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Gender Determination from the Long Bones of the Arm: An Institutional Based Study
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-203471
ABSTRACT

Background:

Identifying the sex of a body and estimating thebody’s stature are considered the most important factors inestablishing the identity of indefinite dead bodies, parts ofbodies, or even skeletal fragments. Many researchers studiedthe sexual dimorphism of adult skeletons using the dimensionsof the skull, face, long bones, hands, feet, and pelvis. Henceunder the light of above-mentioned data, the present study wasundertaken for assessing gender determination from long boneof arms.Materials &

Methods:

A total of 50 sets of male humerus,radius and ulna and 50 sets of female humerus, radius andulna were obtained from the cadavers. No bones with obviouspathologies or healed fractures were included. Maximumlengths of the humerus, radius, and ulna were measured withan osteometric table, measuring tape, and digital calipers andapproximated to the nearest 0.5 mm. All the bones werecleaned after removal from the cadavers. A surgical knife wasused to remove the articulate cartilages. All the results wererecorded in Microsoft excel sheet and were analysed by SPSSsoftware.

Results:

Mean radius length among males and females wasfound to be 263.12 mm and 233.27 mm respectively.Mean ulna length among males and females was found to be277.46 mm and 251.36 mm respectively. Mean humerus lengthamong males and females was found to be 338.24 mm and311.24 mm respectively. Significant results were obtainedwhile comparing the mean length of long bones among malesand females.

Conclusion:

Long bone measurements are importantparameters with the high accuracy for the determination ofgender from the skeletal remains of the human body.
Full text: Available Index: IMSEAR (South-East Asia) Year: 2019 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: IMSEAR (South-East Asia) Year: 2019 Type: Article