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Expression and significance of CDK4,p18,p19 in canceration of esophageal epithelium / 肿瘤研究与临床
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 243-246, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413379
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
Objective To investigate the role of cell cycle regulatory protein CDK4,p18,p19 in the genesis and development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).Methods Tissue microarray and immunohistochemical method (Envision) were used to detect the protein expression of CDK4,p18,p19 in 120 cases of esophageal tissues.The results were statistically analyzed.Results The positive rate of CDK4 protein expression in normal esophageal epithelium was low [28.3 % (34/120)],it increased in esophageal intraepithelial neoplasia [32.5 % (39/120)],and it was high in esophageal SCC [84.2 % (101/120)],which increased with the degree of SCC differentiation decreasing gradually.There was significant differences between the SCC and normal esophageal epithelium or esophageal intraepithelial neoplasia (x2= 76.004,P <0.05; x 2= 65.897,P < 0.05).The expression of CDK4 in group with lymphatic metastasis [93.88 % (46/49)]was higher than without it [71.43 % (55/71)] (x2= 5.860,P < 0.05).The positive rates of p18,p19 protein expression in normal esophageal epithelium were high [34.2 % (41/120),29.2 % (35/120)],it decreased in esophageal intraepithelial neoplasia [19.2 % (23/120),15.0 % (1 8/120)] (x 2= 134.481,P < 0.05; x 2 = 141.376,P < 0.05),but it were high in esophageal SCC [63.3 % (76/120) and 61.7 % (74/120)] which decreased with the degree of SCC differentiation gradually increased.There were significant differences between the normal esophageal epithelium and esophageal intraepithelial neoplasia,esophegeal intraepithelial neoplasia and SCC,normal esophageal epithelium and SCC (p 18x 2 = 6.903,48.296,20.429,P < 0.05; p1 9x2 = 6.998,55.276,25.565,P< 0.05).CDK4 protein expression was correlated with both p18 and p19 (r =0.696,0.630,P <0.05),and there was significant positive correlation between the protein expression of p18 and p19 (r =0.833,P <0.05).Conclusion Cell cycle regulatory gene CDK4,p18,p19 get involved in the genesis and development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.Their protein expressions are closely related to canceration of esophageal epithelium.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Cancer Research and Clinic Year: 2011 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Cancer Research and Clinic Year: 2011 Type: Article