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Arachidonic acid epoxygenases and their metabolites promote angiogenesis / 中华心血管病杂志
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1122-1131, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-252999
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the angiogenetic effects of endogenous and exogenous epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EET) and the relevant signaling mechanisms involved.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC) were incubated with synthetic EETs or infected with recombinant adeno-associated viruses (rAAV) containing CYP2C11-CYPOR, CYP2J2 or CYP102 F87V mutant to increase endogenous expression levels of EETs. BAEC proliferation measured by cell counting and chromatometry, migration assessed by transwell analysis, and capillary formation determined by chicken embryo chorioallantoic membrane assays (CAM) and tube formation tests on matrigel and angiogenesis were analysed in vivo. The potential involvement of various signaling pathways were explored using selective inhibitors.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Transfection with rAAV-2C11OR, rAAV-2J2 or rAAV-F87V promoted BAEC proliferation, migration, and capillary tubule formation. However, the effects of EETs on proliferation, migration and capillary tubule formation were attenuated by inhibitors of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3 kinase)/Akt pathways, and partially attenuated by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) inhibitor, but not by a protein kinase C inhibitor. In a rat ischemic hind limb model, rAAV-mediated epoxygenase transfection induced angiogenesis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Arachidonic acid epoxygenase and its metabolites can promote angiogenesis through activating MAPK and PI3 kinase/Akt signaling pathways, and to some extent, the eNOS pathway, and the angiogenic effects may provide protection to ischemic tissues.</p>
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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Pharmacology / Rats / Humans / Male / Cattle / Transfection / Signal Transduction / Cells, Cultured / Chick Embryo / Rats, Wistar Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Cardiology Year: 2005 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Pharmacology / Rats / Humans / Male / Cattle / Transfection / Signal Transduction / Cells, Cultured / Chick Embryo / Rats, Wistar Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Cardiology Year: 2005 Type: Article