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Inhibition of preadipocyte differentiation by Lycium barbarum polysaccharide treatment in 3T3-L1 cultures
Xu, Xiaochun; Chen, Wenjuan; Yu, Shukun; Lei, Qian; Han, Lihong; Ma, Wenping.
  • Xu, Xiaochun; North Minzu University. Collaborative Innovation Center for Food Production and Safety. Yinchuan. CN
  • Chen, Wenjuan; North Minzu University. Collaborative Innovation Center for Food Production and Safety. Yinchuan. CN
  • Yu, Shukun; North Minzu University. Collaborative Innovation Center for Food Production and Safety. Yinchuan. CN
  • Lei, Qian; North Minzu University. Collaborative Innovation Center for Food Production and Safety. Yinchuan. CN
  • Han, Lihong; North Minzu University. Collaborative Innovation Center for Food Production and Safety. Yinchuan. CN
  • Ma, Wenping; North Minzu University. Collaborative Innovation Center for Food Production and Safety. Yinchuan. CN
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 50: 53-58, Mar. 2021. graf, tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292393
Responsible library: CL1.1
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Lycium barbarum (also called wolfberry), a famous Chinese traditional medicine and food ingredient, is well recognized for its significant role in preventing obesity; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying its preventive effects on fat accumulation are not well understood yet. The aim of this study was to determine the effects and mechanism of Lycium barbarum polysaccharides (LBP) on the proliferation and differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. MTT was used to detect the proliferation of 3T3-Ll preadipocytes. Oil red O staining and colorimetric analysis were used to detect cytosolic lipid accumulation during 3T3-L1 preadipocyte differentiation. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (qPCR) technology was used to detect peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor c (PPARc), CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein a (C/EBPa), adipocyte fatty-acid-binding protein (aP2), fatty acid synthase (FAS), and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) expression.

RESULTS:

The concentration of LBP from 25 to 200 lg/mL showed a tendency to inhibit the growth of preadipocytes at 24 h, and it inhibited the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes in a dose-dependent manner. In the preadipocytes treated with 200 lg/mL LBP, there were reduced lipid droplets in the cytoplasm, and its effect was opposite to that of rosiglitazone (ROS), which significantly reduced the PPARc, C/EBPa, aP2, FAS, and LPL mRNA expression of adipocytes.

CONCLUSIONS:

LBP exerts inhibitive effects on the proliferation and differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and decreases the cytoplasm accumulation of lipid droplets during induced differentiation of preadipocytes toward mature cells. Above phenomenon might link to lowered expression of PPARc, C/EBPa, aP2, FAS, and LPL after LBP treatment. Thus, LBP could serve as a potential plant extract to treat human obesity or improve farm animal carcass quality via adjusting lipid metabolism.
Subject(s)


Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Polysaccharides / Plant Extracts / Adipocytes / Lycium Language: English Journal: Electron. j. biotechnol Journal subject: Biotechnology Year: 2021 Type: Article Affiliation country: China Institution/Affiliation country: North Minzu University/CN

Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Polysaccharides / Plant Extracts / Adipocytes / Lycium Language: English Journal: Electron. j. biotechnol Journal subject: Biotechnology Year: 2021 Type: Article Affiliation country: China Institution/Affiliation country: North Minzu University/CN