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High-risk primary disease and medical factors of ventilator-associated pneumonia in neonates: A Meta-analysis / 中国实用护理杂志
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466859
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
Objective To provide the evidences for the management strategies of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in neonates,we systematically reviewed all related studies and analyzed the high-risk primary disease and medical factors of VAP in neonates.Methods We retrieved all related studies in CNKI,Wanfang,VIP,CBM,Pubmed and Embase and evaluated their quality by Newcastle-Ottawa Scale and analyzed all data by qualitative and Meta-analysis.Results There were 12 case-control studies with higher methodological quality and involving 1 994 neonates and with 708 VAP patients.Six studies involving 872 neonates were included,the odds ratio of respiratory distress syndrome(OR=2.81) and malnutrition(OR=5.18) had significant differences between VAP and non-VAP group.Seven studies involving 1 110 neonates were included and the odds ratio of patients with corticosteroids (OR=3.12),central inhibitors (OR=2.31),antacids (OR=4.35) and Gamma globulin with large doses (OR=2.35) had significant differences between VAP group and non VAP.Four studies involving 554 neonates were included and the odds ratio of patients with closed chest drainage (OR=1.81)and umbilical vein catheterization (OR=9.19) had significant differences between VAP group and non VAP.Six studies involving 1 139 neonates were included and the odds ratio of patients with parenteral nutrition (OR=1.82)and blood transfusions (OR=2.49) had significant differences between VAP group and non VAP.Conclusions Our study confirms that the respiratory distress syndrome and malnutrition corticosteroids,central inhibitors,antacids,Gamma globulin with large doses,closed chest drainage,umbilical vein catheterization,parenteral nutrition and blood transfusions are important risk and early-warning factors.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Type of study: Systematic reviews Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing Year: 2015 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Type of study: Systematic reviews Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing Year: 2015 Type: Article