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Surveillance of bacterial drug resistance in First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University during 2013 / 国际检验医学杂志
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451927
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
Objective To investigate the distribution and drug resistance of clinical common isolated bacteria from our hospital in 2013.Methods The antimicrobial susceptibility testing was carried out by using the automated systems with the MIC method and Kirby-Bauer method.The WHONET 5.6 software was adopted to conduct the data analysis according to the CLSI standard in 2013 version.Results A total of 4 168 strains of bacteria were clinically isolated in 2013,in which Gram-positive bacterial strains ac-counted for 21 .8%(907/4 168)and Gram-negative bacterial strains for 78.2%(3 261/4 168).The prevalence of methicillin-resist-ant strains in S.aureus and coagulase negative staphylococcus was 48.7% and 80.9% respectively.No staphylococcal strain with resistant and intermediate to vancomycin and linezolid was found.Penicillin-resistant S.pneumonia strain was not found.And 1 strain of vancomycin- resistant E.faecium was found.The prevalence of ESBLs - producing strains was 58.8% in E.coli and 35.8% in K.pneumonia.Non-fermentative bacilli accounted for 37.5% in all bacterial isolates.The percentage of P.aeruginosa re-sistant to imipenem and meropenem was 19.3% and 14.2% respectively,the percentage of A.baumannii resistant to imipenem and meropenem was 68.9% and 67.0% respectively.Conclusion The isolation rate of non-fermentative bacilli is increased,the drug re-sistance rate of P.aeruginosa and A.baumannii is declined than that in 2012.Strengthening the surveillance of bacterial drug resist-ance in hospital has important significance for guiding rational selection of antimicrobial agents in clinic.
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Type of study: Screening study Language: Chinese Journal: International Journal of Laboratory Medicine Year: 2014 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Type of study: Screening study Language: Chinese Journal: International Journal of Laboratory Medicine Year: 2014 Type: Article