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Clinical Significance of Minimal Residual Disease in Pediatric Patients with TCF3/PBX1+ B-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia / 中国实验血液学杂志
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1303-1308, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009985
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVE@#To explore the consistency of flow cytometry (FCM) method and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique in the detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) at different treatment stages in pediatric patients with TCF3/PBX1+ B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) and the correlations between the detection results and prognosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 64 newly diagnosed pediatric patients with TCF3/PBX1+ B-ALL admitted to the Department of Pediatrics of Peking University People's Hospital from January 2005 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. FCM and PCR methods were used to monitor the MRD level in bone marrow samples from 64 children during the same period of treatment on d33 and d90 respectively, and the detection results were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There were 37 males and 27 females in the 64 patients, with a median age of 8 years(range 0.8 to 16 years). The complete remission (CR) rate after the first cycle of induction chemotherapy was 98.4% (62/63), with overall CR rate of 100%. 12 patients experienced recurrence, with a median recurrence time of 16.9 (5.3-46.3) months. The median follow-up time of the 64 patients was 77.2 (1.0-184.8) months , and the 5-year overall survival (OS) rate and event-free survival (EFS) rate were 82.8%±4.7% and 75.0%±5.4%, respectively. On d90, the concordance rate of the MRD results from the two methods was 98.4%, and the related kappa value was 0.792 (P < 0.001), which were significantly higher than those on d33. After induction chemotherapy (d33), the 5-year EFS rate of MRD-FCM- group (79.3%±5.3%) was significantly better than that of MRD-FCM+ group (40.0%±21.9%) (P =0.028), there were no significant differences in the 5-year OS rate and EFS rate between MRD-PCR+ group and MRD-PCR- group, and the 5-year EFS rate of MRD-FCM-/PCR- group (85.4%±5.5%) was significantly better than that of MRD-FCM+/PCR+ group (40.0 %±21.9%) (P =0.026).@*CONCLUSION@#In children with TCF3/PBX1+ B-ALL, the MRD results detected by FCM and PCR methods show good consistency, especially in consolidation therapy period (d90). The MRD level at the end of induction therapy (d33) is an important factor affecting the long-term prognosis, especially the MRD results detected by FCM method, which is significantly associated with prognosis.
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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Prognosis / Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / Retrospective Studies / Burkitt Lymphoma / Neoplasm, Residual / Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors / Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / Clinical Relevance Limits: Adolescent / Child / Child, preschool / Female / Humans / Infant / Male Language: Chinese Journal: Journal of Experimental Hematology Year: 2023 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Prognosis / Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / Retrospective Studies / Burkitt Lymphoma / Neoplasm, Residual / Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors / Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / Clinical Relevance Limits: Adolescent / Child / Child, preschool / Female / Humans / Infant / Male Language: Chinese Journal: Journal of Experimental Hematology Year: 2023 Type: Article