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Riesgo de desarrollar diabetes tipo 2 según LA FINDRISC y enfermedad arterial periférica / Risk of developing type 2 diabetes according to LA FINDRISC and peripheral arterial disease
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 9(2): 208, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIVECS | ID: biblio-1103357
Responsible library: VE1.1
RESUMEN
La diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2) representa un problema de salud pública, debido a su alta incidencia y prevalencia en el mundo. Un método para evaluar el riesgo de desarrollar DM2 es la escala Latin American Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (LA FINDRISC). La DM2 es un factor de riesgo de enfermedad arterial periférica (EAP) la cual puede ser diagnosticada mediante el índice tobillo-brazo (ITB).

Objetivo:

evaluar la presencia y severidad de enfermedad arterial periférica mediante ITB y relacionarlo con el riesgo de desarrollar DM2 según LA FINDRISC.

Métodos:

estudio descriptivo, correlacional, de corte transversal. Se evaluaron 134 personas y se les midió glicemia capilar para descartar diabetes. Posteriormente, se realizó el LA FINDRISC y el ITB.

Resultados:

El puntaje LA FINDRISC y la glicemia alteradas en ayunas aumentaron proporcionalmente (R2=0,5). Esta relación no se observó entre LA FINDRISC y el ITB arrojado por la población general. Sin embargo, al seleccionar los pacientes con vasos no comprimibles aparece una correlación positiva (R2=0,36) entre los dos instrumentos diagnósticos.

Conclusión:

LA FINDRISC y el ITB son instrumentos de diagnósticos no invasivo, sencillos y válidos para detectar riesgo de desarrollar DM2, y detectar presencia y severidad de enfermedad arterial periférica, respectivamente(AU)
ABSTRACT
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) represents a public health problem, due to its high incidence and prevalence in the world. One method to assess the risk of developing DM2 is the Latin American Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (LA FINDRISC) scale. DM2 is a risk factor for peripheral arterial disease (PAD) which can be diagnosed using the ankle-brachial index (ABI).

Objective:

to evaluate the presence and severity of peripheral arterial disease using ABI and to relate it to the risk of developing DM2 according to LA FINDRISC.

Methods:

descriptive, correlational, cross-sectional study. 134 people were evaluated, and capillary glycemia was measured to rule out diabetes. Subsequently, the LA FINDRISC and the ITB were held.

Results:

The LA FINDRISC score and impaired fasting blood glucose increased proportionally (R2 = 0.5). This relationship was not observed between LA FINDRISC and the ITB showed by the general population. However, when selecting patients with non-compressible vessels, a positive correlation (R2 = 0.36) appears between the two diagnostic instruments.

Conclusion:

FINDRISC and ITB are simple and valid non-invasive diagnostic instruments to detect the risk of developing DM2, and detect the presence and severity of peripheral arterial disease, respectively(AU)
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Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) / LIVECS Main subject: Body Mass Index / Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular / Peripheral Arterial Disease Type of study: Etiology_studies / Evaluation studies / Prevalence_studies / Risk_factors_studies Limits: Female / Humans / Male Language: Spanish Journal: Revista Digital de Postgrado Journal subject: Biomim‚tica / Medicina Year: 2020 Type: Article Institution/Affiliation country: Hospital Militar Dr. Carlos Arvelo/VE / Universidad Central de Venezuela/VE