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Overt disseminated intravascular coagulation in obstetric patients.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-40281
ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the incidence, etiology and outcome of treatment in obstetric patients complicated by overt disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). MATERIAL AND

METHOD:

Medical records of 25 obstetric patients with a diagnosis of DIC in Songklanagarind University Hospital from January 1993 to December 2005 were reviewed

RESULTS:

The incidence of overt DIC was I per 1,355 deliveries. Median maternal age was 30 years (range 17-44 years). Median duration of hospital stay was 10 days (range 0-32 days). The main associated conditions included abruptio placentae in 6 patients (24%), pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) in 5 (20%), amniotic fluid embolism in 4 (16%), acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) in 4 (16%), and HELLP syndrome in 3 (12%). A definite diagnosis ofDIC was made in 8 patients (32%) with a median DIC score of 6 (range 5-7) and the remainder were clinically diagnosed with incomplete work-up. All patients received blood component replacement. Cesarean section was performed in 10 patients (40%) and hysterectomy in 9 patients (36%). Six patients died, giving a case mortality rate of 24%. Three were associated with amniotic fluid embolism and one of each with fulminant hepatitis, ALFP and HELLP syndrome. Thirteen of 24 fetuses (54%) died, most related to abruptio placentae (6/6, 100%), PIH (4/5, 80%), and amniotic fluid embolism (2/4, 50%).

CONCLUSION:

Various pregnancy-related conditions will predispose to DIC development. Early diagnosis with prompt treatment, including a quick decision for surgical intervention, and eradication of predisposing conditions would minimize maternal morbidity and mortality.
Subject(s)
Full text: Available Index: IMSEAR (South-East Asia) Main subject: Pregnancy Complications / Thailand / Female / Humans / Pregnancy / Pregnancy Outcome / Incidence / Retrospective Studies / Risk Factors / Adolescent Type of study: Incidence study / Screening study Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Year: 2007 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: IMSEAR (South-East Asia) Main subject: Pregnancy Complications / Thailand / Female / Humans / Pregnancy / Pregnancy Outcome / Incidence / Retrospective Studies / Risk Factors / Adolescent Type of study: Incidence study / Screening study Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: English Year: 2007 Type: Article