school students in four middle schools in the Dongcheng District of Beijing by means of a stratified group sampling method. Personal information of students, tobacco control environment around the family, school and surrounding ares, as well as the knowledge, attitude and behavior of students related to tobacco control was collected.@*Results@#The exposure rate of second-hand smoke in the families of middle and high school students in Dongcheng District of Beijing was 33.41%. Smoking by at least one parent was positively correlated with second-hand smoke exposure in the student’s home (OR=22.88, P<0.05). Among the students who saw the "clear no-smoking label" on campus, the exposure rate (4.92%) when the smoking restriction was set on the home was lower than that of those who did not have a regulation in the home (58.94%) (χ2=452.57, P<0.01). The results of Logistic regression showed that there was a combination of family smoking restrictions and second-hand smoke exposure in middle and high school students who had seen the smoking ban on campus (OR=0.08) and had the school’s tobacco control education (OR=0.08).@*Conclusion@#The joint tobacco control measures between school and family can effectively reduce the exposure rate of second-hand smoke in middle school students’ families, which is better than the effect of tobacco control alone.

13.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 341-344, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-819381

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To obtain the dietary exposure of lead in primary, middle and high school students, and to provide basic foundation for food safety risk assessment and management for children and adolecsents.@*Methods@#Weighing method, 3-days hour dietary survey, combining with the food frequency questionnaire, was applied to obtain basic dietary data in 616 primary, middle and high school students selected through multi-stage randdom sampling method from Pudong new area of shanghai. Data on lead concentrations were derived from the food safety risk monitoring system, which included 1 145 samples.@*Results@#Lead was detected in 568 of 1 145 samples (49.61%) from 10 categories of foods. The exceeding standard rate was 3.58% (41 samples exceeded). The average content of lead was (0.12±0.25) mg/kg, fungi and algae, beans and the aquatic products were found to be the primary food sources of lead exposure. The average dietary lead exposure in primary, middle and high school students was 9.94 μg/kg per week, accounted for 39.76% of PTWI. The lead exposure level at the 97.5th percentile which accounted for 118.24% of PTWI was 29.56 μg/kg. Vegetables, beans and cereal foods were the mainly source of dietary lead exposure, with average dietary lead exposure 2.57, 2.44 and 1.43 μg/kg peer week, accounted for 10.26%, 9.76% and 5.74% of PTWI, respectively.@*Conclusion@#Lead is present in some foods available in local markets in Pudong New Area, Shanghai. Low level of dietary exposure to lead is found in primary, middle and high school students, however, it depends on dietary pattern. Continued efforts are needed to reduce the dietary exposure of lead in school students.

14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 337-340, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-819380

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate and analyze the fluids intake, urine output and hydration status during spring among male college athletics from one university in Beijing, and to provide scientific evidence for launching targeted health education.@*Methods@#A simple random sampling method was used to select 109 male students in college with habit of exercise.Total drinking fluids was assessed by 7-day 24-hour fluid intake questionnaire. The water from food was assessed by the duplicate portion method and the weight method. The urine samples of 24-hour was collected for 3 consecutive days, and the volume, osmolality and specific gravity of urine were measured. The energy expenditure in exercise was estimated by using the exercise plan.@*Results@#The median drinking fluids intake, water from food, total fluids intake and urine volume were 1 789, 955, 2 701, 850 mL/d, respectively. 15.6% of the subjects were in proper hydration status, and 43.1% of the subjects were in dehydration. The differences between drinking fluids intake, water from food, total fluids intake and urine volume of subjects in the different BMI and BF% levels were not significant(P>0.05). The differences between drinking fluids intake and total fluids intake of subjects in the different energy expenditure in exercise levels were significant(χ2=9.20, 8.43, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Comparing with the normal college students, the drinking fluids intake and total fluids intake of male sports people were higher, the volume of urine was lower, and the hydration status was worse. The targeted health education about water intake was recommended.

15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 333-336, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-819375

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the knowledge, attitudes and practices of drinking water among college students of Hebei Province, to provide evidence for health education.@*Methods@#A total of 715 subjects were selected from a university in Baoding City, Hebei Province in March 2017 by random cluster sampling. Knowledge, attitude and behavior of drinking water among college students were investigated by self-designed questionnaires.@*Results@#The awareness rate of water consumption of 1 500-1 700 mL was 19.0%, the awareness rate of drinking modes was 95.0%, the awareness rate of suitable drinking time was 30.1%, the awareness rate on drinking water was higher among girls and medical major sutdents (χ2=22.16, 12.49, P<0.05); the awareness rate on the relationship between insufficient drinking water and stroke, hypertension and coronary heart disease was generally low, with sophornore higher than freshman (χ2=11.10, P<0.05). The most common medium for accessing drinking water knowledge among the respondents was network (60.0%), followed by campus publicity/classroom teaching (48.3%). 99.6% of the respondents believed that drinking water was important to health, 98.3% were willing to change their drinking habits, 93.0% were willing to pay attention to drinking water education, and the proportion of female students was higher than that of male students (χ2=5.46, 6.49, 8.01, P<0.05). In real life, 48.4% of the respondents drank water on an empty stomach in the morning and 40.7% before going to bed. 45.5% of the respondents drank water when they thought of it.@*Conclusion@#College students in Hebei province are generally lack of appropriate awareness on water drinking, which varied in sex, grade and major. While the attitude towards water drinking is satisfactory, drinking behavior need to be improved.

