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Biomarker testing for advanced lung cancer by next-generation sequencing; a valid method to achieve a comprehensive glimpse at mutational landscape
Appl. cancer res ; 40(4): [1-12], 01 june 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1103878
Responsible library: BR30.1
Localization: BR30.1
ABSTRACT

Background:

Next-generation sequencing (NGS) based assay for finding an actionable driver in non-small-cell lung cancer is a less used modality in clinical practice. With a long list of actionable targets, limited tissue, arduous single-gene assays, the alternative of NGS for broad testing in one experiment looks attractive. We report here our experience with NGS for biomarker testing in hundred advanced lung cancer patients.

Methods:

Predictive biomarker testing was performed using the Ion AmpliSeq™ Cancer Hotspot Panel V2 (30 tumors) and Oncomine™ Solid Tumor DNA and Oncomine™ Solid Tumor Fusion Transcript kit (70 tumors) on IonTorrent sequencing platform.

Results:

One-seventeen distinct aberrations were detected across 29 genes in eighty-six tumors. The most commonly mutated genes were TP53 (43% cases), EGFR (23% cases) and KRAS (17% cases). Thirty-four patients presented an actionable genetic variant for which targeted therapy is presently available, and fifty-two cases harbored non-actionable variants with the possibility of recruitment in clinical trials. NGS results were validated by individual tests for detecting EGFR mutation, ALK1 rearrangement, ROS1 fusion, and c-MET amplification. Compared to single test, NGS exhibited good agreement for detecting EGFR mutations and ALK1 fusion (sensitivity- 88.89%, specificity- 100%, Kappa-score 0.92 and sensitivity- 80%, specificity- 100%, Kappa-score 0.88; respectively). Further, the response of patients harboring tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) sensitizing EGFR mutations was assessed. The progression-free-survival of EGFR positive patients on TKI therapy, harboring a concomitant mutation in PIK3CAmTOR and/or RAS-RAF-MAPK pathway gene and/or TP53 gene was inferior to those with sole-sensitizing EGFR mutation (2 months vs. 9.5 months, P = 0.015).

Conclusions:

This is the first study from South Asia looking into the analytical validity of NGS and describing the mutational landscape of lung cancer patients to study the impact of co-mutations on cancer biology and treatment outcome. Our study demonstrates the clinical utility of NGS testing for identifying actionable variants and making treatment decisions in advanced lung cancer
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Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Biomarkers, Tumor / High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing / Lung Neoplasms Type of study: Prognostic_studies Limits: Female / Humans / Male Language: English Journal: Appl. cancer res Journal subject: Neoplasms Year: 2020 Type: Article Institution/Affiliation country: Department of Laboratory and Transfusion Services/IN / Department of Laboratory/IN / Department of Medical Oncology/IN / Department of Research/IN