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Behavioral and biological risks of women seeking HIV test in an anonymous testing center
Ribeiro Filho, Ayrton Daniel; Giraldo, Paulo César; Silva, Maria José Penna Maisonnette de Attayde; Amaral, Rose Luce Gomes do; Eleutério Junior, José; Gonçalves, Ana Katherine da Silveira.
  • Ribeiro Filho, Ayrton Daniel; Universidade Estadual de Campinas. BR
  • Giraldo, Paulo César; Unicamp. Tocogynecology Department. BR
  • Silva, Maria José Penna Maisonnette de Attayde; Universidade Potiguar. BR
  • Amaral, Rose Luce Gomes do; Unicamp. Tocogynecology Department. BR
  • Eleutério Junior, José; Universidade Federal do Ceará. Tocogynecology Department. BR
  • Gonçalves, Ana Katherine da Silveira; UFRN. Tocogynecology Department. BR
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 15(4): 360-364, July-Aug. 2011. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-595678
Responsible library: BR1.1
ABSTRACT
Due to the high prevalence and morbidity sexually transmitted diseases are highly relevant to public health, especially for women.

OBJECTIVES:

To determine and compare the behavioral and biological risks associated with human immunodeficiency virus acquisition.

METHODS:

A group of 253 women who voluntarily sought anonymous testing were interviewed to find out their behavioral risk. Biological risk was identified by means of gynecological exam, colposcopy as well as blood and cervicovaginal sampling for serological and microbiological exams. Using known traditional risk factors, a table of scores classified the subjects into high, low and absent for behavioral and biological risks. Frequency and percentage of each risk was tabulated and the correlation between risks was obtained by calculating the Kappa statistic.

RESULTS:

79.8 percent of subjects were found to have behavioral risks, and 79.1 percent biological risks. It was also found that 66.7 percent of the women (169) with high behavioral risk also had high biological vulnerability. However, 31 out of 51 women without any behavioral risk had biological vulnerability 12.2 percent. The Kappa statistic demonstrated low agreement between the latter risks [K = 0.05 95 percent CI (-0.06 to 0.17)].

CONCLUSION:

Women who seek care in centers for anonymous testing have high biological risk, which is neither proportional nor concurrent to behavioral risk. The low concordance found between these risks suggests the need for routine gynecological investigation (clinical and microbiological) for all women.
Subject(s)

Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Risk-Taking / HIV Infections / Anonymous Testing Type of study: Prevalence study Limits: Adult / Female / Humans Language: English Journal: Braz. j. infect. dis Journal subject: Communicable Diseases Year: 2011 Type: Article Affiliation country: Brazil Institution/Affiliation country: UFRN/BR / Unicamp/BR / Universidade Estadual de Campinas/BR / Universidade Federal do Ceará/BR / Universidade Potiguar/BR

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Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Risk-Taking / HIV Infections / Anonymous Testing Type of study: Prevalence study Limits: Adult / Female / Humans Language: English Journal: Braz. j. infect. dis Journal subject: Communicable Diseases Year: 2011 Type: Article Affiliation country: Brazil Institution/Affiliation country: UFRN/BR / Unicamp/BR / Universidade Estadual de Campinas/BR / Universidade Federal do Ceará/BR / Universidade Potiguar/BR