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Diabetes mellitus and sensorineural hearing loss: is there an association? Baseline of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)
Samelli, Alessandra G; Santos, Itamar S; Moreira, Renata R; Rabelo, Camila M; Rolim, Laurie P; Bensenõr, Isabela J; Lotufo, Paulo A.
  • Samelli, Alessandra G; Universidade de São Paulo. Fonoaudiologia e Terapia Ocupacional. Departamento de Fisioterapia. São Paulo. BR
  • Santos, Itamar S; Universidade de São Paulo. Fonoaudiologia e Terapia Ocupacional. Departamento de Fisioterapia. São Paulo. BR
  • Moreira, Renata R; Universidade de São Paulo. Fonoaudiologia e Terapia Ocupacional. Departamento de Fisioterapia. São Paulo. BR
  • Rabelo, Camila M; Universidade de São Paulo. Fonoaudiologia e Terapia Ocupacional. Departamento de Fisioterapia. São Paulo. BR
  • Rolim, Laurie P; Universidade de São Paulo. Fonoaudiologia e Terapia Ocupacional. Departamento de Fisioterapia. São Paulo. BR
  • Bensenõr, Isabela J; Universidade de São Paulo. Fonoaudiologia e Terapia Ocupacional. Departamento de Fisioterapia. São Paulo. BR
  • Lotufo, Paulo A; Universidade de São Paulo. Fonoaudiologia e Terapia Ocupacional. Departamento de Fisioterapia. São Paulo. BR
Clinics ; 72(1): 5-10, Jan. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840031
Responsible library: BR1.1
ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES:

Although several studies have investigated the effects of diabetes on hearing loss, the relationship between these two conditions remains unclear. Some studies have suggested that diabetes may cause sensorineural hearing loss, whereas others have failed to find an association. The biggest challenge in investigating the association between diabetes and hearing loss is the presence of confounding variables and the complexity of the auditory system. Our study investigated the association between diabetes and sensorineural hearing loss. We evaluated the influence of time from diabetes diagnosis on this association after controlling for age, gender, and hypertension diagnosis and excluding those subjects with exposure to noise.

METHODS:

This cross-sectional study evaluated 901 adult and elderly Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) participants from São Paulo, Brazil who underwent audiometry testing as part of ELSA-Brasil’s baseline assessment.

RESULTS:

Hearing thresholds and speech test results were significantly worse in the group with diabetes than in the group without diabetes. However, no significant differences were found between participants with and without diabetes after adjusting for age, gender, and the presence of hypertension. Hearing thresholds were not affected by occupational noise exposure in the groups with and without diabetes. In addition, no association between the duration of diabetes and hearing thresholds was observed after adjusting for age, gender, and hypertension.

CONCLUSION:

We found no association between the duration of diabetes and worse hearing thresholds after models were adjusted for age, gender, and the presence of hypertension.
Subject(s)


Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Auditory Threshold / Diabetes Complications / Diabetes Mellitus / Hearing Loss, Sensorineural Type of study: Prevalence study Limits: Adult / Aged / Female / Humans / Male Country/Region as subject: South America / Brazil Language: English Journal: Clinics Journal subject: Medicine Year: 2017 Type: Article / Project document Affiliation country: Brazil Institution/Affiliation country: Universidade de São Paulo/BR

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Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Auditory Threshold / Diabetes Complications / Diabetes Mellitus / Hearing Loss, Sensorineural Type of study: Prevalence study Limits: Adult / Aged / Female / Humans / Male Country/Region as subject: South America / Brazil Language: English Journal: Clinics Journal subject: Medicine Year: 2017 Type: Article / Project document Affiliation country: Brazil Institution/Affiliation country: Universidade de São Paulo/BR