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Validation of CT-Based Risk Stratification System for Lymph Node Metastasis in Patients With Thyroid Cancer
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1028-1037, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002415
ABSTRACT
Objective@#To evaluate the computed tomography (CT) features for diagnosing metastatic cervical lymph nodes (LNs) in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) and validate the CT-based risk stratification system suggested by the Korean Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (K-TIRADS) guidelines. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 463 LNs from 399 patients with DTC who underwent preoperative CT staging and ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration were included. The following CT features for each LN were evaluated absence of hilum, cystic changes, calcification, strong enhancement, and heterogeneous enhancement. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify independent CT features associated with metastatic LNs, and their diagnostic performances were evaluated. LNs were classified into probably benign, indeterminate, and suspicious categories according to the K-TIRADS and the modified LN classification proposed in our study. The diagnostic performance of both classification systems was compared using the exact McNemar and Kosinski tests. @*Results@#The absence of hilum (odds ratio [OR], 4.859; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.593–14.823; P = 0.005), strong enhancement (OR, 28.755; 95% CI, 12.719–65.007; P < 0.001), and cystic changes (OR, 46.157; 95% CI, 5.07–420.234; P = 0.001) were independently associated with metastatic LNs. All LNs showing calcification were diagnosed as metastases. Heterogeneous enhancement did not show a significant independent association with metastatic LNs. Strong enhancement, calcification, and cystic changes showed moderate to high specificity (70.1%–100%) and positive predictive value (PPV) (91.8%–100%). The absence of the hilum showed high sensitivity (97.8%) but low specificity (34.0%). The modified LN classification, which excluded heterogeneous enhancement from the K-TIRADS, demonstrated higher specificity (70.1% vs. 62.9%, P = 0.016) and PPV (92.5% vs. 90.9%, P = 0.011) than the K-TIRADS. @*Conclusion@#Excluding heterogeneous enhancement as a suspicious feature resulted in a higher specificity and PPV for diagnosing metastatic LNs than the K-TIRADS. Our research results may provide a basis for revising the LN classification in future guidelines.
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: English Journal: Korean Journal of Radiology Year: 2023 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: English Journal: Korean Journal of Radiology Year: 2023 Type: Article