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In vitro and In vivo effects of six Coptidis alkaloids on liver microsomes UGTs and UGT1A1 activities in rats and mice / 中国中药杂志
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304855
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
In the present study, the effects of six Coptidis alkaloids (berberine, epiberberine, coptisine, jatrorrhizine, palmatine and magnoflorine) on liver microsomes UGTs and UGT1A1 activities in rats and mice were investigated in vitro and in vivo to study the mechanism of metabolic drug-drug interactions of Coptidis Rhizoma with other drugs. In vitro rat and mice liver microsomal incubation systems combined with UDPGA were applied, as well as mice liver microsomes after administration of six Coptidis alkaloids. 4-Nitrophenol and β-estradiol were selected as substrates to determine activities of UGTs and UGT1A1 by UV and HPLC, respectively. According to the in vitro rat study, berberine, epiberberine, coptisine and jatrorrhizine significantly inhibited rat liver microsome UGTs activity, particularly epiberberine showed the strongest inhibition. UGT1A1 activity was lowly inhibited by jatrorrhizine, with IC₅₀ at about 227 μmol•L⁻¹, whereas coptisine and magnoflorine significantly activated UGT1A1. According to the in vitro mice study, berberine, coptisine, jatrorrhizine and palmatine significantly inhibited mice liver microsome UGTs activity, and the six alkaloids all significantly activated UGT1A1. According to the in vivo mice study, UGTs activity was significantly activated only in berberine group, while UGT1A1 activity was significantly activated only in jatrorrhizine group. In conclusion, the effects of Coptidis alkaloids on UGT activity showed significant differences in species and between in vitro and in vivo. Meanwhile, the changes in structures of Coptidis alkaloids also have a big impact on UGT activity, which may be one of the causes for the drug-drug interactions between Coptidis Rhizoma and other drugs.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica Year: 2016 Type: Article
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica Year: 2016 Type: Article