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Characterization and expression of codon optimized soybean phytase gene in E. coli.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2013 Dec; 50(6): 537-547
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154210
ABSTRACT
Phytic acid, the major storage form of phosphorus in plant seeds is degraded by the phytases to yield inositol and free phosphate, contributing thereby to the improved bioavailability of phytate phosphorus and essential minerals in plant foods and simultaneous reduction in phosphorus pollution of the terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. As a possible strategy for altering seed phytate levels, the approach involving reduction of phytate content by ectopically expressing endogenous phytase gene during seed development of soybean (Glycine max L. cv. Pusa-20) was attempted in the present study. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR revealed the maximum expression of phytase gene transcripts in germinating cotyledons (~10 days after germinations), compared to other vegetative tissues. A full-length phytase cDNA was amplified from the germinating seedlings by splicing by overlap extension (SOE)-PCR and its sequence analysis revealed an open-reading-frame of 1644 bp, including an N terminal signal peptide of 28 amino acids. Predicted amino acid sequence (547-aa) of molecular mass 62 kDa on alignment with related purple acid phosphatases in other plants shared five conserved domains and seven invariant amino acids involved in coordination of the metals in the binuclear center of purple acid phosphatases. Owing to a large number of E. coli low-usage codons in soybean phytase gene, the modified gene was cloned into a prokaryotic expression vector pET-28a (+) and its expression in E. coli was confirmed by SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis. Bioassay of the crude expression product in E. coli revealed a functional phytase gene, showing a great potential for developing low phytate transgenic soybean through its seed-specific overexpression in the early stages of seed development.
Subject(s)
Full text: Available Index: IMSEAR (South-East Asia) Main subject: Organ Specificity / Phylogeny / Phosphorus / Soybeans / Codon / Molecular Sequence Data / Genetic Engineering / Gene Expression / Amino Acid Sequence / Cloning, Molecular Language: English Journal: Indian J Biochem Biophys Year: 2013 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: IMSEAR (South-East Asia) Main subject: Organ Specificity / Phylogeny / Phosphorus / Soybeans / Codon / Molecular Sequence Data / Genetic Engineering / Gene Expression / Amino Acid Sequence / Cloning, Molecular Language: English Journal: Indian J Biochem Biophys Year: 2013 Type: Article