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Enhancement of artemisinin biosynthesis in transgenic Artemisia annua L. by overexpressed HDR and ADS genes / 药学学报
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1346-1352, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299128
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
Artemisnin is a novel sesquiterpene lactone with an internal peroxide bridge structure, which is extracted from traditional Chinese herb Artemisia annua L. (Qinghao). Recommended by World Health Organization, artemisinin is the first-line drug in the treatment of encephalic and chloroquine-resistant malaria. In the present study, transgenic A. annua plants were developed by overexpressing the key enzymes involved in the biosynthetic pathway of artemisinin. Based on Agrobacterium-mediated transformation methods, transgenic plants of A. annua with overexpression of both HDR and ADS were obtained through hygromycin screening. The genomic PCR analysis confirmed six transgenic lines in which both HDR and ADS were integrated into genome. The gene expression analysis given by real-time quantitative PCR showed that all the transgenic lines had higher expression levels of HDR and ADS than the non-transgenic control (except ah3 in which the expression level of ADS showed no significant difference compared with control); and the HPLC analysis of artemisinin demonstrated that transgenic A. annua plants produced artemisinin at significantly higher level than non-transgenic plants. Especially, the highest content of artemisinin was found in transgenic line ah70, in which the artemisinin content was 3.48 times compared with that in non-transgenic lines. In summary, overexpression of HDR and ADS facilitated artemisinin biosynthesis and this method could be applied to develop transgenic plants of A. annua with higher yield of artemisinin.
Subject(s)
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Oxidoreductases / Plant Proteins / Plants, Medicinal / Drugs, Chinese Herbal / Plants, Genetically Modified / Artemisia annua / Artemisinins / Biosynthetic Pathways / Genetics / Mixed Function Oxygenases Language: Chinese Journal: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica Year: 2014 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Oxidoreductases / Plant Proteins / Plants, Medicinal / Drugs, Chinese Herbal / Plants, Genetically Modified / Artemisia annua / Artemisinins / Biosynthetic Pathways / Genetics / Mixed Function Oxygenases Language: Chinese Journal: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica Year: 2014 Type: Article