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Effects of targeted treatment of the carboplatin-Fe@C nanocage-loaded chitosan nanoparticles on rats with transplanted liver cancer / 肿瘤研究与临床
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 433-436, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453693
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
Objective To investigate the effects of targeted treatment of the carboplatin-Fe@C nanocage-loaded chitosan nanoparticles (C-Fe@CN-CN) combining external magnetic field on rats with transplanted liver cancer.Methods Twenty-four model rats with transplanted liver cancer were established and divided into four groups randomly (n =6).Abdominal exposure was carried out through a midline incision,and a cannula was inserted into the hepatic artery and fixed.Group Asaline water was injected as control,group Bsaline water with 10 mg/kg free carboplatin was given,group Csaline water with C-Fe@CN-CN (equivalent dose of free carboplatin 10 mg/kg) was injected in absence of magnetic field,group Dsaline water with C-Fe@CN-CN (equivalent dose of free carboplatin 10 mg/kg) was injected in presence of magnetic field for 30 min.All the animals were sacrificed and abdominal exposure was done again after 7 days.After tumors were reselcted,tumor weight and volume was measured,the inhibiting rate of tumor weight was calculated.Tumor and liver tissues were examined for histological changes.Results The growth of tumor was significantly inhibited after therapy with different forms of carboplatin.There was significant difference in the tumor weight of A,B,C,D groups [(0.85±0.12) g,(0.61±0.10) g,(0.48±0.09) g,(0.33±0.06) g,P < 0.05,respectively].The inhibiting rates of tumor weight of B,C,D groups were 28.9 %,43.4 %,61.7 % respectively.The inhibiting rate of D group was highest which was 1.1 times higher than that of B group.There was also significant difference in the tumor volume of A,B,C,D groups [(1.06±0.24) cm3,(0.72±0.10) cm3,(0.50±0.07) cm3,(0.28±0.05) cm3,P < 0.05,respectively].The tumor volume of group A was largest which was 2.8 times larger than that of group D.In group D,tumor tissues from six rats presented severe necrosis,and nanoparticles were concentrated in the necrotic tissue.In group C,five rats presented middle necrosis,one rats presented severe necrosis.There was no concentration of nanoparticles in the necrotic tissue.In group B,four rats presented middle necrosis,two rats presented mild necrosis.In group A,six rats presented mild necrosis.Conclusion C-Fe@CN-C can significantly increase the therapeutic effects of carboplatin by hepatic artery injection combining with an external magnetic field on the tumor.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Cancer Research and Clinic Year: 2014 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Cancer Research and Clinic Year: 2014 Type: Article