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Clinical analysis of the recurrence of early stage bulky cervical carcinoma / 中华肿瘤杂志
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 378-381, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335275
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical characteristics, influencing factors and outcome of recurrent patients with early stage bulky cervical carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between January 1(st) 2000 and December 31(st) 2009, 76 patients with stage Ib2 and IIa2 bulky cervical carcinoma developed recurrence and (or) metastasis. The recurrence time, recurrence location, recurrence-related factors, treatment and survival were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median follow up was 44 months (9-137 months). The overall recurrence and (or) metastasis rate was 22.6%. The 1-, 1-2, 3-5 and 5-year recurrence and (or) metastasis rates were 38.2%, 27.6%, 30.3% and 3.9%, respectively. The 5-year survival rate of local recurrence was 34.5%, that of distant metastasis was 23.6%, and that of distant metastasis with synchronous pelvic recurrence was 11.1%, (P = 0.555). The 5-year survival rate of patients who received surgery plus chemotherapy, radiation plus chemotherapy and chemotherapy alone after recurrence and (or) metastasis were 53.3%, 30.7% and 24.6%, respectively (P = 0.686). Univariate analysis demonstrated that tumor recurrence and (or) metastasis in patients of the stage Ib2 and IIa2 bulky cervical carcinoma were influenced by the disease stage, pelvic lymph node metastasis, deep cervical stromal invasion, lymphovascular tumor thrombus and pathological types. Multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that pelvic lymph node metastasis, lymphovascular tumor thrombus and pathological types were the key factors affecting the recurrence and (or) metastases of the stage Ib2 and IIa2 bulky cervical carcinoma. Subgroup analysis showed that pelvic lymph node metastasis and stage were the main factors affecting the local recurrence in those patients, and the pathological type, vascular tumor thrombus and pelvic lymph node metastasis were the main factors affecting the distant metastasis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Recurrence and(or) metastasis of early stage bulky cervical cancer are mostly happened within 2 years post operation. Patients with pelvic lymph node metastasis have high probability to develop local recurrence and distant metastasis. Patients with non-squamous cell carcinoma and lymphovascular tumor thrombus are more likely to develop distant metastasis. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy does not decrease local recurrence and distant metastasis in patients with stage Ib2 and IIa2 bulky cervical carcinoma. Individualized treatment is advised for recurrent patients.</p>
Subject(s)
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Pathology / Pelvis / General Surgery / Therapeutics / Female / Humans / Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / Adenocarcinoma / Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / Multivariate Analysis Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Oncology Year: 2012 Type: Article
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Pathology / Pelvis / General Surgery / Therapeutics / Female / Humans / Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / Adenocarcinoma / Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / Multivariate Analysis Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Oncology Year: 2012 Type: Article