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Efficacy of Ultrasound-guided Contrast Enema on Meconium Plug Syndrome in Preterm Infants / 대한주산의학회잡지
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-128923
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT

PURPOSE:

This study aims to compare the effectiveness and safety of ultrasound-guided contrast enema comparing with exploratory laparotomy for meconium plug syndrome in preterm infants.

METHODS:

Fifty-three preterm infants who were diagnosed with meconium plug syndrome among the neonates admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of the Seoul National University Bundang Hospital from March 2008 to August 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. Four-teen infants among the 53 infants were excluded and Thirty-nine infants were analyzed. That time were divided into Period I and Period II. There was no pediatric radiologist and we couldn't try contrast enema in Period I. Pediatric radiologist was appointed and ultrasound guided contrast enema has been available in Period II.

RESULTS:

There were no specific differences of demographic characters between both Periods. Invasive procedure including contrast enema was increased in Period II than Period I (81% vs. 42%; P<0.05) and there were more exploratory laparotomy in Period I than in Period II (42% vs. 7%; P<0.05). Complications after treatment of meconium plug syndrome were more frequent in exploratory laparotomy groups than in ultrasound-guided contrast enema (57% vs. 0%; P<0.05) and total parenteral nutrition days were longer in laparotomy groups than in contrast enema groups (61±30 days vs. 31±13 days; P<0.05).

CONCLUSION:

We suggest that ultrasound-guided contrast enema with hyperosmolar water-soluble contrast is more therapeutic and safe therapy than exploratory laparotomy for meconium plug syndrome.
Subject(s)
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Humans / Infant, Newborn / Infant, Premature / Intensive Care, Neonatal / Retrospective Studies / Ultrasonography / Parenteral Nutrition, Total / Enema / Seoul / Infant Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: Korean Journal: Korean Journal of Perinatology Year: 2016 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Humans / Infant, Newborn / Infant, Premature / Intensive Care, Neonatal / Retrospective Studies / Ultrasonography / Parenteral Nutrition, Total / Enema / Seoul / Infant Country/Region as subject: Asia Language: Korean Journal: Korean Journal of Perinatology Year: 2016 Type: Article