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Medicinal plants of the brazilian cerrado: knowing to preserve / Plantas medicinais do cerrado brasileiro: sabendo preservar
Santos, Lucinéia dos; Viel, Amanda Martins; Tarosso, Leandro Fagundes; Momesso, Luciano da Silva; Palmieri, Dario Abel; Spera, Kamille Daleck.
  • Santos, Lucinéia dos; Universidade Estadual Paulista. Assis. BR
  • Viel, Amanda Martins; Universidade Estadual Paulista. Araraquara. BR
  • Tarosso, Leandro Fagundes; Universidade de São Paulo. Ribeirão Preto. BR
  • Momesso, Luciano da Silva; Centro Universitário das Faculdades Integradas de Ourinhos. Ourinhos. BR
  • Palmieri, Dario Abel; Universidade Estadual Paulista. Assis. BR
  • Spera, Kamille Daleck; Universidade Estadual Paulista. Araraquara. BR
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(2): 556-567, 01-03-2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146420
Responsible library: BR396.1
ABSTRACT
The Cerrado is the second largest biome in Brazil and presents an immeasurable and still underexplored ecological diversity. Despite the exuberance of its endemic species, it is one of the 25 global hotspots, due to a high natural biodiversity wealth along with an expressive environment destruction. In this study, we surveyed the knowledge on medicinal use of Cerrado plants held by individuals living in a predominantly Cerrado region. A semi-structured individual questionnaire for qualitative socio-economic characterization and medicinal use of plants was applied to Public Health Service users of the city of Assis, State of Sao Paulo, Brazil. This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Assis Regional Hospital (Protocol 4812010). Out of 149 respondents, 90.6% reported knowledge and/or use of plants for therapeutic purposes. Among 115 mentioned plant species, only 11.4% belong to the Cerrado. We also evaluated how matching were the reported uses and the respective published data from scientific studies on the plants' medicinal properties. It was verified that for the few Cerrado plants cited, the respondents described several medicinal applications not scientifically described. More precisely, 60.5% of all medicinal applications were not found in the scientific literature. Besides that, many of the therapeutic effects described in the literature for the Cerrado species were not cited by the interviewed population. Our results indicate a relative unawareness of people on the medicinal potential of the native species of their residence region. We suggest that strengthening connection between popular and scientific knowledge, along with spreading such knowledge, could contribute for an improved valuation about the Cerrado biome and consecutive preservation of it.KEYWORDS Popular knowledge. Scientific knowledge. Valuation about the biome. INTRODUCTION Use of medicinal plants dates back to ancient times (DUTRA et al., 2016) and, over time, accumulated empirical evidence produced from popular knowledge has enabled incorporation of phytotherapy into traditional medicine with positive results (SANTOS et al., 2011). With the advent of ethnobotany and ethnopharmacology, many of these plants began to be safely used in the production ofherbal medicines for treatment of different diseases, such as infections, tissue inflammation, and pain (EKOR, 2014). It is currently known that several secondary metabolites produced by plants not only protect themselves from herbivory and pathogens, for instance (FÜRSTENBERG-HÄGG; ZAGROBELNY; BAK, 2013; SANCHÉZ-SANCHÉZ; MORQUECHO-CONTRERAS, 2017), but also have beneficial effects on human health (TAIZ; ZEIGER, 2010). However, in many countries, including those that hold a large biodiversity, the native medicinal flora is still barely studied by scientific methods (RIBEIRO et al., 2014). The Cerrado is the second largest biome after the Amazon in Brazil. Although the extensive area of 2,036,448 km2 occupied nowadays by this biome (BARBOSA, 2017), much of the Cerrado has already been transformed into pasture, grain crops or devastated for other uses (KLINK; MACHADO, 2005). Currently, only 8,21% of its total area is fully protected (BARBOSA, 2017). As a result, it is one of the most threatened biomes in the world. According to Mittermeier et al. (2005), the Brazilian Cerrado is one of the 25 global hotspots, areas with concentration of endemic species and exceptional ongoing destruction. Many communities resident in Cerrado regions are comprised of poor people with restricted access to public health services and often dependent Received 14/05/18 Accepted 20/11/19
RESUMO
O Cerrado é o segundo maior bioma do Brasil, apresenta uma diversidade ecológica imensurável e ainda pouco explorada. Apesar da exuberância de suas espécies endêmicas, é um dos 25 hotspots globais, pois apresenta alta riqueza natural em termos de biodiversidade e destruição expressiva de seu meio ambiente. Neste estudo, pesquisamos o conhecimento sobre o uso medicinal de plantas do Cerrado entre indivíduos que vivem em uma região predominantemente do Cerrado. Um questionário individual semiestruturado com perguntas de caráter socioeconômicas qualitativas e referentes ao uso medicinal de plantas foi aplicado aos usuários do Serviço de Saúde Pública da cidade de Assis, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Este estudo foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética do Hospital Regional de Assis (Protocolo 4812010). Dos 149 entrevistados, 90,6% relataram conhecimento e / ou uso de plantas para fins terapêuticos. Entre as 115 espécies de plantas mencionadas, 11,4% pertencem ao Cerrado. Também avaliamos a correlação entre os usos relatados e os respectivos dados publicados em estudos científicos sobre as propriedades medicinais das plantas.Verificou-se que, para as poucas plantas de Cerrado citadas, os entrevistados descreveram diversas aplicações medicinais não descritas cientificamente. Mais precisamente, 60,5% do total das aplicações medicinais não foram encontrados na literatura científica. Além disso, muitos dos efeitos terapêuticos descritos na literatura para as espécies do Cerrado não foram citados pela população entrevistada. Portanto, sugerimos que o fortalecimento da conexão entre conhecimento popular e científico, aliado à disseminação desse conhecimento, poderia contribuir para uma maior valorização do bioma Cerrado e consequentemente a preservação do mesmo.
Subject(s)


Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Plants, Medicinal / Grassland Type of study: Ethics / Qualitative research Country/Region as subject: South America / Brazil Language: English Journal: Biosci. j. (Online) Journal subject: Agricultura / Disciplinas das Ciˆncias Biol¢gicas / Pesquisa Interdisciplinar Year: 2020 Type: Article Affiliation country: Brazil Institution/Affiliation country: Centro Universitário das Faculdades Integradas de Ourinhos/BR / Universidade Estadual Paulista/BR / Universidade de São Paulo/BR

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Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Plants, Medicinal / Grassland Type of study: Ethics / Qualitative research Country/Region as subject: South America / Brazil Language: English Journal: Biosci. j. (Online) Journal subject: Agricultura / Disciplinas das Ciˆncias Biol¢gicas / Pesquisa Interdisciplinar Year: 2020 Type: Article Affiliation country: Brazil Institution/Affiliation country: Centro Universitário das Faculdades Integradas de Ourinhos/BR / Universidade Estadual Paulista/BR / Universidade de São Paulo/BR