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Effect of simvastatin on the expression of farnesoid X receptor in diabetic animal models of altered glucose homeostasis / 中华医学杂志(英文版)
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 218-224, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318009
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Statin therapy has affected glucose homoeostasis of type 2 diabetes patients, which could be related with bile acids metabolism. Whether bile acid metabolism and the expression of farnesoid X receptor (FXR), liver X receptor-α (LXR-α) and sterol regulatory element-binding protein (Srebp)-1c is regulated by hyperglycemia, or whether simvastatin therapy led to higher glucose is related with down-regulated expression of FXR in diabetic rats remained unclear.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups normal control rats, insulin resistance rats, diabetic model rats, and the late simvastatin induced diabetic rats. Normal control rats were fed with standard diet, others were fed with high-fat diet. Diabetic model rats were induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ). The late simvastatin induced diabetic rats started simvastatin administration after STZ induced diabetic model rats. Characteristics of fasting blood glucose (FPG), lipid files and total bile acids (TBAs) were measured and the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed after overnight fasting at the eighth weekend. RNA and protein levels of FXR, LXR-α and Srebp-1c were tested by Western blotting and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The insulin resistance rats showed higher glucose, lipid files and lower expression of FXR compared with normal control rats (P > 0.05). The diabetic model rats showed significantly higher glucose, lipid files, TBA and lower expression of FXR compared with insulin resistance rats (P < 0.05). The late simvastatin induced diabetic rats displayed higher glucose and TBA and lower expression of FXR compared with diabetic model rats (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Changes in bile acid homeostasis, including the alterations of bile acid levels and bile acid receptors, are either a cause or a consequence of the metabolic disturbances observed during diabetic models. Statin therapy induced hyperglycemia may be related with FXR, SHP, LXR-α and Srebp-1 pathways.</p>
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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Physiology / Rats / Blood Glucose / Male / Insulin Resistance / Rats, Wistar / Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / Simvastatin / Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction / Therapeutic Uses Language: English Journal: Chinese Medical Journal Year: 2014 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Physiology / Rats / Blood Glucose / Male / Insulin Resistance / Rats, Wistar / Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / Simvastatin / Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction / Therapeutic Uses Language: English Journal: Chinese Medical Journal Year: 2014 Type: Article