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Clinical Features of Spinal Muscular Atrophy TypeⅡ:53 Cases Report / 中国康复理论与实践
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435584
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
Objective To investigate the clinical features of spinal muscular atrophy typeⅡ. Methods The data of clinical manifesta-tion, laboratory data, onset, diagnosis, and rehabilitation of 53 outpatients suffering from spinal muscular atrophy typeⅡ(SMA-Ⅱ) were analyzed. Results Among 53 patients with SMA-Ⅱconfirmed by molecular genetic tests, 27 patients were male while 26 were female. The mean age was 3.35 years (ranged 0.75~7.8 years), and the age receiving gene diagnosis was 17.27 months. Only 15%had a family history, and abnormalities were found in 23%patients' mothers during pregnancy. 83.4%of them had water choke cough, while 87%expectoration weakness. None of them had cough assist machines and had regular spirometry monitoring. 53%of the patients took semi-liquid diet, how-ever, none of them used stomach tube. Symmetrical flaccid paralysis was so remarkable, even muscle strength of lower limbs in 87.7%of these patients were only grades 1-2. 92%had scoliosis, while 83%had tendon contracture. EMG showed extensive neurogenic changes. All children did not accept normal pre-school education, and 85%patients did not accept formal rehabilitation. Conclusion Most of phenotype of SMA-Ⅱfor the children was similar and more severe in China. Most of the patient didn't get formal education, rehabilitation and care.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice Year: 2013 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice Year: 2013 Type: Article