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Gene Cloning, Expression and Immunogenicity of the Protective Antigen Subolesin in Dermacentor silvarum
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-14502
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
Subolesin (4D8), the ortholog of insect akirins, is a highly conserved protective antigen and thus has the potential for development of a broad-spectrum vaccine against ticks and mosquitoes. To date, no protective antigens have been characterized nor tested as candidate vaccines against Dermacentor silvarum bites and transmission of associated pathogens. In this study, we cloned the open reading frame (ORF) of D. silvarum 4D8 cDNA (Ds4D8), which consisted of 498 bp encoding 165 amino acid residues. The results of sequence alignments and phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that D. silvarum 4D8 (Ds4D8) is highly conserved showing more than 81% identity of amino acid sequences with those of other hard ticks. Additionally, Ds4D8 containing restriction sites was ligated into the pET-32(a+) expression vector and the recombinant plasmid was transformed into Escherichia coli rosetta. The recombinant Ds4D8 (rDs4D8) was induced by isopropyl beta-D-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) and purified using Ni affinity chromatography. The SDS-PAGE results showed that the molecular weight of rDs4D8 was 40 kDa, which was consistent with the expected molecular mass considering 22 kDa histidine-tagged thioredoxin (TRX) protein from the expression vector. Western blot results showed that rabbit anti-D. silvarum serum recognized the expressed rDs4D8, suggesting an immune response against rDs4D8. These results provided the basis for developing a candidate vaccine against D. silvarum ticks and transmission of associated pathogens.
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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Phylogeny / Recombinant Proteins / Humans / Molecular Sequence Data / Cluster Analysis / Gene Expression / Chromatography, Affinity / Cloning, Molecular / Sequence Homology, Amino Acid / Sequence Analysis, DNA Language: English Journal: The Korean Journal of Parasitology Year: 2014 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Phylogeny / Recombinant Proteins / Humans / Molecular Sequence Data / Cluster Analysis / Gene Expression / Chromatography, Affinity / Cloning, Molecular / Sequence Homology, Amino Acid / Sequence Analysis, DNA Language: English Journal: The Korean Journal of Parasitology Year: 2014 Type: Article