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Responses of monocytes to TLR ligands during primary HIV-1 infection / 中华微生物学和免疫学杂志
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 354-358, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451354
ABSTRACT
Objective To investigate the maturation status of monocytes and their responses to the stimulation of toll like receptor (TLR) ligands during primary HIV-1 infection, and to further understand the correlation between functional status of monocytes and disease progression during primary HIV -1 infection. Methods Peripheral blood mononuclear cells ( PBMCs) were collected from 35 subjects with primary HIV-1 infection and 13 HIV-negative healthy subjects to isolate monocytes .Monocytes were stimulated with LPS and Pam3CSK4, respectively, and cultured for 20 hours.The expression of activaion/inhibitory markers on monocytes were analyzed by flow cytometry before and after stimulation .The secretion of proinflammatory cy-tokines ( IL-1β, TNF-αand IL-6) by stimulated monocytes were detected by ELISA .Results The expres-sion of activation markers CD80, CD86, CD40 and inhibitory marker PD-L1 on monocytes were increased in subjects with primary HIV-1 infection (P<0.001 except for CD86 P=0.01).The level of CD40 was posi-tively correlated with viral load in plasma (P<0.001, R=0.553).Compared with control group, primary HIV-1 infection group showed a less increase in the expression of HLA-DR, CD80, CD86 and PD-L1 on monocytes after stimulation with LPS and Pam3CSK4 (P<0.001), but the secretion of proinflammatory cyto-kines TNF-α(LPSP=0.004, Pam3CSK4P=0.012) and IL-6 (LPSP=0.006) were enhanced in mono-cytes from patients with primary HIV-1 infection.Conclusion Monocytes were activated during primary HIV-1 infection.They secreted higher level of proinflammatory cytokines after stimulation with TLR ligands , indicating monocytes might play a role in microbial translocation and immune activation during HIV -1 infection .

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology Year: 2014 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology Year: 2014 Type: Article