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Root-surface phosphatase activity in shrublands across a European gradient: effects of warming.
J Environ Biol ; 2008 Jan; 29(1): 25-9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-113688
ABSTRACT
Root-surface phosphatase activities were measured in natural and semi-natural shrublands across an European climatic gradient of temperature and rainfall including Wales (WL), Denmark (DK), Netherlands (NL), Hungary (HU), Italy (IT) and Spain (SP). In each site a warming experiment was conducted since 1999 or 2001 by means of passive night-time warming using reflective curtains that covered the vegetation at night. The treatments increased yearly average soil temperatures around 0. 8 degrees C in most of sites. Root-surface phosphatase activity values ranged between 56 mg PNP g(-1) h(-1) in IT and 3.5 mg PNP g(-1) h(-1) in HU. Warming had no effect on root-surface phosphatase activity across the sites and only in Hungary a slight increase was detected. Plants at Mediterranean sites (IT, SP) showed a higher root-surface phosphatase activity than plants at temperate sites (WL, NL, DK). We suggest it might be an adaptation of plant species evolved under Mediterranean climate that allows them a) to compensate in wet period for the decrease in phosphatase activity, and thus P uptake, during drought periods, and/or b) to benefit from soluble organic P flushes following the frequent drying-rewetting episodes experienced by soils in Mediterranean ecosystems.
Subject(s)
Full text: Available Index: IMSEAR (South-East Asia) Main subject: Plants / Rain / Soil / Environmental Monitoring / Greenhouse Effect / Ecosystem / Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases / Plant Roots / Europe / Geography Country/Region as subject: Europa Language: English Journal: J Environ Biol Year: 2008 Type: Article
Full text: Available Index: IMSEAR (South-East Asia) Main subject: Plants / Rain / Soil / Environmental Monitoring / Greenhouse Effect / Ecosystem / Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases / Plant Roots / Europe / Geography Country/Region as subject: Europa Language: English Journal: J Environ Biol Year: 2008 Type: Article