16.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 329-332, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-819374

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate and analyze the amount and the type of fluid intake in spring among male college athletics in a university in Beijing, and to provide scientific basis and reference data for fluid intake-related education and formulating adequate water intake.@*Methods@#A simple random sampling method was used to select 109 male sports crowd from a college in Beijing. The information on amount and types of fluid intake were recorded using the validated 7-day fluid specific diary.@*Results@#The median amount of daily fluid intake among participants was 1 789 mL. The number of participants who reached the amount of adequate water intake for Chinese adult residents 60, which accounted for 55.1% of the total participants. There was difference on the amount of fluid intake among different participants after grouped by the quartiles of exercise consumption(χ2=9.20, P=0.03). There were also differences in the percentage of fluid intake reaching the recommended amount on adequate water intake(χ2=18.27, P=0.04). The median amount of plain water, dairy products, sports beverages, and other sugary beverages were 1 180, 40, 65, and 383 mL, respectively; which accounted for 67.1%, 2.2%, 3.7%, and 22.2% of daily fluid intake. There was difference on the amount of sports beverages among different participants after grouped by the quartiles of BF%(χ2=8.59, P=0.04). There was difference on the amount of sports beverages (χ2=8.25, P=0.00) and other sugar-sweetened beverages (χ2=8.57, P=0.02) among different participants after grouped by the quartiles of energy expenditure.@*Conclusion@#Among male sports population in a university in Beijing, the amount of fluid intake differed among different participants after grouped by the quartiles of exercise consumption. As the exercise consumption of participants increased, the water consumption increased. Participants mainly drink plain water, and there were differences on the types of fluid intake among participants with different BF% and different energy expenditure.

17.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 325-328, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-819341

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Adolescent physical health problem is an important issue of social concern across the world, and U.S. has also been faced with the social problem of severe obesity among children and adolescent. This paper analyzes the concept and implementation strategy of school sports "Let’s Move! Active School" programme through literature and text analysis. It’s measure’s to standardize sutdent’s living habits and cultivate student’s healthy lifestyle have great implications and provides inspiration and reference for the youth sports work in China.

18.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 321-324, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-819340

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Water has many physiological functions and is one of the essential substances for human survival and development. It is very important to take enough water and keep adequate hydration state. When children and adolescent are in physical activity, due to the different intensity of physical activity, energy consumption and environmental temperature and humidity, the water demand is also different. The risk of insufficient water intake and dehydration is higher among people in physical activity. However, the importance of water has not been paid enough attention, and the literacy on hydration state and health among children and adolescent needs to be improved. Children and adolescents generally had insufficient water intake and were dehydrated. Existing research showed that dehydration could reduce the cognitive ability of children and adolescents, and the cognitive ability could be improved after health education or water intake intervention. Scientific water supplement or electrolyte supplement and energy drink could help to improve the ability of physical activity. It is necessary to carry out more investigation on behavior of water intake and more researches on hydration state and health impacts among children and adolescent. It is also necessary to carry out water intake related health education children’s and adolescents’, so as to improve their the literacy on hydration state and health, and to promote sufficient water intake and reasonably choose on water type, to maintain appropriate hydration state, and then to promote their health.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-819335

ABSTRACT

@#Since December 2019, a novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV, SARS-CoV-2) pneumonia (COVID-19) outbreak has occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Province, and the epidemic situation has continued to spread. Such cases have also been found in other parts of the country. The spread of the novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic has brought great challenges to the clinical practice of thoracic surgery. Outpatient clinics need to strengthen the differential diagnosis of ground glass opacity and pulmonary plaque shadows. During the epidemic, surgical indications are strictly controlled, and selective surgery is postponed. Patients planning to undergo a limited period of surgery should be quarantined for 2 weeks and have a nucleic acid test when necessary before surgery. For patients who are planning to undergo emergency surgery, nucleic acid testing should be carried out before surgery, and three-level protection should be performed during surgery. Patients who are planning to undergo emergency surgery in the epidemic area should be confirmed with or without novel coronavirus pneumonia before operation, and perform nucleic acid test if necessary. Surgical disinfection and isolation measures should be strictly carried out. Among postoperative patients, cases with new coronavirus infection were actively investigated. For the rescue of patients with novel coronavirus infection, attention needs to be paid to prevention and treatment and related complications, including mechanical ventilation-related pneumothorax or mediastinal emphysema, and injury after tracheal intubation.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wpr-819278

ABSTRACT

The most important treatment of anti 2019 novel coronavirus is antiviral and supportive treatment. Currently, the anti novel coronavirus drugs in clinical trials include broad-spectrum antiviral drugs (Alpha interferon and Ribavirin), hemagglutinin inhibitors (Arbidol), human immunodeficiency virus protease inhibitors (Lopinavir/Ritonavir and Darunavir/Cobicistat), nucleoside analogues (Favipiravir and Remdesivir) and antimalarial drug (chloroquine), however, some patients suffered from liver damage during the actual usage. This article reviews the research on liver damage associated with anti novel coronavirus drugs, aiming at promoting the rational, safe and effective use of anti novel coronavirus drugs.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL