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Therapeutic effect of intravenous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell transplantation on early-stage LPS-induced acute lung injury in mice / 南方医科大学学报
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267615
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of intravenous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation for early intervention of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-six mice were randomized into control group, PBS-treated ALI group, and MSC-treated ALI group. In the latter two groups, mouse models of ALI were established by intranasal instillation of LPS, and 1 h later, the 4th passage of MSCs isolated from the bone marrow of mice or PBS were administered via the tail vein. The histological findings, lung wet/dry (W/D) weight ratio, neutrophil count and protein and cytokine contents in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) level in the lung tissue were analyzed at 24 h after MSC administration. Engraftment of MSCs in the recipient lung was determined by fluorescent PKH26 staining and flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, PBS-treated ALI group showed significantly higher protein levels, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and neutrophil count in the BALF and MPO content in the lung tissue, with also severe damage of lung histology. MSCs administration significantly reduced the lung W/D weight ratio, the levels of protein, TNF-α, IL-6 and neutrophil count in the BALF and MPO content in the lung tissue, and obviously lessened the lung injury 24 h after the transplantation. MSC administration also significantly increased the level of IL-10 in the BALF.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Intravenous MSC transplantation can effectively improve the lung histology, attenuate the inflammatory response, reduce pulmonary edema in the early stage of LPS-induced ALI in mice, and such effects are independent of MSC engraftment in the lungs.</p>
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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Therapeutics / Female / Male / Bone Marrow Cells / Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / Chemistry / Lipopolysaccharides / Cytokines / Peroxidase / Cell Biology Language: English Journal: Journal of Southern Medical University Year: 2012 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Therapeutics / Female / Male / Bone Marrow Cells / Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / Chemistry / Lipopolysaccharides / Cytokines / Peroxidase / Cell Biology Language: English Journal: Journal of Southern Medical University Year: 2012 Type: Article