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The influence of atrial fibrillation on prognosis after mitral valve surgery in rheumatic mitral valve stenosis and mitral valve prolapse patients / 中华胸心血管外科杂志
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447187
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
Objective Atrial structure remodeling is the important pathologic basis of generate and development in chronic atrial fibrillation(AF) of valvular heart disease.To analyze the changed feature of AF in rheumatic mitral valve stenosis (MS) and mitral valve prolapse(MVP) after mitral valve surgery,along with fundamental change of hemodynamics in left atrial.Methods Firstly,divided into sinus rhythm (SR) group and AF group according to cardiac rhythm postoperative 6 months,and then divided into MS and MVP two subgroups with age matched,namely rheumatic sinus rhythm group (RS group),MVP sinus rhythm group(PS group),rheumatic AF group(RAF group) and MVP AF group(PAF group),30 patients in each group.Independent sample t test andx2 test were used in comparison among groups,and matched t test in preoperative and postoperative comparison of each group.Results There are 15 (50%) AF patients before surgery and 10 (33.3%) AF patients postoperative 1 month in RS group.But cardiac rhythm of MVP patients has no significant change.Left atrial diameter(LAD) in AF group was larger than in SR group significantly preoperative and postoperative 1 month and 6 months(P < 0.05),and LAD have no significant difference between RAF and PAF group,P > 0.05 ; LAD in RS group preoperative and postoperative 1 month was larger than in PS group(P =0.008 and 0.018,respectively),but there is no significant difference between RS and PS groups postoperative 6 months(P =0.558).Systolic peak velocity(Smm) at valve ring with PWTDI were(6.0 ± 1.4) cm/s,(6.7 ± 1.8) cm/s and (6.2 ± 1.6) cm/s preoperative and postoperative 1 month and 6 months,lower than normal range obviously; Smm before surgery in PAF group was(9.3 ± 3.7)cm/s,but reduced obviously after surgery 1 month and 6 months and near the level of rheumatic patients.Conclusion Generate and development mechanism of AF in MS and MVP patients exist some extent difference,the rhythm of partial MS patients with chronic AF will turn to and maintain sinus rhythm along with LAD decreased,there is no this characteristic in MVP patients.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Year: 2014 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Year: 2014 Type: Article