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Network pharmacology strategy to investigate the pharmacological effects of Suanzaoren Decoction on insomnia
Weng, Xiaojian; Jiang, Jimin; Li, Hailong; Tan, Yi.
  • Weng, Xiaojian; Quzhou Municipal Hospital Of TCM. Quzhou. CN
  • Jiang, Jimin; Quzhou Municipal Hospital Of TCM. Quzhou. CN
  • Li, Hailong; Zhejiang University of Technology. Hangzhou. CN
  • Tan, Yi; The First Peoples Hospital Of Hangzhou Lin An District. Hangzhou. CN
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e21182, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429967
ABSTRACT
Abstract Suanzaoren Decoction (SZRD) is an ancient prescription used in the treatment of insomnia. This study aimed to investigate the components and targets of SZRD in treating insomnia. First, the compounds of five herbs in SZRD were collected from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP), and the putative targets for treating insomnia were obtained from DrugBank to construct the herb-compound-target- disease network. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed in the STRING database, and then Gene Ontology functional enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were performed to predict the mechanism of action of intersection target. Finally, 30 mice were divided into five groups control, model, and quercetin groups (100, 50, 25 mg/kg). The sleep latency and duration of pentobarbital-induced sleeping were measured. The production of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and γ-aminobutyric acid (γ-GABA) was detected by using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit (ELISA), and Gamma-aminobutyric acid type a receptor subunit alpha1 (GABRA1) was tested by Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR). A total of 152 active ingredients, including 80 putative targets of SZRD, were obtained. The main active compounds included quercetin and kaempferol, and the key targets involved IL-6 and nitric oxide synthase 3 (NOS3). The results of pathway enrichment analysis indicated that the putative targets of SZRD mainly participated in Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction. The experiment of P-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA)-induced insomnia model showed that quercetin obviously shortened the sleep latency and prolonged the sleep duration of the insomnia model. The production of IL-6, γ-GABA, and GABRA1 mRNA was significantly increased in mice treated with quercetin. This study predicted the active ingredients and potential targets of SZRD on insomnia on the basis of a systematic network pharmacology approach and illustrated that SZRD might exert hypnotic effects via regulating IL-6, γ-GABA, and GABRA1
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Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Plant Extracts / Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders Type of study: Prognostic study Limits: Animals Language: English Journal: Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) Journal subject: Farmacologia / Terapˆutica / Toxicologia Year: 2023 Type: Article Affiliation country: China Institution/Affiliation country: Quzhou Municipal Hospital Of TCM/CN / The First Peoples Hospital Of Hangzhou Lin An District/CN / Zhejiang University of Technology/CN

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Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Plant Extracts / Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders Type of study: Prognostic study Limits: Animals Language: English Journal: Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) Journal subject: Farmacologia / Terapˆutica / Toxicologia Year: 2023 Type: Article Affiliation country: China Institution/Affiliation country: Quzhou Municipal Hospital Of TCM/CN / The First Peoples Hospital Of Hangzhou Lin An District/CN / Zhejiang University of Technology/CN