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Bilirubin protects grafts against nonspecific inflammation-induced injury in syngeneic intraportal islet transplantation
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-158014
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
Nonspecific inflammatory response is the major cause for failure of islet grafts at the early phase of intraportal islet transplantation (IPIT). Bilirubin, a natural product of heme catabolism, has displayed anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activities. The present study has demonstrated that bilirubin protected islet grafts by inhibiting nonspecific inflammatory response in a syngeneic rat model of IPIT. The inflammation-induced cell injury was mimicked by exposing cultured rat insulinoma INS-1 cells to cytokines (IL-1beta, TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma) in in vitro assays. At appropriate lower concentrations, bilirubin significantly attenuated the reduced cell viability and enhanced cell apoptosis induced by cytokines, and protected the insulin secretory function of INS-1 cells. Diabetic inbred male Lewis rats induced by streptozotocin underwent IPIT at different islet equivalents (IEQs) (optimal dose of 1000, and suboptimal doses of 750 or 500), and bilirubin was administered to the recipients every 12 h, starting from one day before transplantation until 5 days after transplantation. Administration of bilirubin improved glucose control and enhanced glucose tolerance in diabetic recipients, and reduced the serum levels of inflammatory mediators including IL-1beta, TNF-alpha, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and NO, and inhibited the infiltration of Kupffer cells into the islet grafts, and restored insulin-producing ability of transplanted islets.
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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Rats / Rats, Inbred Lew / Bilirubin / Male / Cytokines / Islets of Langerhans Transplantation / Islets of Langerhans / Apoptosis / Oxidative Stress / Inflammation Mediators Language: English Journal: Experimental & Molecular Medicine Year: 2010 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Rats / Rats, Inbred Lew / Bilirubin / Male / Cytokines / Islets of Langerhans Transplantation / Islets of Langerhans / Apoptosis / Oxidative Stress / Inflammation Mediators Language: English Journal: Experimental & Molecular Medicine Year: 2010 Type: Article