Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Population structure and reproductive period of two introduced fish species in a Brazilian semiarid region reservoir / Estructura poblacional y período reproductivo de dos especies introducidas de peces en una represa de una región semiárida brasileña
Sousa, Marla Melise de Oliveira; Lopes, Suzany Iasnaya Moreira; Costa, Rodrigo Silva da; Novaes, José Luís Costa.
  • Sousa, Marla Melise de Oliveira; marla_melise@hotmail.com, suzanymoreira@hotmail.com, rdgcosta@ufersa.edu.br, novaes@ufersa.edu.br. BR
  • Lopes, Suzany Iasnaya Moreira; marla_melise@hotmail.com, suzanymoreira@hotmail.com, rdgcosta@ufersa.edu.br, novaes@ufersa.edu.br. BR
  • Costa, Rodrigo Silva da; marla_melise@hotmail.com, suzanymoreira@hotmail.com, rdgcosta@ufersa.edu.br, novaes@ufersa.edu.br. BR
  • Novaes, José Luís Costa; marla_melise@hotmail.com, suzanymoreira@hotmail.com, rdgcosta@ufersa.edu.br, novaes@ufersa.edu.br. BR
Rev. biol. trop ; 63(3): 727-739, jul.-sep. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-778080
Responsible library: CR1.1
ABSTRACT
The Amazonian fish species Plagioscion squamosissimus(Sciaenidae) and Cichla monoculus(Cichlidae), have been widely introduced into different reservoirs in Brazil, and have caused many negative impacts on local fish fauna. The aim of this study was to evaluate the population structure (abundance, length structure, length-weight relationship, sex ratio, and length at first maturity) and the reprodutive period of these two species in the Santa Cruz Reservoir (built in 2002), located in the Brazilian semiarid region, for their adequate management and local species conservation policies. Specimens were collected quarterly in eight sites from February 2010 to November 2013 using gillnets (12 to 70 mm mesh between adjacent knots). The specimens captured were counted and the following biometric and biological data were analysed standard length, total weight, and reproductive data, such as, sex, weight and gonadal maturity stage. The species abundances were estimated by CPUE and expressed as the number of individuals per gill net area x gill net exposition time (m2 x h); length frequency histograms were built with intervals of 5 cm. The length-weight parameters were estimated with a linear regression after a logarithmic transformation of the data. With the reproductive data we estimated sex ratio, reproduction period and length at first maturity (L50). We captured a total of 1 071 specimens of P. squamosissimusand 156 specimens of C. monoculus.Both species showed higher abundances in 2010, 0.004306 m2 x h and 0.00022 m2 x h, respectively, but this parameter decreased from 2010 to 2013. Standard length ranged between 6.4 and 46.2 cm for P. squamosissimus(20.025.0 cm was the most frequent class), and 7.0 and 38.7 cm for C. monoculus(10.0-15.0 cm was the most frequent class). The length-weight relationships were described by the following equations log10Wt = -1.8349+3.0899log10Lp and R2 = 0.9795 for P. squamosissimus,and log10Wt = -1.7944+3.0885log10Lp and Wt = 0.0160 and R2 = 0.9929 for C. monoculus;both species exhibited positive allometric growth. The sex ratio for both species differed from 11, with a predominance of females for P. squamosissimusand males for C. monoculus.The Lp50 was estimated to be 15.90 cm for P. squa-mosissimusand 15.65 cm for C. monoculus,and the reproductive data indicated that both species reproduced throughout the year. We concluded that although the population of both species reduced their abundance over the study period, P. squamosissimusand C. monoculusare established and structured populations in the Santa Cruz Reservoir with individuals growing satisfactorily and reproducing in all seasons, without a well-defined reproductive peak. We suggest that the managers may allow the artisanal and/or sport fisheries of these species.
RESUMEN
Las especies de peces amazónicos Plagioscion squamosissimus(Sciaenidae) y Cichla monoculus(Cichlidae), se han introducido ampliamente en diferentes embalses en Brasil, y han causado muchos impactos negativos sobre la fauna de peces locales. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la estructura poblacio-nal (abundancia, estructura de tallas, relación talla-peso, proporción de sexos, y talla de primera madurez) y el período reproductivo de estas dos especies en la represa Santa Cruz, (construida en el 2002), situada en la región semiárida de Brasil. Las muestras se recogieron trimestralmente en ocho sitios de febrero 2010 a noviembre 2013 mediante redes de pesca (12 a 70 mm). Los ejemplares capturados se contaron y se analizaron los siguientes datos bio-métricos y biológicos longitud estándar, peso total, y datos reproductivos, tales como sexo, peso y estado de madurez gonadal. Capturamos un total de 1 071 ejemplares de P. squamosis-simusy 156 de C. monoculus.Ambas especies mostraron mayor abundancia en el 2010, 0.004306 m2 x h y 0.00022 m2 x h, respectivamente, pero este parámetro disminuyó de 2010 a 2013. La longitud estándar osciló entre 6.4 y 46.2 cm para P squamosissimusy 7.0 y 38.7 cm para C. monoculus.Las relaciones talla-peso fueron descritas por las siguientes ecuaciones log10Wt = -1.8349 + 3.0899log10Lp y R2 = 0.9795 para P squamosissimusy log10Wt = -1.7944 + 3.0885log10Lp y Wt = 0.0160 yR2 = 0.9929 para C. monoculus;ambas especies mostraron un crecimiento alométrico positivo. La proporción de sexos para ambas especies difirió de 11, con un predominio de hembras en P. squamosissimusy machos en C. monoculus.El LP50 se estimó en 15.90 cm para P. squamosissimusy 15.65 cm para C. monoculus,los datos de reproducción indicaron que ambas especies se reproducen durante todo el año. Llegamos a la conclusión de que aunque la población de ambas especies redujo su abundancia durante el período de estudio, P. squamosissimusy C. monoculusestán ...
Subject(s)
Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Reproduction / Sexual Maturation / Perciformes / Introduced Species Limits: Animals Country/Region as subject: South America / Brazil Language: English Journal: Rev. biol. trop Journal subject: Biology / Tropical Medicine Year: 2015 Type: Article Affiliation country: Brazil Institution/Affiliation country: marla_melise@hotmail.com, suzanymoreira@hotmail.com, rdgcosta@ufersa.edu.br, novaes@ufersa.edu.br/BR

Similar

MEDLINE

...
LILACS

LIS

Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Reproduction / Sexual Maturation / Perciformes / Introduced Species Limits: Animals Country/Region as subject: South America / Brazil Language: English Journal: Rev. biol. trop Journal subject: Biology / Tropical Medicine Year: 2015 Type: Article Affiliation country: Brazil Institution/Affiliation country: marla_melise@hotmail.com, suzanymoreira@hotmail.com, rdgcosta@ufersa.edu.br, novaes@ufersa.edu.br/BR