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Effects of glutamine enriched enteral feeding on immunoregulation in burn patients / 中华烧伤杂志
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 406-408, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347666
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of glutamine enriched enteral feeding on immunoregulation in burn patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty burn patients were randomly divided into enteral nutrition (EN) group and enteral immune nutrition (EIN) group, with 12 patients in each group. Patients in EN group received a standard enteral formula, while those in EIN group received an enteral formula enriched with glutamine after hospital admission. Nutritional support was continued for 10 days. Blood samples were obtained to determine plasma level of total protein (TP), albumin (ALB), prealbumin (PAB) and transferrin (TF) at 1, 4, 7, 10 post-burn days (PBD). At the same time the concentration of immunoglobulin (IgA, IgG and IgM) were determined, the percentage of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ subpopulations of T lymphocytes, and the ratio of CD4+/CD8+ were determined by FCM.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) There were no obvious difference of the plasma level of TP, ALB, TF, CD3+, IgM between the two groups at each time-point (P > 0.05). (2) The plasma PAB contents in EIN group were significant higher than that in EN group on 4 PBD [(90 +/- 14 vs 60 +/- 15) mg/L, P < 0.05], 7 PBD [(92 +/- 16 vs 64 +/- 13) mg/L, P < 0.05] and 10 PBD [(106 +/- 21 vs 72 +/-16) mg/L, P < 0.05]. (3) The percentage of CD4+ subpopulation and ratio of CD4+/CD8+ in EIN group were obviously higher than those in EN group on 7 PBD [CD4+ (55 +/- 5 vs 45 +/- 5)%, CD4+/CD8+ (1.92 +/- 0.31 vs 1.53 +/- 0.27)%, P < 0.05] and 10 PBD [CD4+ (56 +/- 5 vs 49 +/- 5)%, CD4+/CD8+ (2.36 +/- 0.36 vs 1.72 +/- 0.42), P < 0.05]. (4) The concentration of IgA and IgG in EIN group were markedly higher than that in EN group on 7 PBD [IgA (2.8 +/- 0.6 vs 2.2 +/- 0.5) g/L, IgG (12.1 +/- 1.3 vs 9.8 +/- 1.2) g/L, P < 0.05] and 10 PBD [IgA (3.1 +/- 0.6 vs 2.5 +/- 0.5) g/L, IgG (14.2 +/- 1.3 vs 10.4 +/- 1.3) g/L, P < 0.05].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These findings suggest that glutamine enriched enteral feeding can improve nutritional status by promoting the synthesis of IgA, IgG, and increasing the PAB concentration, and corrected immunologic dysfunction in burn patients.</p>
Subject(s)
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Therapeutics / Blood / Burns / Female / Humans / Male / Immunoglobulin A / Immunoglobulin G / Prealbumin / T-Lymphocyte Subsets Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Burns Year: 2007 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Therapeutics / Blood / Burns / Female / Humans / Male / Immunoglobulin A / Immunoglobulin G / Prealbumin / T-Lymphocyte Subsets Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Burns Year: 2007 Type: Article