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Prognostic factors of pediatric patients with Ph-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia / 中华血液学杂志
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 219-224, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011728
ABSTRACT

Objective:

To explore the clinical features and prognostic factors of Ph-positive and/or BCR-ABL positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL) in children.

Methods:

The clinical data of 68 Ph+ ALL children who were treated at Peking University People's Hospital from December 2006 to December 2016 was retrospectively reviewed. Survival analysis were estimated by Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate analysis was estimated by Log-rank test and Chi-square, and multivariate analysis was estimated by Cox proportional hazards regression model.

Results:

In the 68 cases, the proportion of male to female was 2.1∶1, with a median age of 8 (1-16) years, and the median overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) were 16.8 months and 13.5 months, respectively. The early response rate to treatment was 43.9%, with myeloid-antigens-expression group lower than the non-expression group (29.6% vs 61.3%, χ2=5.814, P=0.020); The complete remission (CR) rate after one-course induction therapy was 86.2% (56/65), with good-response group higher than the poor-response group (100.0% vs 74.2%, χ2=6.680, P=0.003);The CR rate after induction in patients receiving imatinib plus chemotherapy was higher than the patients receiving chemotherapy only (94.9% vs 73.1%, χ2=5.185, P=0.024). The 2-and 5-year OS were (61.4±7.0)% and (50.8±8.1)%, respectively. The 2-and 5-year DFS were (54.6±6.8)% and (48.6±7.3)%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that the initial WBC, LDH, spleen size, liver size, with-myeloid-antigens-expression, early response to treatment, MRD (BCR-ABL) after one-course induction, application of imatinib and different treatment options affected 2-year OS rate (all P<0.05). LDH, spleen size, liver size, with-myeloid-antigens-expression, early response to treatment, MRD (BCR-ABL) after one-course induction, application of imatinib and different treatment options affected 2-year DFS rate (all P<0.05). Multivariate prognostic analysis for OS (RR=45.7, 95% CI 1.4-1 528.2, P=0.033) and DFS (RR=52.3, 95% CI 1.6-1 725.9, P=0.026) showed that the spleen ≥ 3 cm was the independent risk factor.

Conclusions:

Pediatric Ph+ ALL is a special condition with unique clinical and biological features. The early response to treatment was poor in patients with myeloid-antigens-expression, which resulted in a low CR rate after one-course induction and the administration of imatinib can remarkably improve the CR rate. Initial spleen ≥ 3 cm is an independent prognostic factor. The efficacy of chemotherapy alone is poor, and imatinib combined with chemotherapy is applauded in the aim of improving outcomes.
Subject(s)

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Prognosis / Benzamides / Remission Induction / Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / Retrospective Studies / Treatment Outcome / Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma Limits: Adolescent / Child / Child, preschool / Female / Humans / Infant / Male Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Hematology Year: 2018 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Prognosis / Benzamides / Remission Induction / Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / Retrospective Studies / Treatment Outcome / Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma Limits: Adolescent / Child / Child, preschool / Female / Humans / Infant / Male Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Hematology Year: 2018 Type: Article