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Ischemic postconditioning attenuates pneumocyte apoptosis after lung ischemia/reperfusion injury via inactivation of p38 MAPK / 中国应用生理学杂志
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236333
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the role of p38 MAPK on ischemic postconditioning (IPO) attenuating pneumocyte apoptosis after lung ischemia/reperfusion injury (LIRI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty adult male SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups based upon the intervention (n = 8) control group (C), LIR group (I/R), LIR + IPO group (IPO), IPO + solution control group (D), IPO + SB203580 group (SB). Left lung tissue was isolated after the 2 hours of reperfusion, the ratio of wet lung weight to dry lung weight (W/D), and total lung water content (TLW) were measured. The histological structure of the left lung was observed under light and electron transmission microscopes, and scored by alveolar damage index of quantitative assessment (IQA). Apoptosis index (AI) of lung tissue was determined by terminal deoxynuleotidyl transferase mediated dUTP nick end and labeling (TUNEL) method. The mRNA expression and protein levels of and Bax were measured by RT-PCR and quantitative immunohistochemistry (IHC).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with C group, W/D, TLW, IQA, AI and the expression of Bax of I/R were significantly increased, the expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-2/Bax were significantly decreased (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), and was obviously morphological abnormality in lung tissue. Compared with I/R group, all the indexes of IPO except for the expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-2/ Bax were obviously reduced, the expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-2/Bax were increased (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). All the indexes between D and IPO were little or not significant( P > 0.05). The expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-2/Bax of SB were significantly increased and other indexes were reduced than those of IPO (P < 0.05, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>IPO may attenuate pneumocyte apoptosis in LIRI by inactivation of p38 MAPK, up-regulating expression of Bcl-2/Bax ratio.</p>
Subject(s)
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Pathology / Rats / Male / Reperfusion Injury / Rats, Sprague-Dawley / Apoptosis / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / Cell Biology / P38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / Disease Models, Animal Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology Year: 2014 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Pathology / Rats / Male / Reperfusion Injury / Rats, Sprague-Dawley / Apoptosis / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / Cell Biology / P38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / Disease Models, Animal Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology Year: 2014 Type: Article