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Spontaneous activities in Alzheimer' s disease explored by resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging / 中华神经科杂志
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 297-301, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428742
ABSTRACT
ObjectiveTo investigate the characteristics of spontaneous activities throughout the whole brain with Alzheimer's disease (AD) by resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging ( fMRI ).Methods The subjects included 23 AD patients and 21 normal controls (NC),who underwent a neuropsychological test battery including MMSE and Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT) and restingstate fMRI using GE Signa 3.0 T MR scanner.The neuropsychological scores were compared between two groups.Regional homogeneity (ReHo) method was used to explore the different regional spontaneous activities throughout the brain between normal controls and patients with AD.Results In AD group,clinical variables (MMSE scores20 ±4,AVLT-Immediate Recall2.6 ± 1.6,AVLT-Delay Recall0.4 ±0.7,AVLT-Recognition5.8 ± 3.7 ) were lower than NC group( 29 ± 1,5.9 ± 1.2,5.5 ± 2.0,9.2 ± 1.1,T =10.58,7.21,10.99,3.96,all P < 0.01 ).With the threshold of P < 0.01 for each voxel and a cluster size of at least 100 voxels,decreased ReHo indexes were found in default mode network (DMN) including the medial prefrontal cortex,posterior cingulate gyrus/precuneus,right superior temporal gyrus and bilateral superior parietal lobule/inferior parietal lobule in AD,while increased ReHo indexes were found in left putamen and thalamus compared with controls.ConclusionThe DMN are damaged in AD and spontaneous activities of putamen and thalamus are reinforced as compensation response of subcortical structures.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Neurology Year: 2012 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Neurology Year: 2012 Type: Article