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A clinical study of Maxing-Shigan decoction combined with salmeterol/fluticasone inhalation for acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease / 国际中医中药杂志
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485818
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
Objective To evaluate the therapeutic effect of Maxing-Shigan decoction combined with salmeterol/fluticasone inhalation for acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods A total of 86 patients with acute exacerbation of COPD were enrolled and randomly divided into a salmeterol/fluticasone group (41 patients) and a combined treatment group (45 patients). The salmeterol/fluticasone group was treated by salmeterol/fluticasone inhalation, and the combined treatment group by Maxing-Shigan decoction combined with salmeterol/fluticasone inhalation. Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) was detected by a immunonephelometric assay, and Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) in hemocytes was detected by flow cytometry. The score of the syndromes in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), such as cough, sputum, gasping and shortness of breath, as well as pulmonary function and therapeutic effect were evaluateds. Results After the treatment, the serum C-reactive protein in the combined treatment group was significantly lower than that in the salmeterol/fluticasone group (4.3 ± 1.2 mg/L vs. 8.4 ± 2.5 mg/L;t=5.417, P<0.01), and the TLR9 expression was significantly higher (1.9 ± 0.7 vs. 1.6 ± 0.4;t=3.418, P<0.05). The scores of the syndromes in TCM, such as cough (1.7 ± 0.6 vs. 3.8 ± 1.1;t=2.859, P<0.05), sputum (1.6 ± 0.4 vs. 3.9 ± 1.2;t=3.027, P<0.05), gasping (1.2 ± 0.5 vs. 3.4 ± 1.3;t=3.416, P<0.05) and shortness of breath (1.5 ± 0.7 vs. 3.7 ± 1.6;t=3.468, P<0.05) in the combined treatment group were significantly lower than those in the salmeterol/fluticasone group. The forced expiratory volume in first second (75.4 ± 5.8 L vs. 62.8 ± 6.9 L;t=3.526, P<0.05) and the percentage of forced expiratory volume in first second to forced vital capacity (85.7%± 10.3%vs. 71.9%± 15.4%;t=5.648, P<0.01) in the combined treatment group were significantly higher than those in the salmeterol/fluticasone group. The time to symptoms alleviated (3.4 ± 0.7 d vs. 5.6 ± 1.2 d; t=3.256, P<0.05) and the use dose was (1.8 ± 0.2) ×103μg vs. (5.3 ± 0.4)×103μg, and use times of salmeterol/fluticasone (7.4 ± 1.3 vs. 16.5 ± 3.4;t=4.574, P<0.05) in the combined treatment group were significantly decreased than those in the salmeterol/fluticasone group. The total effective rate in in the combined treatment group were significantly decreased than those in the salmeterol/fluticasone group (84.4% vs. 73.2%; χ2=4.519, P<0.05). Conclusion Maxing-Shigan decoction combined with salmeterol/fluticasone inhalation can improve the pulmonary function in patients with acute exacerbation of COPD, its effiency is suppior to salmeterol/fluticasone inhalation alone.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine Year: 2016 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine Year: 2016 Type: Article