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The clinical effectiveness of detrusor combined triangle injection of Botulinum toxin type A plus hydrodistention in treating interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome / 中华泌尿外科杂志
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 604-610, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610928
Responsible library: WPRO
ABSTRACT
Objective To evaluate the effectiveness and security of Botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) in treating interstitial cystitis /bladder pain syndrome,and also the effect of different site injection.Methods Sixty-nine consecutive BPS/IC patients from October 2011 to February 2016 were divided into three groups randomly,including control group (group A) and treatment group (group B and group C).There were 5 males and 64 females,with age from 23 to 66 years old (average 44.5 years old).Twentythree patients (1 male and 22 females,aged from 23 to 69 years old,with mean age of 44.6 years old) in control group (group A) underwent hydrodistention.Twenty-four patients (2 males and 22 females,aged from 27 to 65 years old,with mean age of 42.8 years old) in group B underwent BTX-A detrusor combined triangle injection plus hydrodistention.Twenty-two patients (2 males and 20 females,aged from 30 to 68 years old,with mean age of 44.3 years old) in group C underwent BTX-A triangle injection alone plus hydrodistention.The parameters such as daytime frequency,nocturia,visual analogue scale/score (VAS),functional cystemetric volume (FCV),post-void residual volume (PVR),QOL score,maximal bladder capacity (MBC),interstitial cystitis symtom index (ICSI),interstitial cystitisproblem index (ICPI),Qmax,and Hamilton anxiey scale (HAMA) score between pre-treatment and 1,3,6 and 9 months after therapy in the three groups were compared.Results There were no serious complications observed in the three groups.All parameters 1 month after therapy were obviously superior to that of pretreatment.The efficacy in control group decreased significantly 3 months after treatment except nocturia (3.0 vs.5.0),daytime frequency(7.0 vs.14.0)and Q (14.0 ml/s vs.13.0 ml/s).However,all parameters in research groups except PVR were still obviously superior to pretherapy.The parameters except Q and nocturia in group B had statistically significant difference from contemporaneous group A (all P < 0.05).However,the parameters except Q nocturia and somatic anxiety score in group C had statistically significant difference from contemporaneous group A (all P < 0.05).VAS (2.0 vs.3.0) and somatic anxiety score (6.0 vs.10.0) in group B were superior to group C (all P < 0.05).When it came to 6 months after therapy,urinary frequence and urgency and pain symptoms were the same to pretherapy and all parameters had no statistically significant difference between pretherapy and after therapy in group A(all P > 0.05).But all parameters except PVR in research group was still superior to pretherapy.the parameters except PVR,Q and QOL in group B had statistically significant difference from contemporaneous group A (all P < 0.05).However,The parameters except PVR,Q MBC,ICSI and QOL in group C had statistically significant difference from contemporaneous group A (all P < 0.05).Meanwhile,efficacy in group B was better than group C in term of ICPI (6.0 vs.8.0) and somatic anxiety score (7.0 vs.10.0) (all P < 0.05).The efficacy decreased significantly 9 months after treatment in both group B and C,with no statistically significant difference compared with that of pretreatment.ICSI(10.0 vs.13.0),ICPI(9.0 vs.13.0),QOL(5.0 vs.6.0)in group B,and QOL(5.0 vs.6.0)in group C had statistically significant difference compared with the contemporary parameters in group A.ICSI(10.0 vs.12.0),MBC(285.0 ml vs.237.5 ml) in group B was better than that in group C (P < 0.05).Conclusions Symptoms in IC/BPS patients can be alleviated significantly by detrusor BTX-A injection plus hydrodistention.Quality of life can be improved remarkably and HAMA scores can be reduced significantly after treatment.Thus,it's an effective therapeutic mnethod for IC/BPS,and detrusor combined triangle injection can provide a better effect than single triangle injection.

Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Urology Year: 2017 Type: Article

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Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Language: Chinese Journal: Chinese Journal of Urology Year: 2017 Type: Article