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Expression of neurokinin receptors and the effect of their antago-nists on human breast cancer / 中国肿瘤临床
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484001
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT

Objective:

To determine the expression of the full-length (NK1R-FL) and truncated (NK1R-Tr) neurokinin-1 receptor (NK1R) and the neurokinin-2 receptor (NK2R) in breast cancer tissues and cell lines, as well as to study the effects of the NK1R and NK2R antagonists on the growth of breast cancer cells.

Methods:

Immunohistochemistry and Western blot assays were used to detect NK1R, NK1R-FL, and NK2R expression in clinical samples of primary breast cancer tissue, benign lesions, and normal breast tissue, as well as in different breast cancer cell lines. Cell proliferation and soft agar growth tests were performed on cells treated with the NK1R and NK2R antagonists to study the ectopic overexpression of NK1R-FL and NK1R-Tr in breast cancer cell lines.

Results:

Total NK1R expression was detected in the breast cancer tissues, benign lesions, and normal breast tissues. Compared with the normal breast epithe-lia and benign breast lesions, the expression levels of NK1R-FL and NK2R decreased in the carcinoma. These changes were also relat-ed to the carcinoma type, histological grade, lymph node metastasis, HER2 and Ki-67 expression, and estrogen and progesterone recep-tors in breast cancer. The expression levels of NK1R-FL and NK2R were high in the HBL-100 breast cell lines of para-neoplastic tis-sues, but NK1R-Tr expression was low. The MDA-MB-231, T-47D, and MCF-7 cells only expressed NK1R-Tr. NK1R-Tr or NK1R-FL overexpression caused the decreased inhibition rate or increased levels of the NK1R and NK2R antagonists in the breast cancer cells.

Conclusion:

NK1R-FL and NK2R are co-expressed in normal cells. NK1R-Tr is highly expressed in breast cancer cells and exerts nega-tive feedback to regulate NK1R-FL and NK2R expression in all cells, especially cancer cells.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology Year: 2015 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology Year: 2015 Type: Article