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Artificial valve ring implantation and Cox Maze IIIprocedure in treatment of degenerative mitral annulus dilatation complicated by atrial fibrillation / 中国组织工程研究
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491702
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

For patients with degenerative mitral annulus dilatation complicated by atrial fibrilation, atrial fibrilation is needed to be treated concomitant with artificial valve ring implantation. Although Cox maze III procedure is the gold standard for treatment of atrial fibrilation, its safety has been questioned.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the safety of artificial valve rings implantation and Cox Maze III procedure for treatment of degenerative mitral annulus dilatation complicated by atrial fibrilation.

METHODS:

A total of 43 patients with degenerative mitral annulus dilatation and atrial fibrilation were enroled and were randomly divided into test group (n=21) and control group (n=22). Patients in the test group were treated with mitral valvuloplasty and Cox Maze III procedure. Patients in the control group were only treated with mitral valvuloplasty. RESULTS AND

CONCLUSION:

(1) Intraoperative safety indexes the durations of cardiopulmonary bypass and aortic clamping. and the incidence of hemoglobinuria in the test group were higher than those in the control group (P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in the urine output between these two groups. (2) Postoperative safety indexes the incidence of atrial dysrhythmia (i.e., any atrial dysrhythmia other than atrial fibrilation), proportion of patients requiring a temporary pacemaker and hospital stays in the test group were higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the secondary-thoracotomy bleeding rate and incidence of stroke between these two groups. (3) Postoperative

outcomes:

the rates of cardioversion to achieve sinus rhythm at the day of surgery and at discharge in the test group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.001). At discharge, patients in both groups were al at NYHA functional class Ior II. Echocardiography showed trace to mild mitral regurgitation and complete closure of the tricuspid valve. There were no significant differences in the left atrial diameter, left ventricular diameter, left ventricular volume, and ejection fraction between these two groups. However, the proportions of mitral and tricuspid valve peak A-waves were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.001). These results show that artificial valve ring implantation and Cox Maze III procedure is a safe and effective method for treating degenerative mitral annulus dilatation complicated by atrial fibrilation during operation.
Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research Year: 2015 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research Year: 2015 Type: Article