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Assessment of Arterial Wall Enhancement for Differentiation of Parent Artery Disease from Small Artery Disease: Comparison between Histogram Analysis and Visual Analysis on 3-Dimensional Contrast-Enhanced T1-Weighted Turbo Spin Echo MR Images at 3T
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36759
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study was to compare the histogram analysis and visual scores in 3T MRI assessment of middle cerebral arterial wall enhancement in patients with acute stroke, for the differentiation of parent artery disease (PAD) from small artery disease (SAD). MATERIALS AND

METHODS:

Among the 82 consecutive patients in a tertiary hospital for one year, 25 patients with acute infarcts in middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory were included in this study including 15 patients with PAD and 10 patients with SAD. Three-dimensional contrast-enhanced T1-weighted turbo spin echo MR images with black-blood preparation at 3T were analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. The degree of MCA stenosis, and visual and histogram assessments on MCA wall enhancement were evaluated. A statistical analysis was performed to compare diagnostic accuracy between qualitative and quantitative metrics.

RESULTS:

The degree of stenosis, visual enhancement score, geometric mean (GM), and the 90th percentile (90P) value from the histogram analysis were significantly higher in PAD than in SAD (p = 0.006 for stenosis, < 0.001 for others). The receiver operating characteristic curve area of GM and 90P were 1 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.86–1.00).

CONCLUSION:

A histogram analysis of a relevant arterial wall enhancement allows differentiation between PAD and SAD in patients with acute stroke within the MCA territory.
Subject(s)

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Parents / Arteries / Humans / Magnetic Resonance Imaging / ROC Curve / Constriction, Pathologic / Middle Cerebral Artery / Stroke / Tertiary Care Centers Language: English Journal: Korean Journal of Radiology Year: 2017 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Parents / Arteries / Humans / Magnetic Resonance Imaging / ROC Curve / Constriction, Pathologic / Middle Cerebral Artery / Stroke / Tertiary Care Centers Language: English Journal: Korean Journal of Radiology Year: 2017 Type: Article