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Efficacy of pulmonary surfactant therapy in neonates with meconium aspiration syndrome: a meta-analysis / 中国当代儿科杂志
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320632
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The efficacy of pulmonary surfactant (PS) replacement therapy for meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) remains controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of PS therapy in neonates with MAS by a meta-analysis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the treatment of MAS with PS were searched electronically in medical debases including PubMed, Science Citation Index, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Ovid, EBSCOhost, BIOSIS previews, Chinese BioMedical Literature Database, Wanfang Database and VIP Chinese Sci-Tech Periodical Database. The Cochrane Handbook 5.0.2 was employed to evaluate methodological quality. RevMan 5.0.25 software was used for the meta-analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eight RCTs including 512 MAS neonates (257 cases in the PS treatment group and 255 cases in the control group) were enrolled in this meta-analysis. The meta-analysis showed that PS treatment reduced oxygenation index (MD=-2.59; 95%CI -4.33, -0.86; P=0.003), increased arterial oxygen/alveolar oxygen ratio (MD=0.05; 95%CI 0.05, 0.06; P<0.00001), shortened hospitalization days (MD=-4.94; 95%CI -7.44, -2.44; P=0.0001) and decreased mortality rate (OR=0.47; 95%CI 0.24, 0.93; P=0.03) significantly. There were no statistical differences in the durations of mechanical ventilation and oxygen therapy, and the incidences of air leak, pulmonary hemorrhage and intracranial hemorrhage between the PS treatment and control groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Currently published evidence from RCTs suggests that PS replacement therapy is effective for MAS, however because of the limited quantity and quality of trials enrolled in the study, further evidence from RCTs is needed to prove the efficacy.</p>
Subject(s)
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Pulmonary Surfactants / Female / Humans / Male / Infant, Newborn / Meconium Aspiration Syndrome / Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic / Mortality / Therapeutic Uses / Drug Therapy Type of study: Controlled clinical trial Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics Year: 2012 Type: Article
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Pulmonary Surfactants / Female / Humans / Male / Infant, Newborn / Meconium Aspiration Syndrome / Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic / Mortality / Therapeutic Uses / Drug Therapy Type of study: Controlled clinical trial Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics Year: 2012 Type: Article