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Comparison of sxx commercially-available dna polymerases for direct ccr / Comparacao de seis polimerases de DNA disponiveis comercialmente para o PCR direto
Miura, Masashi; Tanigawa, Chihiro; Fujii, Yoshito; Kaneko, Satoshi.
  • Miura, Masashi; Nagasaki University. Institute of Tropical Medicine (NEKKEN). Department of Eco-epidemiology. Nagasaki. JP
  • Tanigawa, Chihiro; Nagasaki University. Institute of Tropical Medicine (NEKKEN). Department of Eco-epidemiology. Nagasaki. JP
  • Fujii, Yoshito; Nagasaki University. Institute of Tropical Medicine (NEKKEN). Department of Eco-epidemiology. Nagasaki. JP
  • Kaneko, Satoshi; Nagasaki University. Institute of Tropical Medicine (NEKKEN). Department of Eco-epidemiology. Nagasaki. JP
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 55(6): 401-406, Nov-Dec/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-690351
Responsible library: BR1.1
ABSTRACT
SUMMARY The use of a “direct PCRDNA polymerase enables PCR amplification without any prior DNA purification from blood samples due to the enzyme's resistance to inhibitors present in blood components. Such DNA polymerases are now commercially available. We compared the PCR performance of six direct PCR-type DNA polymerases (KOD FX, Mighty Amp, Hemo KlenTaq, Phusion Blood II, KAPA Blood, and BIOTAQ) in dried blood eluted from a filter paper with TE buffer. GoTaq Flexi was used as a standard DNA polymerase. PCR performance was evaluated by a nested PCR technique for detecting Plasmodium falciparum genomic DNA in the presence of the blood components. Although all six DNA polymerases showed resistance to blood components compared to the standard Taq polymerase, the KOD FX and BIOTAQ DNA polymerases were resistant to inhibitory blood components at concentrations of 40%, and their PCR performance was superior to that of other DNA polymerases. When the reaction mixture contained a mild detergent, only KOD FX DNA polymerase retained the original amount of amplified product. These results indicate that KOD FX DNA polymerase is the most resistant to inhibitory blood components and/or detergents. Thus, KOD FX DNA polymerase could be useful in serological studies to simultaneously detect antibodies and DNA in eluents for antibodies. KOD FX DNA polymerase is thus not limited to use in detecting malaria parasites, but could also be employed to detect other blood-borne pathogens. .
RESUMO
RESUMO O propósito deste estudo foi avaliar 6 polimerases de DNA disponíveis comercialmente que são resistentes aos inibidores do PCR para uma amplificação potencial de DNA de amostras de sangue total. O DNA genômico do parasita humano da malária, Plasmodium falciparum, foi analisado sob condições que incluíram os componentes inibidores do sangue extraído de sangue ressacado em papel de filtro. Nossos resultados sugerem que a polimerase KOD FX DNA é superior a outras polimerases. .
Subject(s)

Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Plasmodium falciparum / Polymerase Chain Reaction / DNA, Protozoan / Malaria, Falciparum / DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase Limits: Humans Language: English Journal: Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo Journal subject: Tropical Medicine Year: 2013 Type: Article Affiliation country: Japan Institution/Affiliation country: Nagasaki University/JP

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Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Plasmodium falciparum / Polymerase Chain Reaction / DNA, Protozoan / Malaria, Falciparum / DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase Limits: Humans Language: English Journal: Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo Journal subject: Tropical Medicine Year: 2013 Type: Article Affiliation country: Japan Institution/Affiliation country: Nagasaki University/JP