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CYP2C8-derived epoxyeicosatrienoic acids decrease oxidative stress-induced endothelial apoptosis in development of atherosclerosis: Role of Nrf2 activation / 华中科技大学学报(医学)(英德文版)
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250365
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
The aim of the present study is to investigate how cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYP) 2C8-derived epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) regulate the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling pathway and protect against oxidative stress-induced endothelial injuries in the development and progression of atherosclerosis. In this study, cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were transfected with CYP2C8 or pretreated with exogenous EETs (1 μmol/L) before TNF-α (20 ng/mL) stimulation. Apoptosis and intracellular ROS production were determined by flow cytometry. The expression levels of ROS-associated NAD(P)H subunits gp91 and p47, the anti-oxidative enzyme catalase (CAT), Nrf2, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) were detected by Western blotting. The results showed that CYP2C8-derived EETs decreased apoptosis of HUVECs treated with TNF-α. Pretreatment with 11, 12-EET also significantly blocked TNF-α-induced ROS production. In addition, 11, 12-EET decreased oxidative stress-induced apoptosis. Furthermore, the ability of 11, 12-EET to protect cells against TNF-α-induced apoptosis via oxidative stress was abrogated by transient transfection with Nrf2-specific small interfering RNA (siRNA). In conclusion, CYP2C8-derived EETs prevented TNF-α-induced HUVECs apoptosis via inhibition of oxidative stress associated with the Nrf2 signaling.
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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Pathology / Pharmacology / Humans / Membrane Glycoproteins / Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases / Signal Transduction / Catalase / Gene Expression Regulation / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / Reactive Oxygen Species Language: English Journal: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) Year: 2015 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Pathology / Pharmacology / Humans / Membrane Glycoproteins / Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases / Signal Transduction / Catalase / Gene Expression Regulation / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / Reactive Oxygen Species Language: English Journal: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) Year: 2015 Type: Article