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Chemical composition, antioxidant, antimicrobial activity, toxicity, genetic analysis and popular use of Eugenia luschnathiana (O. Berg) Klotzsch ex B. D. Jacks: a literature review / Composición química, actividad antioxidante, antimicrobiana, toxicidad, análisis genético y uso popular de Eugenia luschnathiana (O. Berg) Klotzsch ex B. D Jack: una revisión de la literatura
Henriques, Martha Quitéria Silva; Barbosa, David Henrique Xavier; Alves, Danielle da Nóbrega; Melo, Ana Karoline Vieira; Castro, Ricardo Dias de.
  • Henriques, Martha Quitéria Silva; Federal University of Paraiba. Health Sciences Center. João Pessoa. BR
  • Barbosa, David Henrique Xavier; Federal University of Paraiba. Health Sciences Center. João Pessoa. BR
  • Alves, Danielle da Nóbrega; Federal University of Paraiba. Health Sciences Center. João Pessoa. BR
  • Melo, Ana Karoline Vieira; Federal University of Paraiba. Health Sciences Center. João Pessoa. BR
  • Castro, Ricardo Dias de; Federal University of Paraiba. Health Sciences Center. João Pessoa. BR
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(3): 215-225, may. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342813
Responsible library: CL1.1
ABSTRACT
This review describes the geographical distribution, botanical data, popular use, chemical composition, pharmacological activities and genetic aspects related to Eugenia luschnathiana, a native Brazilian plant popularly known as "bay pitomba". E. luschnathiana leaves are characterized morphologically by the presence of a petiole, an attenuated base, acuminated apex, elliptical shape, and parallel venation. The major chemical compounds found in E. luschnathiana are sesquiterpenes. Literature reports showed that E. luschnathiana extracts have antioxidant properties and antimicrobial activity against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. The extractsfrom the leaf, fruit and stem, and a concentrated residual solution of its essential oil, displayed negligible toxicity. Lastly, a cytogenetic analysis indicated that some markers can be used for the study of genetic diversity, population structure, and genetic improvements. The information available on E. luschnathiana supports the hypothesis that this plant may be a source of compounds with promising pharmacological activity.
RESUMEN
Esta revisión describe la distribución geográfica, datos botánicos, uso popular, composición química, actividad farmacológica y el análisis genético de Eugenia luschnathiana, una planta originaria del Brasil conocida popularmente como "pitomba da baía". Las hojas de E. luschnathiana se caracterizan por la presencia de pecíolo, base atenuada, ápice acuminado, forma elíptica y venación paralela. Su composición química presenta mayormente sesquiterpenos. Los informes en la literatura muestran que los extractos de E. luschnathiana presentan propiedades antioxidantes y actividad antimicrobiana contra las bacterias Gram-negativas y Gram-positivas. Los extractos de la hoja, fruto y tallo, y una solución residual concentrada del aceite esencial, presentaron baja toxicidad. Por último, un análisis citogenético indicó que algunos marcadores pueden utilizarse para estudios de diversidad genética, estructura poblacional y mejoramiento genético. Las informaciones disponibles acerca de E. luschnathiana proponen la hipótesis de que esta planta puede ser una fuente de compuestos con actividad farmacológica prometedora.
Subject(s)


Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Oils, Volatile / Plant Extracts / Eugenia / Anti-Infective Agents Language: English Journal: Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát Journal subject: Botany / Medicine / Plantas Medicinais / Terapias Complementares Year: 2021 Type: Article Affiliation country: Brazil Institution/Affiliation country: Federal University of Paraiba/BR

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Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Oils, Volatile / Plant Extracts / Eugenia / Anti-Infective Agents Language: English Journal: Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát Journal subject: Botany / Medicine / Plantas Medicinais / Terapias Complementares Year: 2021 Type: Article Affiliation country: Brazil Institution/Affiliation country: Federal University of Paraiba/BR