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Effect of oral intervention on matrix metalloproteinase-2, 9 expression in carotid arteries and serum interleukin-6 in rats with chronic periodontitis / 中华口腔医学杂志
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 554-559, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-260779
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish chronic periodontitis model in SD rats, and to investigate the effect of oral intervention on atherosclerosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty male SD rats were randomly divided into three groups, group A (normal control), group B (atherosclerosis,As) and group C (chronic periodontitis, CP). Group C was further divided into group C1 (natural process), group C2 (simple mechanical treatment), group C3 (systemic antibiotics), group C4-1 (teeth extraction) and group C4-2 (teeth extraction+systemic antibiotics), each group consisted of 7 rats. Every group received oral intervention. Serum interleukin (IL)- 6 levels were detected in five different time points (1, 3, 5, 7, 9 weeks after a successful modeling) by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. All animals were killed after 24 weeks. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)- 2, 9 in the proximal aorta was detected by immuno histochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The levels of serum IL-6 in groups B and C1 increased gradually with time and became significantly higher than that in group A (P < 0.01). Levels of serum IL-6 were increased gradually in each intervention group (C2, C3, C4-1, C4-2) and reached its peak at 5 weeks after modeling [C2(62.3 ± 14.3) ng/L, C3(58.2 ± 8.7) ng/L, C4-1(127.0 ± 29.9) ng/L, C4-2(120.6 ± 23.1) ng/L]. Compared with group B, group C4- 1 and C4- 2 increased most significantly (P < 0.01). Levels of serum IL- 6 decreased gradually. Eventually, group C2 [(28.6 ± 8.1) ng/L], C3 [(40.8 ± 15.1) ng/L] and C4-2 [(32.7 ± 11.1) ng/L] were significantly lower than group B (P < 0.05), and in group C2 IL- 6 was the lowest. Although levels of serum of IL-6 significantly decreased in group C4-1 [(72.8 ± 16.4) ng/L], but remained the highest. Immunohistochemistry showed that MMP-2, 9 were expressed in group B, C1 and C4-1, and significantly higher than in group A (183.0 ± 2.0, 181.3 ± 2.0), the gray value differences were statistically significant (P < 0.01). Group C4-1 (123.1 ± 2.9, 121.0 ± 3.2) was the strongest, group B (126.4 ± 2.0, 124.8 ± 2.8) and C1 (140.0 ± 2.2, 139.7 ± 3.2) were decreased (P < 0.01). While group C2(169.3 ± 3.4, 169.7 ± 2.3), C3 (149.0 ± 1.7, 145.1 ± 2.5) and C4-2 (157.7 ± 1.2, 155.8 ± 2.7) were significantly lower than group C1 (P < 0.01), and group C2 was close to normal.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Periodontitis could increase the risk of atherosclerosis in rats with chronic periodontitis. Periodontal mechanical treatment and teeth extraction may increase the risk of As in the short time. However, the risk would gradually reduce in a long time.</p>
Subject(s)
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Periodontitis / Pharmacology / Rats / Tooth Extraction / Male / Carotid Arteries / Interleukin-6 / Rats, Sprague-Dawley / Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Stomatology Year: 2014 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Periodontitis / Pharmacology / Rats / Tooth Extraction / Male / Carotid Arteries / Interleukin-6 / Rats, Sprague-Dawley / Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Stomatology Year: 2014 Type: Article